The bloodiest fighting in the battle for Madrid took place between 7 and 18 November 1936. The Republican Defence Committee (Junta de Defensa) organised military and civilian units against the advance of the Nationalist troops which reached the Casa de Campo and the Ciudad Universitaria. At the same time they systematically bombed the city, targeting not only industrial or logistical targets but also the streets, which were badly affected. Using new tactics, the attacking forces aimed to sew chaos and fear among the population and undermine its defences. The Committee for the Artistic Patrimony (Junta del Tesoro Artístico) produced a highly detailed photographic report recording the effect of these bombings on religious and cultural buildings in the city centre as well as ordinary houses. They covered the area around the Puerta del Sol, the calle Preciados, the calle Huertas and surrounding streets. In addition, they made records of the impact of the bombs and the type of ammunition involved.

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