The Core of the Exhibition
The principal section of the exhibition is devoted to 21 paintings by Patinir and is the largest groups of his works ever to be brought together. These were produced at a time when it was normal for painters to work in collaboration with their studio and the exhibition has consequently aimed to establish which were painted by Patinir himself and which by his pupils. In addition, two new works are included which seem to indicate the artist’s own hand or that of his studio: the Triptych with the penitent Saint Jerome and Landscape with the Crucifixion, both from private collections.
The display of works combines a chronological and stylistic ordering. Three rooms devoted to Patinir reveal not only the originality of his style but also pay attention to stylistic and attributional issues. The paintings are grouped according to the similarities evident in the different versions of a particular subject, such as the religious subjects with Saint Jerome or the Rest on the Flight into Egypt. Patinir’s progressive mastery of landscape as an increasingly important element culminates in his large, late paintings. Three of them form the core of the exhibition: Landscape with Saint Christopher from the Monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Charon Crossing the Styx and The Temptations of Saint Anthony, both from the Museo del Prado.