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Four Bunches of Hanging Grapes
Fernández "el Labrador", Juan
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Fernández "el Labrador", Juan

Jaraicejo (Cáceres), 1629 - Madrid, 1657

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Four Bunches of Hanging Grapes

Ca. 1636. Oil on canvas.
Room 008A

Juan Fernández received the nickname “El Labrador” (“The Farmworker)” because he lived in the country, where he specialized in paintings of fruit. Their quality made them popular in the English and Spanish courts, and the artist´s name was mentioned with admiration by the earliest historians of Spanish art. Among that fruit, he developed a special interest in depicting bunches of grapes, for which he employed chiaroscuro technique, placing them in front of a dark background and using light and shadows to shape their volumes and create a powerful effect of illusion and reality. Through this technique, he developed a great capacity to individualize, which allowed him not only to specify the different varieties of grapes, but also their varying states of ripeness. Several of the paintings of bunches of grapes in which “El Labrador“ specialized were organized in pairs, such as P07905 and P07906, or this work and P07904.


Technical data

Inventory number
Fernández "el Labrador", Juan
Four Bunches of Hanging Grapes
Ca. 1636
Height: 45 cm; Width: 61 cm
Acquisition from the Rosendo Naseiro Collection, 2006.

Bibliography +

Cherry, Peter, Arte y naturaleza: el bodegón español en el siglo de oro, Ediciones Doce Calles, Madrid, 1999, pp. 219.

Cherry, Peter, La Pintura de Bodegón en las Colecciones del Museo Cerralbo, Ministerio de Educación, Madrid, 2001, pp. 42.

Lo fingido verdadero. Bodegones de la colección Naseiro adquiridos para el Prado, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2006, pp. 58.

Portús Pérez, Javier, Memoria de Actividades 2006, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2007, pp. 20-30.

Natures mortes de Sánchez Cotán a Goya a l'entorn de la col...., Museu Nacional d'Art de Cataluny, Barcelona, 2007.

Juan de Labrador, la mosca en la uva,, Libre Producciones, 2008.

Romero Asenjo, Rafael, El bodegón español en el siglo XVII : desvelando su naturale..., I & R, 2009, pp. 151,154-159.

Bernstorff, Marieke von, Agent und Maler als Akteure im Kunstbetrieb des frühen 17. J..., Hirmer Verlag, 2010, pp. 172-173.

Täuschend echt : Illusion und Wirklichkeit in der Kunst, Hirmer, 2010, pp. 92-93.

Aterido, A., ALba, L., Juan Fernández 'El Labrador', Miguel de Pret y la 'construcción' de la naturaleza muerta, Boletín del Museo del Prado, XXXI, 2013, pp. 34-53 [48-49 f.10a].

Aterido Fernández, Ángel, Juan Fernández el Labrador. Naturalezas muertas, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2013, pp. 46-47.

Other inventories +

Inv. Nuevas Adquisiciones (iniciado en 1856). Núm. 2703.

Exhibitions +

Juan Fernández el Labrador. Still Lifes
12.03.2013 - 16.06.2013

Genuine Illusions. The Art of Trompe l'Oeil
13.02.2010 - 24.05.2010

Naturalezas muertas. De Sánchez Cotán a Goya. En el entorno de la Colección Naseiro
26.03.2007 - 24.06.2007

Lo fingido verdadero. Bodegones españoles de la colección Naseiro adquiridos para el Prado.<br />
24.10.2006 - 07.01.2007

Location +

Room 008A (On Display)

Update date: 24-02-2022 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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