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Diana Cecil, Countess of Oxford
Van Dyck, Anton
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Van Dyck, Anton

Amberes (Bélgica), 1599 - Blackfriars, Londres (Reino Unido), 1641

Diana Cecil, Countess of Oxford

1638. Oil on canvas, 107 x 86 cm.

The wife of Robert de Vere, Count of Oxford, wears a black dress in the style popular in England in the sixteen thirties. She is depicted in a landscape or garden, in front of an outcropping of rock. In her hand is a rose, traditionally associated with fertility, is shown as withered, perhaps in a reference to the fact that the Countess was widowed at the age of thirty.. The placement of the model in the foreground, in front of a large object —architecture, stone or plant— with the vanishing point in an open landscape at one side, is a compositional solution characteristic of the artist´s final period in England and was to have an enormous influence on the development of English portraiture in the following centuries. The work is signed and dated on the boulder on which the Countess´s hands are resting, which may be a symbol of fortitude. In 1745, this painting entered the Royal Collection from that of the Duke of El Arco.

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Related artworks

Diana Cecil, Countess of Oxford
Lithographic aquatint on wove paper, 1829 - 1832
Diana Cecil, Countess of Oxford
Lithographic aquatint on wove paper, 1829 - 1832
Diana Cecil, Countess of Oxford
Lithographic aquatint on wove paper, 1829 - 1832
Diana Cecil, Countess of Oxford
Lithographic aquatint on wove paper, 1829 - 1832
Museo del Prado, sala de la reina Isabel II
Gelatin / Collodion on photographic paper, Ca. 1899
Inventory number
P01481
Author
Van Dyck, Anton
Title
Diana Cecil, Countess of Oxford
Date
1638
Technique
Oil
Support
Canvas
Dimension
High/Height: 107 cm.; Width: 86 cm.
Provenance
Royal Collection (Collection of Felipe V, Quinta of the Duke of El Arco, El Pardo-Madrid, “novena pieza que es de salón”, 1745, n. 256?; Quinta of the Duke of El Arco, “pieza octava de salón”, 1794, n. 205)

Bibliography +

Inventario de las Pinturas del Museo Hecho a la Muerte del Rey, [s.n, Madrid, 1834, pp. 61.

Rousseau, J., Les Peintres Flamands en Espagne, Commissions Royales D'Art et D'Ar, Bruselas, 1868, pp. 326.

Guiffrey, J., Antoine van Dyck sa vie et son oeuvre, Paris, 1882, pp. 143.

Cust, L., Anthony Van Dyck. An historical study of his life and works, George Bell and Sons, London, 1900, pp. 280.

Wurzbzch, Alfred Von, Niederlandisches Kunstler-Lexikon, I-II, Verlag Von Halm Und Goldmann, Wien-Leipzig, 1906, pp. 458.

Schaëffer, E., Van Dyck. Des meisters gemälde in 537 abbildungen, Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, Stuttgart-Leipzig, 1909, pp. 416.

Mayer, A. L., Meisterwerke Der Gemäldesammlung der Prado in Madrid, Franz Hanfstaengl, Munich, 1922, pp. 283.

Glück, G., Van Dyck. Des Meisters Gemalde in 571 Abbildungen, Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, Stuttgart-Berlín, 1931, pp. 482, 574.

Wilenski, R. H., Flemish Painters. 1430-1830, I, The Viking Press, Nueva York, 1960, pp. 457.

Pardo Canalís, E., La colección litográfica de cuadros del rey de España, Revista de ideas estéticas, 117, 1972, pp. 61, n. 113.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1972.

Díaz Padrón, Matías, Museo del Prado: catálogo de pinturas. Escuela flamenca, I, Museo del Prado; Patrimonio Nacional de Museos, Madrid, 1975, pp. 105, n. 1481.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1985, pp. 196-197.

Fernandez Miranda y Lozana, Fernando, Inventarios Reales Carlos III 1789-1790, II, Patrimonio Nacional, Madrid, 1988, pp. n. 4907.

Larsen, E., The paintings of Anthony van Dyck, II, Luca Verlag, Freren, 1988, pp. 365, n. 932.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990, pp. n. 1245.

Wheelock, Arthur K.; Barnes, Susan J. y Held, Julius S., Anthony Van Dyck, National Gallery of Art. Thames and Hudson, Washingotn, 1991, pp. 61.

Díaz Padrón, Matías, El siglo de Rubens en el Museo del Prado: catálogo razonado, I, Prensa Ibérica, Barcelona, 1995, pp. 446-447.

Aterido, A., Colecciones de pinturas de Felipe V e Isabel Farnesio: inventarios reales, II, Fundación de Apoyo de la Historia, Madrid, 2004, pp. 393, n. 368.

Barnes, S. J., Van Dyck. A Complete Catalogue of the Paintings, Yale University Press, New Haven, 2004, pp. 568, n. IV.178.

Díaz Padrón, Matías, Van Dyck en España, II, Prensa Ibérica, Madrid, 2012, pp. 642-645, n. 97.

Other inventories +

Inv. Felipe V, Quinta duque del Arco, 1745. Núm. ¿256?.
Nueve retratos de mugeres de medio cuerpo, de vara y tercia de alto, y cinco quartas de ancho vestidas a la antigua, sus marcos dorados

Inv. Testamentaría Carlos III, Quinta duque del Arco, 1794. Núm. 205.
[4907] 205 / Otro de cinco quartas de alto y algo mas de vara de ancho: representa el retrato de una Señora con una rosa en la mano: original de Vandik ... 3.000

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1854-1858. Núm. 1245.

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 1245.
Van-Dyck / 1245. LA DUQUESA DE OXFORD. / VESTIDA DE SEDA NEGRA CON MANGAS ANCHAS, DEJANDO DESCUBIERTO LA MITAD DEL BRAZO. EN LA MANO DERECHA TIENE UNA ROSA. (C.L.) / ALTO 3 PIES, 10 PULG; ANCHO 3 PIES, 1 PULG.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1872-1907. Núm. 1322.

There are no temporary exhibitions related to this work

Location +

Room 016B (On Display)

Expuesto
Update date: 06-12-2016 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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