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The Aldobrandini Garden at Frascati
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The Aldobrandini Garden at Frascati

XVII century. Oil on canvas.
Not on display

The earliest documentary reference to this painting appears in the 1772 inventory of the Palace of the Buen Retiro, in which the setting is attributed to Viviano Codazzi (1603/4-1672) and the figures to Aniello Falcone (1607-1656). However, this architectural view has traditionally been considered part of the set of landscapes -with hermits and bucolic scenes- commissioned in Rome to decorate the Buen Retiro and listed in the 1701 inventory of the Palace. Moreover, since the publication of Barghahn`s text (1986), it has been assumed to be the painting referred to in the entry that precedes these landscapes: A Perspective two and a half varas high and seven spans wide of the Church of St Peter`s in Rome, executed in Rome, with carved and gilt frame appraised at sixty doubloons... 3,600, an identification that is by all accounts mistaken. This entry should be identified with the picture Interior of St Peter’s Basilica in Rome, an original work by Filippo Gagliardi (d. 1659), signed and dated 1640 in Rome. What is more, The Aldobrandini Garden at Frascati cannot be identified as any of Codazzi`s four architectural views recorded in the 1701 inventory -or indeed as any other listed in that document.

The Aldobrandini Garden at Frascati entered the Museum as an original by Jan Both. This attribution is maintained in later catalogues, although the figures are ascribed to Jan Miel (1599-1664) until the publication of the 1966 edition, where they are attributed to Andries Both (ca. 1612-1642). Valdivieso (1973), Salerno (1977-78), Barghahn (1986) and Capitelli (2005) follow the ascriptions established in the early catalogues. However, Waddingham (1964) and Burke (1976) support the attribution of the setting to Viviano Codazzi and the figures to Andries Both. Burke (1976) links them to those of the Galleria Pallavicini in Rome (Text drawn from Posada Kubissa, T.: Pintura holandesa en el Museo Nacional del Prado. Catálogo razonado, 2009, p. 322).

Technical data

Inventory number
The Aldobrandini Garden at Frascati
XVII century
Height: 212 cm; Width: 157 cm
Paisajes para el Palacio del Buen Retiro
Royal Collection (Buen Retiro Palace, Madrid, "cuarto de las infantas", 1772, no. 565; Buen Retiro, 1794, no. 422; New Royal Palace, Madrid, "secretaría de Estado", 1814-1818, nº 422).

Bibliography +

Tüngel, Richard, 400 Jahre Kunst, Kultur, und Geschichte im Prado, Schweizer Verlagshaus, Zurich, 1964, pp. 38/ lám.15.

Waddingham, Malcom R., Andries and Jan Both in France and Italy, Paragone : mensile de arte figurativa, 1964, pp. 13-43.

Waddingham, Malcom R., Andries and Jan Both in France and Italy, Paragone, 171, 1964, pp. 13-43 [28-33,37 il.38].

Salas, Xavier de, Museo del Prado. Catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1972.

Valdivieso, Enrique, Pintura Holandesa del siglo XVII en españa, Universidad, Valladolid, 1973, pp. 224.

Inventarios reales: testamentaria del Rey Carlos II : 1701-1, II, Museo del PradoPatronato Nacional de Museos, Madrid, 1975, pp. 287/ nº130.

Burke, James D., Jan Both : Paintings, Drawings and Prints. Tesis Doctoral, Garland Publishing, Nueva York, 1976, pp. 85, 222.

Salerno, Luigi, Pittori di paesaggio del Seicento a Roma = Landscape painter, Ugo Bozzi, Roma, 1977, pp. 424.

Claudio de Lorena y el ideal clásico de paisaje en el siglo, Ministerio de Cultura, Dirección General de Bellas, Madrid, 1984, pp. 70.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1985, pp. 75.

Barghahn, Barbara Von, Philip IV and the Golden House of the Buen Retiro in the Tradition of Caesar, Garland PublishingInc., Nueva York, 1986, pp. 191/ lám.762.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas (I) La Colección Real, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990.

Capitelli, Giovanna, Los paisajes para el Palacio del Buen Retiro, En: El Palacio del Rey Planeta. Felipe IV y el Buen Retiro, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2005, pp. 252/ lám.76.

Posada Kubissa, Teresa, Pintura holandesa en el Museo Nacional del Prado. Catálogo razonado, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2009, pp. 191-193.

Other inventories +

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1872-1907. Núm. 1191.
1191.-(1778-R.)-Perspectiva de la rotonda del jardín Aldobrandini, en Frascati.-Figuras de A.Both. / Alto 2,10; ancho 1,55.-L.

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 1778.
J. Both / 1778. Vista de la rotunda en el jardin, Aldobrandini de Frascati. / Esta rodeado de altos y frondosos chopos. Hay varias figuras, una de ellas dibujando, de mano de Andres Both. / Alto 7 pies, 6 pulg, 6 lin; ancho 5 pies, 6 pulg, 6 lin.

Inv. Testamentaría Carlos III, Buen Retiro, 1794. Núm. 422.
Otra [pintura] de Juan Bautista el Mazo. Un Pais con un Portico y varias figuras flamencas: de dos varas y media de alto y vª. y tres quartas de ancho, marco dorado...2000

Inv. Fernando VII, Palacio Nuevo, 1814-1818. Núm. 422.
Secretaría de Estado [...] {22228} 422 / dos varas y media alto dos de ancho un arco con dos columnas que sirve de entrada a vna galeria de vn jardin con varias figuras y una fuente

Inv. Carlos III, Buen Retiro, 1772. Núm. 565.
Quarto de las Infantas [...] {14838} 565 / Vna prespectiva con varias figuras de dos varas de alto vara y quarta de ancho original de Viviano.

Museo Real de Pinturas a la muerte de Fernando VII, 1834. Núm. fol.428.
Cuatro cientos veinte y dos. Una perspectiva con un Pórtico y varias figuras. Id [Bot] lienzo 8.300

Inscriptions +

Inscribed in white. Front, lower left corner

Inscribed in orange. Front, lower left corner

Exhibitions +

El palacio del Rey Planeta. Felipe IV y el Buen Retiro
06.07.2005 - 30.10.2005

Displayed objects +



Update date: 09-04-2022 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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