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Roman Sculptor
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Roman Sculptor

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Ca. 150 a.C.. White marble.
Room 073

This is a Roman copy of an Attic work of about 410-400 B. C. representing Hermes in the form of a pillar. In Athens, the different types of hermae included those donated by councillors so they could be situated in a place in front of the Stoa Basileios or the Stoa Poikile of the Agora called the “place of the hermae”. The official nature of these hermae, whose bases often bore honorary inscriptions, may have determined the appearance of this herm symbolising Zeus or a “hero of the tribes” of the city. The bust is modern, as is the inscription identifying the person depicted as the poet Aristophanes.


Technical data

Inventory number
Roman Sculptor
Ca. 150 a.C.
White marble
Height: 58 cm; Width: 37 cm; Base/bottom: 29 cm
Colección José Nicolás de Azara
José Nicolás de Azara Collection; Colección Real.

Bibliography +

Hübner, Emil, Die Antiken Bildwerke in Madrid, Druck Und Verlag Von Georg Reimer, Berlín, 1862, pp. 101.

Barrón, Eduardo, Catálogo de la escultura. Museo Nacional de Pintura y Escultura., Imprenta y fototipia J. Lacoste, Madrid, 1908, pp. 34, n.15.

Ricard, Robert, Marbres Antiques du Musee du Prado a Madrid, Feret & Fils, Burdeos, 1923, pp. 84.

Blanco, Antonio, Catálogo de la escultura, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 1957, pp. 23.

Blanco, Antonio; Lorente, Manuel, Catálogo de la escultura. Museo del Prado, Patronato Nacional de Museos, Madrid, 1981, pp. nº15.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Escultura clásica: guía, Fundación Marcelino Botín; Museo del Prado, Santander, 1999, pp. 74.

Schröder, Stephan F., Catálogo de la escultura clásica: Museo del Prado, II, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2004, pp. 57-59.

Elvira Barba, Miguel Angel, 'Winckelmann, Mengs y las colecciones escultóricas de Azara.' En:, El legado de Johann Joachim Winckelmann en España. Actas congreso internacional 20-21 Oct.2011, 2014, pp. 121-136 [130].

Other inventories +

Inv. Real Museo, Sección Escultura, 1857. Núm. 396.
396. Una cabeza de marmol de Carrara que representa al filosofo Aristoteles. / Alto 2 pies, 6 lin.

Inscriptions +

ARISTOPHANES [en caracteres griegos, por José Nicolás de Azara]
Incised. On the front

Inscribed in black. On the front

Inscribed in red color. On the front

Location +

Room 073 (On Display)

Update date: 11-11-2022 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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