Self-Portrait. Oil on canvas mounted on cardboard, 45 x 23 cm, 1908, Paris, Michel Rico Collection


Born in Madrid on November 12


Studies wood engraving. Attends classes with landscape painter Vicente Camarón, and later with Genaro Pérez Villaamil at the Royal Academy of San Fernando, in Madrid. There, his professor of Drawing from Life is Antonio Ribera and his Color teacher is Federico de Madrazo. He makes friends with Eduardo Rosales and Raimundo de Madrazo.


Successive annual painting campaigns to Covadonga, Sierra Nevada, the Guadarrama Mountains and Alcarria (Guadalajara). Obtains an honorable mention at the National Exhibition of Fine Arts in 1858 for A Guadarrama Landscape and a third medal at the following year’s exhibition for A Landscape. Outskirts of Azañón.


Obtains a grant to study landscape painting abroad after brilliantly winning the context with his painting Casa de Campo Landscape.


Lives in Paris. Summer painting campaign in Switzerland and trip to London in 1862. Painting in La Varenne, near Paris in 1864, where he coincides with Camille Pissarro. Is influenced by Charles-François Daubigny. Obtains second medals at the National Exhibitions of 1964 and 1866. That year, he meets Mariano Fortuny.


Appreciated by collector William H. Stewart and art dealer Adolphe Goupil, he begins to successfully sell his work. Painting campaigns in Poissy, on the banks of the Seine. In December 1869 he marries Louise Priet. In 1870, painting campaign in Bougival and return to El Escorial in Spain.


In 1871, he paints in Granada with Mariano Fortuny and the following year, in Alcalá de Guadaíra (Seville), the Touraine (France) and Fuenterrabía (San Sebastian).


Travels to Italy in 1873 and paints in Rome, Naples and Venice. Fascinated with the latter, he returns in 1874. The following year he works in Seville and Toledo, and in 1876, in Chartres and Sèvres. In 1878, he receives the Legion of Honor for his contribution to the Universal Exposition in Paris.


Each spring and summer he visits Venice (except in 1893). He also paints on the French Riviera (1881) and in Madrid (1882), Tivoli (1885), Verona (1886), Cannes (1888), Nuremberg (1892) and Toledo (1893). In 1889, he obtains a silver medal at the Universal Exposition in Paris. In 1898, his wife Louise dies.


Settles in Venice. In 1900, he marries María Sofía Breda Dubrowska and the following year his daughter Isabel Eleonora is born. Beginning in 1902, he spends summers in Belluno, in the Dolomites. In 1905, four of his works enter the Museo Nacional del Prado through the bequest of Ramón de Errazu, and in 1906, he publishes his memoirs, Recuerdos de mi vida (Memories of My Life).


Dies in Venice on April 13.

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