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Pilate washing his Hands
Correa de Vivar, Juan
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Correa de Vivar, Juan

Mascaraque (Toledo, Spain), 1510 - Toledo (Spain), 1566

See author's file

Pilate washing his Hands

1540 - 1545. Tempera grassa on pine panel.
On display elsewhere

Among the commissions that Correa made for the former monastery of the Bernardine fathers at Santa María la Real de Valdeiglesias are a group of three panels with scenes from the Passion of Christ. Their representations in circular compositions and many stylistic similarities indicate that they belonged to the same set. These three panels depict three successive stories: Pilate washing his Hands, The Crowning with Thorns (P669) and an Ecce Homo (P670). The episode depicted on this panel of Pilate washing his Hands is narrated in the Gospel (Matthew 27:24–25). It is additionally recorded in an apocryphal Gospel (Nicodemus 9:4).

This scene takes place in the palace of the Roman procurator. In the foreground, a soldier accusingly points at Jesus. This soldier wears an ochre Roman leather helmet and breastplate. Correa borrowed this model from Juan de Borgoña. It is a figure that he employs in the panels that accompany this one and that he utilises extensively in other compositions throughout his oeuvre. In the centre, another soldier with a bristly face and grey beard wears a halberd and blue armour. He holds the rope with which Christ has been imprisoned. Correa depicts the Saviour with a crown of thorns. He also makes use of a cruciferous halo, a rope around his neck and drops of blood from the thorns that reach the rope. His dispirited demeanour suggests a submissive expression of acceptance of the divine plan. Behind Jesus, there is an old man with very slim features and a sorrowful expression who wears a cap and a red cloak. He likely represents one of his followers. The different textures of the clothing—velvet, wool and leather—as well as the different finishes of the metals, the flesh tones, hair and other details, are all executed with great skill. The play on light and darkness emphasises all the qualities and leaves the scene in semi-darkness. Barely discernible in the background are a curtain-like veil behind the court on the left, a column, and part of an arch on the right.

Cortés, Susana Ocaña, Estrella, 'Juan Correa de Vivar. Pilatos lavándose las manos' En:. Juan Correa de Vivar, c. 1510-1566 : maestro del Renacimiento español., Toledo, Sociedad Don Quijote de Conmemoraciones culturales de Castilla la Mancha, 2010, p.122-125 n.12


Technical data

Related artworks

Ecce Homo
Oil on panel, Second third of the XVI century
Correa de Vivar, Juan
Inventory number
Correa de Vivar, Juan
Pilate washing his Hands
1540 - 1545
Tempera grassa
Pine panel
Height: 87 cm; Width: 87 cm
Pelayos de la Presa (Madrid), Cistercian monastery of Santa María la Real de Valdeiglesias; Museo de la Trinidad.

Bibliography +

Cruzada Villaamil, Gregorio, Catálogo provisional, historial y razonado del Museo Nacional de Pinturas, Madrid, 1865, pp. 191.

El Toledo de Domyco Theotocopuly: El Greco, Ministerio de Cultura, Dirección General de Bellas, Toledo, 1982, pp. 112.

Espinós, A.; Orihuela, M. y Royo Villanova, M. [et al.], ''El Prado disperso''. Cuadros depositados en Toledo y Ávila. Toledo. Museo de Santa Cruz, Boletín del Museo del Prado, V, 1984, pp. 68.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas, II, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, 1991, pp. 288.

Cortés, Susana Ocaña, Estrella, 'Juan Correa de Vivar. Pilatos lavándose las manos' En:, Juan Correa de Vivar, c. 1510-1566 : maestro del Renacimiento español., Sociedad Don Quijote de Conmemoraciones culturales de Castilla la Mancha, Toledo, 2010, pp. 122-125 n.12.

Other inventories +

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1972. Núm. 668.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1873-1907. Núm. 2151.

Catálogo Museo de la Trinidad, 1865. Núm. 938.
PRIMITIVAS ESCUELAS ESPAÑOLAS / D. CORREA [...] 938. Pilatos lavándose las manos. / Tabla circular. - Diámetro 0,895. - Fig. / D. Correa. / A la izquierda del espectador se ve sentado a Pilatos lavándose las manos en una cofaina de plata que le presenta un paje: a la derecha y entre un grupo de soldados armados de picas, lanzas y alabardas, se ve a Nuestro Señor Jesucristo, atadas las manos, cubierto de un manto verde y coronado de espinas. El color de esta tabla recuerda mucho la Escuela Veneciana.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1910. Núm. 668.

Inv. Museo de la Trinidad, Pintura. Núm. 938.
938. / Tabla circular. Pilatos labandose las manos en presencia de Jesucristo, rodeado de sayones con alabardas y una bandera encarnada. Figs como de avara y mas de medio cuerpo. / autor / rectifdo alto 0,91 ancho 0,91. / / embarrotado sin rar y con moldura lisa dorada y colgdo en / nº 131 / g.p.

Inscriptions +

131 Galería principal
Scrap of paper. Back, lower left corner

Scrap of paper. Back, lower right corner

Inscribed in blue. Front, lower central area

Exhibitions +

Quinto centenario del nacimiento del pintor Juan Correa de Vivar
16.12.2010 - 13.03.2011

Location +

Toledo - Museo de Santa Cruz (Deposit)

Displayed objects +



Lances / Spears

Standard / Banner / Flag

Object for hygiene

Update date: 06-07-2022 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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