The itinerary <em>TITULORECORRIDO</em> has been successfully created. Now you can add in works from the Collection browser
<em>TITULOOBRA</em> added to <em>TITULORECORRIDO</em> itinerary

Collection <Back
The Recovery of Saint Kitts Island
Castello, Félix
Close Continuar a ficha de la obra

Castello, Félix

Madrid, 1595 - Madrid, 1651

The Recovery of Saint Kitts Island

1634. Oil on canvas, 297 x 311 cm.

Saint Kitts, Nevis and Sint Eustatius, are Leeward Islands in the Lesser Antilles. After their occupation by the French and English in 1627, they became home bases for pirates. The Spanish expedition was led by Fadrique de Toledo y Osorio, I Marquis of Villanueva de Valdueza and Captain General of the Ocean Fleet. He was accompanied by Fleet General Martín de Vallecilla and Admiral Antonio de Oquendo. After capturing various pirate ships on Nevis Island, the expedition debarked at Saint Kitts, where they rapidly captured two French forts and one English one with almost no losses. They took 2,300 prisoners and obtained 200 cannons. As with other battles depicted in the Hall of Realms, this was a fleeting victory. After burning the tobacco plantations, Fadrique left the island without leaving any garrison there. As he continued on to Portobello and Havana to take delivery of the customary treasure from the Indies, the French and English returned, occupying Saint Kitts again in August 1630. Fadrique de Toledo was the son of the V Marquis of Villafranca and had been appointed Capitan General of the Oceanic Sea in 1618 after his significant success in the Mediterranean and Brazil. Another of his achievements was The Recovery of Bahía de Todos los Santos (P885), which Maíno depicted in the Hall of Realm’s most symbolic painting. By the time those two paintings were commissioned, however, Fadrique had fallen from favor as a result of his dispute in 1633 with the Count-Duke of Olivares over a projected expedition to Brazil for which Fadrique sought a degree of funding that Olivares was unwilling to provide. Sent to prison and found guilty in November, 1633 by the Council of Castile, he was permanently banished, stripped of all his posts, and denied the income from his possessions. He died on December 10 of the following year. Castelo depicts him in the foreground, giving orders to one of his officers (possibly Pedro de Osorio, his Field Marshall), who has placed his hand on his chest. Behind this officer, we see a soldier, and another officer wearing a hat, whom Ceán and Madrazo supposed to be Juan de Orellana. As in the other paintings from the Hall of Realms, the battle is meticulously rendered in the background, with warships, barges and skiffs debarking troops. Other Spanish troops appear on land, where they are receiving fire from a burning stronghold and an enemy fort. Castelo was a relatively minor painter, with very little original work before 1633. His participation in the Hall of Realms’ decorative program (the King’s painter, Angelo Nardi was not even included in this project) can be explained by the fact that he was Vicente Carducho’s favorite disciple and seems to have been an important collaborator in previous years. This relationship is borne out by the similarity of the present work’s composition to Carducho’s although, as Angulo and Pérez Sánchez have observed, the landscape is richer and more kinetic. There is a preparatory drawing for this painting at the Cabinet of Drawings and Prints in the Uffizis (Text drawn from Álvarez Lopera, J. in: El Palacio del Rey Planeta. Felipe IV y el Buen Retiro, Museo Nacional del Prado, 2005, p. 146).

Technical data

Related artworks

The Victory at Fleurus
Oil on canvas, 1634
The Relief of Constance
Oil on canvas, 1634
The Storming of Rheinfelden
Oil on canvas, 1634
The Recapture of San Juan in Puerto Rico
Oil on canvas, 1634 - 1635
The Defence of Cadiz against the English
Oil on canvas, 1634 - 1635
The Surrender of Jülich
Oil on canvas, 1634 - 1635
The Liberation of Brisach
Oil on canvas, 1634 - 1635
The Surrender of Breda
Oil on canvas, Ca. 1635
Inventory number
P00654
Author
Castello, Félix
Title
The Recovery of Saint Kitts Island
Date
1634
Technique
Oil
Support
Canvas
Dimension
High/Height: 297 cm.; Width: 311 cm.
Series
Serie de Batallas, Salón de Reinos, Palacio del Buen Retiro
Provenance
Royal Collection (Buen Retiro Palace, Madrid, 1701, no. 254; Buen Retiro Palace, 1794, no. 526; New Royal Palace, Madrid, "pinturas descolgadas en el callejón de las tribunas", 1814-1818, no. 526).

Bibliography +

Ponz, Antonio, Viage de España. Vol. I, Joachin Ibarra, Madrid, 1776, pp. 128.

Inventario. Real Palacio del Buen Retiro. Madrid. Pinturas, [s.n], Madrid, 1794, pp. nº15999(526).

Tormo y Monzó, Elías, Velazquez y el Salon de Reinos del Palacio del Buen Retiro, Imprenta San Francisco de Sales, Madrid, 1912, pp. 34.

Exposición Iberoamercana 1929-30. Catálogo de la sección de arte antiguo., Museo de Bellas Artes de Asturias, Sevilla, 1929.

Angulo Íñiguez, D.; Pérez Sánchez, A. E., Historia de la pintura española: escuela madrileña del primer tercio del siglo XVII, Instituto Diego Velázquez, Madrid, 1969, pp. 201.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1972.

Brown, Jonathan, A Palace For a King. The Buen Retiro and the Court of Philip, Yale University Press, New Haven; Londres, 1980, pp. 167 / lám. 120.

Brown, Jonathan, Un palacio para un rey: el Buen Retiro y la corte de Felipe, Alianza EditorialRevista Occidente, Madrid, 1981, pp. 174 / lám. 120.

González de Amezúa, Mercedes, ''Las armas en el Teatro Clásico Español'', El Corral de Comedias. Escenarios, Sociedad, Actores, Ayuntamiento, Madrid, 1983, pp. 243 / lám. 125.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1985, pp. 135-136.

Barghahn, Barbara Von, Philip IV and the Golden House of the Buen Retiro in the Tradition of Caesar, Garland PublishingInc., Nueva York. Londres, 1986, pp. 227 / lám. 895.

Palomino de Castro y Velasco, Acisclo Antonio, Vidas, Alianza Editorial, Madrid, 1986, pp. 142-3.

Fernandez Miranda y Lozana, Fernando, Inventarios Reales Carlos III 1789-1790, I, Patrimonio Nacional, Madrid, 1988, pp. 296, nº2889(526).

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990, pp. nº2674.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Pintura barroca española: guía, Museo Nacional del PradoAldeasa, Madrid, 2001, pp. 268.

Elliot J.H., Historia y mito en el Salón de Reinos. En Historias inmortales, Barcelona, 2003, pp. 211-228.

Portús, Javier, La Coleccion de Pintura Española en el Museo del Prado, Edilupa, Madrid, 2003, pp. 99.

Schreffler, Michael, The art of allegiance. Visual culture and imperial power in baroque New Spain, Pennsylvania State University Press, Pennsylvania, 2007, pp. 94.

Luna, J. J., Guerra y pintura en las colecciones del Museo del Prado. S. XVI a Goya, Arte en tiempos de guerra Jornadas de Arte (14º.2008.Madrid), 2009.

Marías, Fernando, Pinturas de historia, imágenes políticas. Repensando el Salón de Reinos. Discurso leído en la recepción de la Real Academia de la Historia 24 de junio 2012, 2012, pp. 17-20,68.

Bake-ituna = Tratado de Paz = Traité de Paix = Peace Treaty, Fundación Donostia/San Sebastián 2016 Fundazioa,, San Sebastián, 2016, pp. III c, 113.

Other inventories +

Inv. Testamentaría Carlos II, Buen Retiro, 1701-1703. Núm. [255].
[255] Ottra [pintura] del mismo tamaño [cuatro varas de largo y tres y media de alto] marco [dorado] y auttor [feliz Casttelo] que la anttezedentte de Don fadrique de toledo Uatiendo a Vn Castillo tasada en zientto y Ueintte doblones ... 7200

Inv. Testamentaría Carlos III, Buen Retiro, 1794. Núm. 526.
Otra [pintura] de Feliz Castelo, del mismo tamaño [quatro varas de largo, y tres y media de alto] y marco [dorado] que las anteriores, con Dn. Fadrique de Toledo batiendo un Castillo...6000

Inv. Fernando VII, Palacio Nuevo, 1814-1818. Núm. 526.
Pinturas descolgadas / En el callejon de las Tribunas [...] {21937} 526 / Don Fadrique de Toledo batiendo un castillo = Felix Castelo

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1854-1858. Núm. 1910.

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 2674.
F. Castello / 2674. Bloqueo de una fortaleza. / Alto 10 pies, 8 pulg; ancho 11 pies, 2 pulg.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1872-1907. Núm. 695.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1910. Núm. 654.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1942-1996. Núm. 654.

Exhibitions +

Tratado de Paz
San Sebastián
17.06.2016 - 02.10.2016

El palacio del Rey Planeta. Felipe IV y el Buen Retiro
Madrid
06.07.2005 - 30.10.2005

Update date: 02-06-2017 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

Other works by Castello, Félix

Print on demand

Print artworks available in our catalogue in high quality and your preferred size and finish.

Image archive

Request artworks available in our catalogue in digital format.

Up