The aerial bombings of November 1936 over the centre of Madrid affected more than the important historic buildings located within the relatively small centre of the city. Bombs also fell on some of the most famous buildings in the city that housed an enormously rich artistic patrimony: the National Library (Biblioteca Nacional), the Royal Fine Arts Academy (Real Academia de Bellas Artes), the Archaeological and Anthropological Museums and others. As a result, protective measures were increased and the most important objects were moved to storage areas set up by the Committee for the Artistic Patrimony which could provide greater security. These events of the day also affected the Palace of the Dukes of Alba – requisitioned by the 5th Regiment at the outset of the war – and the works of art from the palace were sent to Valencia, subsequently passing into the care of the Central Committee

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