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Self-portrait
Durero, Alberto
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Durero, Alberto

Nüremberg, 1471 - Nüremberg, 1528

Miniatura autor

Self-portrait

1498. Oil on panel, 52 x 41 cm.

In the same year that he published the Apocalipsis cum figuris, Dürer painted himself as a gentleman, dressed in light toned clothes and looking his best. He wears an open black and white doublet with a striped cap in the same colours, an undershirt trimmed with gold and a silk cord of blue and white threads holding up a grey-brown cloak that falls over his right shoulder. Dürer has sheathed the hands that he uses to paint in grey kidskin gloves indicative of high rank with the aim of elevating his social status from that of craftsman to artist and of locating painting among the liberal arts, as in Italy.The artist chose a half-length, three-quarter format with two focuses of attention: the face and hands. He located himself in a room that opens onto the outside through a window in the back wall, following Dieric Bouts’ Portrait of a Man of 1462 (London, National Gallery), a format that was subsequently widely adopted in Flanders and Italy. Basing himself on this Flemish format, Dürer added an Italian monumentality in the verticals and horizontals that create the window surround, also evident in the arrangement of his body which repeats the ‘L’ shape of the window in the bust, firmly supported by the arm leaning on the foreground ledge.Also present in this work is a characteristic of all Dürer’s exquisitely detailed portraits, namely his powers of psychological analysis, evident in the contrast between the sensual features and the cold, penetrating gaze. A painter, printmaker and art theoretician, Albrecht Dürer was born in Nuremberg, gaining fame in his own lifetime through his prints. Dürer trained under the influence of Flemish painting while his two trips to Venice (1494–5 and 1505–7) allowed him to discover the secrets of Renaissance art. A successful portraitist and printmaker, he worked for the Emperor Maximilian I who granted him a pension in 1515, which was renewed by Charles V in 1520. In 1636 the City Council of Nuremberg gave this Self-portrait to Charles I of England. Following Charles’ overthrow and execution, it was sold at his posthumous sale in 1651. The Spanish ambassador Alonso de Cárdenas acquired it for Don Luis de Haro, who gave it to Philip IV in 1654. It remained in the Spanish royal collection until it entered the Museo del Prado in 1827 (Silva Maroto, P. en: El retrato del Renacimiento, 2008, p. 486).

Multimedia

Technical data

Inventory number
P02179
Author
Durero, Alberto
Title
Self-portrait
Date
1498
Technique
Oil
Support
Panel
Dimension
High/Height: 52 cm.; Width: 41 cm.
Provenance
City Council of Nuremberg gave to Charles I of England; Commonwealth Sale (Charles I´s collection), 1649; acquired by Alonso de Cárdenas for Felipe IV, 1654; Royal Collection (Palacio Real Nuevo, Madrid, primera sala de la Furriera, 1747, nº 71; Palacio Real Nuevo, Madrid, paso de tribuna y trascuartos, 1772, nº 382; Palacio Real Nuevo, Madrid, pinturas con cristal, 1794, nº 382; Palacio Real, Madrid, habitación del infante don Carlos-sexta pieza, 1814-1818, nº 382).

Bibliography +

Memé, Lui, Les portraits de Dürer, 1909, pp. 103-120.

Die Galerien Europas Verlag Von E.A.Seemann, 1912.

Albert Durer, París Hachette et Cie, 1913, pp. 10.

Gauthier, Maximilien, Albert Durer, París Editions Nilsson, 1924, pp. 44.

Brion, Marcel, Albrecht Durer. His Life and Work, Londres Thames and Hudson, 1960, pp. 145.

Pope-Hennessy, John, The Portrait in the Renaissance, Londres Phaidon Pres Ltd, 1966, pp. 147, lám. 138.

Institut für film und bild in Wissenschaft und Unterricht, Albrecht Dürers Selbstbildnis von 1498 Die exemplarische Bildbetrachtung, 1969.

Osten, Gert von der, Painting and sculpture in Germany and the Netherlands: 1500, Londres Penguin Books, 1969.

Lambourne, Nigel, Albrecht Durer. Paintings, Drawings and Prints, Londres The Folio Society Limited, 1969, pp. lám. 9.

Lüdecke, Heinz, Albrecht Durer, Nueva York G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1970, pp. lám. 4.

Gerhardt, K., Ein vermmeintliches Selbstbildnis des jungen Albrecht Dürer, 1971, pp. 146-165.

Anzelewsky, Fedja, Albrecht Durer. Das Malerische Werk, Berlín Deutscher Verlag Fur Kunstwissensch, 1971, pp. 152, lám. 153.

Sporer, E. D., Albretch Durer 1471-1971, Munich Prestel Verlag, 1971.

Ponz, Antonio, Viage de España, Madrid, 1972, pp. 45.

Ferrarino, Luigi, Autorritrato con guenti di Albrecht Dürer SERVICIO DE PUBLICACIONES DE LA UNI, 1973, pp. 1-8.

Levey, Michael, Essays on Durer, Manchester Manchester University Press, 1973, pp. 74, lám. 26.

Albert Durer Aux Pays-Bas: Son Voyage (1520-1521). Son Influence, Bruselas Europalia 77 Bundesrepublik Deutsch, 1977.

Paltrinieri, M., Durero, Barcelona Editorial Marin, 1979, pp. 47.

Ruggeri, Ugo, Durer, Bolonia Capitol, 1979.

Anzelewsky, Fedja, Durer. Vie et Oeuvre, Fribourg Office du Livre, 1980, pp. 92.

Thiel, Erika, Geschichte des Kostums. Die Europaische Mode Von Den Aufange, Berlín Henschelverlag, 1980, pp. 171.

Strieder, Peter, Durer Karl Robert Langewiesche Nachhfolge, 1981, pp. 25.

Panofsky, Erwin, Vida y arte de Alberto Durero, Madrid Alianza Editorial, 1982, pp. lám. 109.

VV.AA., Durero, Granada Secretariado de Extensión Cultural de la Universidad, 1984.

Burke, Marcus B., Private Collections of Italian Art in Seventeenth Century Spain, Nueva York University Microfilm International, 1984, pp. 119.

Bonin, Wibke Von, 100 Meisterwerke Aus Den Grossen Museen Der Welt. Vol. II, Colonia Verlagsgesellschaft Schulfernsehen, 1985.

Mittelstadt, Kuno, Albrecht Durer, Berlín Henschelverlag Kunst Und Gessellsch, 1986.

Campo y Frances, Ángel del, La melancolía de Durero y la de Panofsky, 1986, pp. 125/ lám.1.

Selz, J., La Vie et L'Oeuvre de Albrecht Durer, París Acr Editions, 1988, pp. 70.

Wuttke, Dieter, Humanismus als intergrative Kraft. Die philosophie des deutscher erzhumanisten Conrad Celtis. Eine ikonologische studie ... LICOSA-IRSA / IRSA VERLAG GMBH., 1990, pp. 82/ lám.11.

Hutchison, J.C., Albrecht Durer. A Biography Princeton University Press, 1990.

Alberti, R., Mirar Un Cuadro en el Museo del Prado, Madrid R.T.V.E. y Lunwerg Editores, 1991, pp. 50.

Schneider, N., Portratmalerei. Hauptwerke Europaischer Bildniskunst. 1420-1, Colonia Benedikt Taschen Verlag, 1992, pp. 107.

Alvarez Cabanas, A., Roger Van Der Weyden en el Museo del Prado, Madrid Imp.Helenica, 1996, pp. 113.

Garrido Pérez, Carmen, Albert Durer: Deux Manieres Differentes de Travailler [s.n], 1997, pp. 61-66, lám. 23-25.

Boccardo, Piero, Genova e la Spagna : Opere, Artisti, Commitenti, Collezionis, Génova Silvana Editoriale, 2002, pp. 106.

Museo Nacional del Prado, La almoneda del siglo: relaciones artísticas entre España y Gran Bretaña: 1604-1655, Madrid Museo Nacional del Prado, 2002, pp. 250.

Albrecht Durer Hatje Cantz Verlag, 2003, pp. 226.

Matilla, José Manuel, Durero: obras maestras de la Albertina, Madrid Museo Nacional del Prado, 2005, pp. 88.

Durero y Cranach: arte y humanismo en la Alemania del Renacimiento, Madrid Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, 2007.

El retrato del Renacimiento Museo Nacional del Prado, 2008, pp. 280/281.

Recht, R., Le lieu privé du peintre. Autoportraits et atéliers comme configurations du champ de l´art, 2010, pp. 9-37.

Hess, D. and Eser, T, The early Dürer, Londres Thames & Hudson, 2012, pp. 111-114; 182-193.

Bonardel, F., Triptyque pour Albrecht Dürer. La conversation sacrée, Chatou Transparence, 2012, pp. 39-61; 50, n. 23.

Ed. Mena Marques, M, La belleza encerrada: de Fra Angelico a Fortuny, Madrid Museo Nacional del Prado, 2013, pp. 92.

Haskell, Francis, The King´s pictures. The formation and dispersal of the collections of King Charles I and his Courtiers., London Yale University Press, 2013, pp. 146,160 fg.159.

Sullivan, Margaret A, Alter Apelles: Dürer's 1500 self-portrait Renaissance Society of America,, 2015, pp. 1161-1191 [1168 f.2].

Stange, Alfred, Albrecht Durer, Berlín Emil Vollmer, pp. 12.

Other inventories +

Inv. Felipe V, Palacio Nuevo, 1747. Núm. 71.
PINTURAS EXISTENTES ANTIGUAS [...] En la primera Sala de este Oficio [...] {10290} 71 / Otro retrato en tabla con vn gorro alistado en la cabeza de dos tercias de cayda y media vara de ancho original de Alberto Durero = 3000 rs

Inv. Carlos III, Palacio Nuevo, 1772. Núm. 382.
Paso de Tribuna y Trascuartos [...] {12813} 382 / Vn retrato en tabla antiguo de dos tercias de alto y media vara de ancho de la manera de Lucas de Holanda

Inv. Testamentaría Carlos III, Palacio Nuevo, 1794. Núm. 382.
Las que siguen son con Cristal delante [...] {677} 382 / Dos tercias de alto y media vara de ancho: Un retrato. Alberto Durero ... 1500

Inv. Fernando VII, Palacio Nuevo, 1814-1818. Núm. 382.
Habitación del Señor Infante Don Carlos [...] Sexta pieza [...] {21874} 382 / tres quartas de alto dos tercias de ancho retrato de persona desconocida = Alberto Durero

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 972.
Durero. / 972. Retrato del autor. / Su trage es singular; rayado de blanco y negro; una gorra del mismo color le cubre la cabeza. Lleva camisa bordada de oro, capotito morado sobre el brazo izquierdo, y guantes blancos. En el fondo se ve por una ventana un pais con rio. (tabla) / Alto 1 pie, 10 pulg, 6 lin; ancho 1 pie, 5 pulg, 6 lin.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1873-1907. Núm. 1316.
1316.-(972-H.)-Retrato del autor á los veintiseis años de edad, de medio cuerpo, sentado junto á una ventana, con traje rayado de blanco y negro y capa color de lila oscuro; puestos los guantes.-Es copia del que existe en la galería degli Uffizi.-Parece á algunos dudosa su autenticidad, á pesar de la inscripción que lleva con el monograma del autor. / Col. de Cárlos II, R. Alc. y Pal. de Madrid.-F.L. / Alto 0,52; ancho 0,41.-T.

Exhibitions +

Obra Invitada en el Museu Nacional de Arte Antiga. Contraprestación
Lisboa
31.05.2016 - 11.09.2016

Exposición didáctica: el Museo del Prado en San Salvador
San Salvador, El Salvador
23.10.2015 - 29.11.2015

Exposición didáctica: el Museo del Prado en Guatemala
Ciudad de Guatemala, Guatemala
21.07.2015 - 30.08.2015

Exposición didáctica: el Museo del Prado en Honduras
Tegucigalpa. Honduras.
05.05.2015 - 28.06.2015

Captive Beauty. Fra Angelico to Fortuny
21.05.2013 - 10.11.2013

Exposición didáctica: El Museo del Prado en Santo Domingo
Santo Domingo, República Dominicana
07.07.2011 - 11.10.2011

The Renaissance Portrait
03.06.2008 - 07.09.2008

Durero y Cranach. Arte y Humanismo en la Alemania del Renacimiento
Madrid
09.10.2007 - 06.01.2008

Albrecht Dürer - Alberto Durero
Viena
04.09.2003 - 08.12.2003

Location +

Room 055B (On Display)

Update date: 21-01-2016 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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