The itinerary <em>TITULORECORRIDO</em> has been successfully created. Now you can add in works from the Collection browser
<em>TITULOOBRA</em> added to <em>TITULORECORRIDO</em> itinerary

Naval Battle off a rocky Coast
Vroom, Hendrick Cornelisz
Close Continuar a ficha de la obra

Vroom, Hendrick Cornelisz

Haarlem, 1566 - Haarlem, 1640

See author's file

Naval Battle off a rocky Coast

1626 - 1627. Oil on panel.
Not on display

This painting was listed in the Museum catalogues as an anonymous work from the Dutch school until 1920, although from 1885 onwards it was noted that Bredius ascribes it to Aert Anthonisz. van Antum (ca. 1579/80-1620). The attribution was adopted from the 1936 catalogue onwards. However, Vroom`s signature is perceptible beneath the repainted flag bearing the Burgundy cross which covers the original Dutch flag. Since the picture featured in the inventory of the possessions of Queen Isabella Farnese (1746) as the work of an unknown artist, it is reasonable to think that the repainting to conceal the original flag dates from before it entered her collection. It is quite possible that the repainting was done to pass the scene off as a battle between the Spanish armada and the Turkish fleet. In the royal inventories and Museum catalogues, Naval Battle off a Rocky Coast is listed as the companion piece to Ships in a Storm, attributed here to Claes Claesz. Wou.

This panel features all the stylistic devices designed by Vroom to depict ships in the harbour or at sea and later adopted by his followers. As is typically found in the painter`s works, the colour is arranged into two strips: a dark foreground occupied by the sea, and a luminous, atmospheric plane in which water, sky and the small fragment of coastline blend. The precise, painstaking draughtsmanship with which the ships, the rigging and the flags are rendered contrasts with the more painterly execution of the water and the atmospheric effects. The paint is applied sparingly in gentle brushstrokes except in the metal ball and half moon that crown the masts flying the flags, which are executed with a small touch of yellow impasto and appear to be in relief.

Vroom painted his first naval battles in 1590. However, his works are mostly undated. This, coupled with his scant stylistic evolution, which is limited to the progressive lowering of the horizon line, makes it difficult to establish a timeline for his output. In this case the horizon line is very low, a practice which became widespread in Dutch painting in the 1620s. Moreover, the ship on the right and the fortification on the rocky outcrop that can be made out in the background feature in another of Vroom`s seascapes, Castle with a Ship sailing Nearby, dated 1626 (Posada Kubissa, T.: Pintura holandesa en el Museo Nacional del Prado. Catálogo razonado. 2009, p. 317).


Technical data

Inventory number
Vroom, Hendrick Cornelisz
Naval Battle off a rocky Coast
1626 - 1627
Height: 37 cm; Width: 58 cm; Alto con marco: 49.5 cm; Ancho con marco: 70.5 cm; Fondo con marco: 5 cm
Royal Collection (colección Isabel Farnesio, Palacio de La Granja de San Ildefonso, Segovia, pieza de la chimenea junto al tocador, 1746, nº 678; La Granja, pieza cuadrada inmediata al dormitorio, 1766, nº 678; Palacio de Aranjuez, Madrid, pieza de música, 1794, nº 678).

Bibliography +

Salas, Xavier de, Museo del Prado. Catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1972.

Valdivieso, Enrique, Pintura Holandesa del siglo XVII en españa, Universidad, Valladolid, 1973, pp. 205.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1985, pp. 826.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas (I) La Colección Real, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990, pp. nº1490.

Aterido Fernández, Ángel; Martínez Cuesta, Juan; Pérez Preciado, José Juan, Colecciones de pinturas de Felipe V e Isabel Farnesio. Inventarios Reales, II, Fundación de Apoyo de la Historia del Arte Hispánico, Madrid, 2004, pp. 507.

Posada Kubissa, Teresa, Pintura holandesa en el Museo Nacional del Prado. Catálogo razonado, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2009, pp. 150-152.

Posada Kubissa, Teresa, El paisaje nórdico en el Prado. Rubens, Brueghel, Lorena, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2011, pp. 117-118,162, n. 41.

Posada Kubissa, Teresa, Rubens, Brueghel, Lorrain. A Paisagem Nórdica do Museu do Prado, Museu Nacional de Arte Antiga - INCM - Museo Nacional del Prado, Lisboa, 2013, pp. 115,159 n.41.

Other inventories +

Museo Real de Pinturas a la muerte de Fernando VII, 1834. Núm. 100.
SALÓN 1º / ESCUELA HOLANDESA / Ciento. Combate de dos Buques / T / 2.660

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 1490.
Escuela holandesa. / 1490. Combate de dos buques. / Son de grueso porte, uno cristiano y otro morisco. (tabla.) Alto 1 pie, 4 pulg; ancho 2 pies, 1 pulg.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1872-1907. Núm. 1956.
1956.-(1490-N.)-Marina.- Combate de dos buques de alto bordo, uno cristiano y otro morisco. / Col. de Doña Isabel Farnesio, Pal. de San Ildef. / Alto 0,37; ancho 0,58.-T.

Inv. Fernando VII, Aranjuez, 1814-1818. Núm. 678.
Consejo de Estado [...] {20963} 677 / Dos pies largo cinco quartas alto, vistas de marina con navio en tempestad = Adan Villart = lo mismo el 678 navio en bonanza

Inv. Isabel Farnesio, La Granja, 1746. Núm. 678.
677-678 / Dos Pinturas en Tabla, de mano no conocdª que reptªn. dos Marinas en la una, un Nauio con tempestad: En la otra dos Marchantes en bonanza tienen à media vara menos quatro dedos de alto, y dos pies de ancho. Marcos dorados lisos ... 2

Inv. Testamentaría Isabel Farnesio, La Granja, 1766. Núm. 678.
Pieza quadrada immediata al Dormitorio [...] 677, 678 / Ôtros dos paises de marina marcos dorados lisos en tabla, de dos pies y medio de largo, y pie, y medio de alto, valen seiscientos rrs

Inv. Testamentaría Carlos III, Aranjuez, 1794. Núm. 678.
Pieza de musica [...] {204} 678 / Otro [quadro] de la misma medida que el anterior [dos pies de largo y uno y quarto de alto]. Vistas de Marina en bonanza. Ydem [Adan Villarts] ... 1000

Inscriptions +

V ROOM [bandera repintada con la cruz de Borgoña, debajo del repinte]
Signed. Front, center

Fleur-de-lis, used as a collection’s mark belonging to Elisabeth Farnese. Front, lower right corner

7a No 678. / Una Marina / Aran.z
Scrap of paper. Back, Upper area

Inscribed in orange. Front, lower left corner

Inscribed with chalk. Back, central area

Taller de restaura / ción Museo del Prado / nº 2159 / limpieza / Jover i Pico / 2.VIII.1918
Scrap of paper. Back, central area

Exhibitions +

Rubens, Brueghel, Lorena. El paisaje nórdico en el Prado
03.12.2013 - 30.03.2014

Rubens, Brueghel, Lorena. El paisaje nórdico en el Prado
Palma de Mallorca
20.06.2013 - 29.09.2013

Rubens, Brueghel, Lorena. El paisaje nórdico en el Prado
14.03.2013 - 02.06.2013

Rubens, Brueghel, Lorena. El paisaje nórdico en el Prado
20.12.2012 - 24.02.2013

Rubens, Brueghel, Lorena. El paisaje nórdico en el Prado
25.09.2012 - 25.11.2012

Rubens, Brueghel, Lorena. El paisaje nórdico en el Prado
Santiago de Compostela
01.12.2011 - 18.03.2012

Dutch Painters at the Prado
03.12.2009 - 11.04.2010

Displayed objects +


Transport, Maritime / Transport, River

Update date: 28-06-2022 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

Other works by Vroom, Hendrick Cornelisz

Print on demand

Print artworks available in our catalogue in high quality and your preferred size and finish.

Image archive

Request artworks available in our catalogue in digital format.