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Bouquet of Flowers
Paret y Alcázar, Luis
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Paret y Alcázar, Luis

Madrid, 1746 - Madrid, 1799

Miniatura autor See author's file

Bouquet of Flowers

Ca. 1780. Oil on canvas

This painting was purchased by Charles IV for his personal collection, but was later transferred to the royal collections. Its facture and composition are similar to those of the works of French painter Michel-Nicolas Micheux (1688-1733), in the vein of an elegantly decorative Rococo style that was, however, about to be displaced by an all-conquering Neoclassicism that swept away all forms of the Baroque.

The work’s pleasant, light-spirited, and beautifully decorative formulation is much more reminiscent of the broad field of flower-painting during the reign of Louis XV (1715-1774) than of the Spanish school of the time in which it was possibly created, during the last decade of Charles III (1759-1788). All in all, this is a well-conceived and skillfully executed work. The excellent pictorial quality and unquestionable effects achieved within such limited dimensions bear witness to the painter’s gifts of observation.

The slightly elongated oval shape of the painting makes this piece (and its companion-painting P01042) quite unusual, a condition underscored by the mix of flowers themselves: roses, tulips, lilies, and carnations, among others, tied by ribbons in brilliant tones of blue. In an exquisite combination of colors and hues, a cool spectrum is brought into harmony with violets and pinks, which, with the brushwork, produces the effect of glints and gleams, shimmering iridescence, and delicate transparencies on the petals. The firm, precise self-assuredness of the drawing is also noteworthy, as is the compendium of small, masterful details. All of this leads one to think that the painting belongs to a mature phase in the artist’s career -the period, perhaps, when he was achieving his first successes in Bilbao, around 1780 or a little later, when he received the commission to paint the port cities of Cantabria, though no exact date can be conclusively determined.

This type of floral creation is characteristic of a time that was not as interested as was the preceding Siglo de Oro in reflecting the ephemerality of the things of life, and therefore burdening all images with a heavy load of symbolism. On the contrary, this painting evidences the moment’s taste for decoration. Not for nothing did many of these floral motifs inspire those who applied enamels or introduced porcelain inserts into fine furniture of the time.

Far from the spectacular showiness indulged in by many of his foreign contemporaries, who prided themselves on their luxuriant groupings, Paret preferred a finely detailed style, handled with simplicity and grace. This work also reflects a tendency to transmit the particular qualities of the elements of the piece, as well as a taste for soft contrasts of light and shadow as a way of strengthening the volumes and creating an atmospheric quality that adds to the verisimilitude of the composition (Text drawn from Luna, J. J.: El Greco to Goya. Masterpieces from the Prado Museum, Museo de Arte de Ponce, 2012, p. 133).

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Bouquet of Flowers
Oil on canvas, Ca. 1780
Inventory number
P001043
Author
Paret y Alcázar, Luis
Title
Bouquet of Flowers
Date
Ca. 1780
Technique
Oil
Support
Canvas
Dimension
Height: 40.4 cm.; Width: 35.5 cm.
Provenance
Royal Collection (Casita del Príncipe, El Escorial, Madrid; Palacio de Aranjuez, Madrid, tocador de la reina, 1818, nº 306).

Bibliography +

Cavestany, Julio, Pintores españoles de flores, ARTE ESPAÑOL / REVISTA ESPAÑOLA DE ARTE, 6, 1922, pp. 124-135.

Cavestany, Julio, Floreros y bodegones en la pintura española: catalogo ilustr, Sociedad Española de Amigos del Arte, Madrid, 1936, pp. 98.

Aguilera, Emiliano M., Pintores españoles del siglo XVIII, IberiaJoaquin Gil, Barcelona, 1946, pp. 18.

Gaya Nuño, J.A, Luis Paret y Alcázar, Boletín de la Sociedad Española de Excursiones, 56, 1952, pp. 144.

Lafuente Ferrari, Enrique, Breve historia de la pintura española, Tecnos, Madrid, 1953, pp. 396.

Delgado, O., Paret y Alcazar, Universidad de Puerto Rico, Madrid, 1957, pp. nº28.

Ars hispaniae: historia universal del arte hispánico, Plus Ultra, Madrid, 1965, pp. 238.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1972.

La nature morte de Brueghel a Soutine, Galerie des Beaux-Arts, Burdeos, 1978, pp. nº128.

Pérez Sánchez, Alfonso E., Panorama de la pintura española desde los Reyes Católicos a Goya, Servicio de Publicaciones del Instituto de Cooperación Iberoamericana, Buenos Aires, 1980, pp. 122.

Pintura española de bodegones y floreros de 1600 a Goya /, Ministerio de Cultura, Dirección General de Bellas, Madrid, 1983, pp. 173.

Luna, Juan J., Guia Actualizada del Prado, Alfiz, Madrid, 1984, pp. 103.

Luna, J.J., Miscelánea sobre bodegones. De Meléndez a Goya, Goya: Revista de Arte, 183, 1984, pp. 151-157.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1985, pp. 489-490.

Pérez Sánchez, Alfonso E. (1935-2010)), La nature morte espagnole du XVII sièecle a Goya /, Office du Livre ; Vilo, París, 1987, pp. 192/ lám.201.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990.

Luis Paret y Alcazar, 1746-1799, Servicio Central de Publicaciones del Gobierno Vas, Bilbao, 1991, pp. 191-192.

Pérez Sánchez, Alfonso E., Pintura Española de Bodegones y Floreros, The National Museum of Western Art, Tokio, 1992, pp. nº57.

Museo Nacional del Prado, La belleza de lo real: floreros y bodegones españoles en el, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1995, pp. 125-127.

Jordan, William B., Spanish Still Life From Velazquez To Goya, National Gallery, Madrid, 1995.

Morales y Marín, José Luis, Luis Paret:vida y obra, Aneto Publicaciones, Zaragoza, 1997, pp. 124.

Milicua, José, El bodegón español: de Zurbarán a Picasso, Fundación Bilbao Bizkaia KutxaMuseo de Bellas Arte, Bilbao, 1999.

Natures mortes de Sánchez Cotán a Goya a l'entorn de la col...., Museu Nacional d'Art de Cataluny, Barcelona, 2007, pp. nº45.

Luna, Juan J., El bodegón español en el Prado: de Van der Hamen a Goya, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2008, pp. 126/127.

Sánchez López, Andrés, La pintura de bodegones y floreros en España en el siglo XVI, Fundación Arte Hispánico, Madrid, 2008, pp. 626.

Maurer, G., Goya: lo bello y lo recóndito. En: La belleza encerrada: de Fra Angelico a Fortuny, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2013, pp. 333.

Mena Marqués, M.; Albarrán, V., La belleza encerrada: de Fra Angelico a Fortuny, folleto, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2013, pp. 47 n.206-n.207.

Mena Marqués, M.; Albarrán, V., Azúa, F. de, La belleza cautiva. Pequeños tesoros del Museo del Prado, Museo del Prado - Obra Social ''La Caixa'', Barcelona, 2014, pp. 168.

Prado captive beauty: treasures from the Prado Museum, Mitsubishi Ichigokan Museum, 2015, pp. n.79.

Other inventories +

Inv. Fernando VII, Aranjuez, 1814-1818. Núm. 306.
Tocador de la Reyna [...] {20811} 306 / dos quartas alto tercia ancho florero = Paret

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 1967.
Luis Paret (Firmado) / 1967. Un florero. / Alto 1 pie, 5 pulg; ancho 1 pie, 4 pulg.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1872-1907. Núm. 937.
937.-Florero. Alto 0,39. Ancho 0.37.-Lienzo.-(Compañero del anterior.) / Dentro de un óvalo, un ramo de rosas, amapolas reales, narcisos, etc., y por remate dos tulipanes. Atado con una cinta blanca listada de azul.-Firmado.

Exhibitions +

Their Majesties’ Retiring Room
Madrid
09.04.2019 - 24.11.2019

Goya y la corte ilustrada
Bilbao
14.02.2018 - 28.05.2018

Goya y la corte ilustrada
Zaragoza
27.09.2017 - 21.01.2018

Captive Beauty. Treasures from The Prado Museum
Tokio
10.10.2015 - 31.01.2016

Captive Beauty. Small Treasures at the Prado Museum
Barcelona
16.07.2014 - 05.01.2015

Captive Beauty. Fra Angelico to Fortuny
Madrid
21.05.2013 - 10.11.2013

El bodegón español en el Prado
Alcoi
24.03.2011 - 26.06.2011

El bodegón español en el Prado
Murcia
11.03.2010 - 06.06.2010

El bodegón español en el Prado
Valladolid
12.10.2009 - 14.02.2010

El bodegón español en el Prado
25.06.2009 - 20.09.2009

El bodegón español en el Prado
31.03.2009 - 31.05.2009

El bodegón español en el Prado
24.09.2008 - 30.11.2008

El bodegón español. de Zurbarán a Picasso
Bilbao
03.12.1999 - 19.04.2000

Spanish still life. Painting from Sánchez Cotán to Goya
Londres
22.02.1995 - 21.05.1995

Luis Paret y Alcázar
Bilbao
12.12.1991 - 31.01.1992

Location +

Room 039 (Temporary Exhibition)

Exposición Temporal

Displayed objects +

Textile: Cinta

Update date: 05-06-2019 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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