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Alfonso XI of Castile
Cerdá de Villarestan, Francisco
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Cerdá de Villarestan, Francisco

Barcelona, 1814 - Madrid, 1881

See author's file

Alfonso XI of Castile

1849. Oil on canvas.
On display elsewhere

The Chronological Series of the Kings of Spain was a museum project planned in 1847 by José de Madrazo to adorn four of the new rooms at the Real Museo de Pinturas (Royal Museum of Paintings), then under his direction. At the height of the confrontation between the supporters of Isabella II and the Carlists, who denied the sovereign’s right to occupy the throne because she was a woman, the queen assented to the creation and display of a portrait gallery that would represent all the preceding monarchs in chronological order. To fill the gaps of the medieval kings, of whom there were no images in the Royal Collections, portraits were commissioned from a number of young painters. At the same time, given that the clear political purpose of the series was to provide visual legitimisation for Isabella’s right to the crown, a special effort was made to represent the queens of Spain’s history.

Technical data

Inventory number
Cerdá de Villarestan, Francisco
Alfonso XI of Castile
Height: 225 cm; Width: 140 cm
Serie Cronológica de los Reyes de España
Royal Collection

Bibliography +

Ossorio y Bernard, M., Galería biográfica de artistas españoles del Siglo XIX, Giner, Madrid, 1975, pp. 155.

Espinós, A.; Orihuela, M. y Royo Villanova, M. [et al.], ''El Prado disperso''. Cuadros depositados en Madrid. XI. Ministerio de Cultura, Boletín del Museo del Prado, VI, 1985, pp. 42.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas (I) La Colección Real, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990.

Díez, José Luis, La pintura isabelina: arte y política / discurso leído... por José Luis Díez García y contestación por Carmen Iglesias, Real Academia de Historia, Madrid, 2010, pp. 59-70.

Díez, J.L. (dir.), Pintura del Siglo XIX en el Museo del Prado: catálogo general, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2015, pp. 133.

Other inventories +

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 2953.
D. Francisco Cerda. /2953. Retrato de cuerpo entero de D. Alonso 11º / Lleva armadura y manto blanco, cogido este y la espada con la mano izquierda y en la derecha el cetro. / Alto 8 pies; ancho 5 pies.

Inscriptions + Cerdá. 1849.
Inscribed in black. Front, lower right corner

Inscribed in black. Front, lower right corner

Inscribed in red color. Front, lower left corner

Stretcher, central crossbeam, at center

D. ALONSO XI murio 1350
Front, lower central area

Location +

Madrid - Ministerio de Cultura y Deporte (Deposit)

Displayed objects +




Crown / Wreath


Cloak, Royal / Robes, Royal

Update date: 08-11-2022 | Registry created on 08-04-2016

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