The military uprising against the Republican Government on 18 July 1936 resulted in the start of the Spanish Civil War. In September of that year, following weeks of turmoil and tragic violence which saw the country divided into those loyal to the government and the rebels, as well as the positions adopted by foreign nations with regard to the war, the Nationalist forces focused on the capture of Republican Madrid. The capital was bombed sporadically from the end of August, while Nationalist troops assaulted from November and on the sixth of that month the Republican government moved to Valencia. Bitterly-fought battles continued for more than three months with the front line between the two forces, located on the western edge of the city, remaining almost unchanged for the next two years until 28 March 1939, three days between the declaration of the end of the war. During that time Madrid was in a permanent state of partial siege and the subject of a war of attrition. The city suffered from a lack of supplies as well as continuous bombings.

 
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