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Vase of Flowers
Espinós, Benito
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Espinós, Benito

Valencia, 1748 - Valencia, 1818

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Vase of Flowers

1780 - 1788. Oil on panel

This flower painting brings to mind works the artist gave to the Prince of Asturias, Charles of Bourbon, in 1788. Shortly before he took the throne as King Charles IV. An early interest in art in general, and painting in particular, led this monarch to amass an excellent collection at his residence near the Monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial, and the numerals (360) that appear on this panel correspond to the inventory of that collection, many of whose works were looted during the French invasion. When José Bonaparte fled the Peninsula on his way back to France, he took a copious booty, including some of the treasures that had belonged to Charles IV.

The chronology of the artist’s gift to the prince allow us to date the present work from 1788 or earlier. Roses, tuberoses, daffodils and wallflowers, among other species, form a delicate bouquet that emerges from a crystal vase resting on a stone pedestal whose far right edge is irregular.

This agreeable depiction of flowers recalls the grace and lightness of French paintings from both the first half of the 18th century, with classicist airs, and the late rococo. Nonetheless, its composition resembles those by Arellano, with which it shares undeniable similarities, despite being less monumental and opulent than the works of that great Siglo de Oro artist. Here, Espinós displays a technical mastery based on a complete control of color and a skillful contrast of light and shadows—the vase stands out clearly against the dark background—that place him head and shoulders above his peers. He executes this work with vibrant but never excessive impasto brushstrokes behind which there is a striking mastery of drawing. In that same sense, he establishes a dynamic play among stalks and petal, clearly reflecting a fondness of highly evocative tactile qualities that bears witness to both a gift for observation, and great skill at depicting what he observes (Text from Luna, J. J.: El bodegón español en el Prado. De Van der Hamen a Goya, Museo Nacional del Prado, 2008, p. 138).

Technical data

Inventory number
P004293
Author
Espinós, Benito
Title
Vase of Flowers
Date
1780 - 1788
Technique
Oil
Support
Panel
Dimension
Height: 60 cm.; Width: 42 cm.
Provenance
Royal Collection (Palacio de Aranjuez, Madrid, despacho y dormitorio del rey, 1818, nº 360); Museo de Arte Moderno.

Bibliography +

Cavestany, Julio, Floreros y bodegones en la pintura española: catalogo ilustr, Sociedad Española de Amigos del Arte, Madrid, 1936, pp. nº148.

Pintura española de bodegones y floreros de 1600 a Goya /, Ministerio de Cultura, Dirección General de Bellas, Madrid, 1983, pp. 181.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas, I, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990.

Museo Nacional del Prado, La belleza de lo real: floreros y bodegones españoles en el, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1995, pp. 131-132.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: catálogo de las pinturas, Ministerio de Educación y Cultura, Madrid, 1996, pp. 107.

Luna, Juan J., El bodegón español en el Prado: de Van der Hamen a Goya, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2008, pp. 138/139.

Sánchez López, Andrés, La pintura de bodegones y floreros en España en el siglo XVI, Fundación Arte Hispánico, Madrid, 2008, pp. 636.

Other inventories +

Inv. Fernando VII, Aranjuez, 1814-1818. Núm. 360.
Despacho y Dormitorio del Rey [...] {20721} 360 / tabla dos pies y dos dedos de alto media vara de ancho un florero = Benito Espinosa

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 1987.
Espinós / 1987 Un florero (Tabla) / Alto 2 pies, 2 pulg; ancho 1 pie, 6 pulg

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1872-1907. Núm. 717.
717. Florero. Alto 0,60. Ancho 0,42.- Tabla. Sobre una tabla de mármol amarillo, un vaso de cristal con rosas, malvas reales, lirios y otras flores.- Firmado

Exhibitions +

Their Majesties’ Retiring Room
Madrid
09.04.2019 - 24.11.2019

El bodegón español en el Prado
Alcoi
24.03.2011 - 26.06.2011

El bodegón español en el Prado
Murcia
11.03.2010 - 06.06.2010

El bodegón español en el Prado
Valladolid
12.10.2009 - 14.02.2010

El bodegón español en el Prado
25.06.2009 - 20.09.2009

El bodegón español en el Prado
31.03.2009 - 31.05.2009

El bodegón español en el Prado
24.09.2008 - 30.11.2008

Location +

Room 039 (Temporary Exhibition)

Exposición Temporal

Displayed objects +

Flower Arrangement: Florero panzudo de vidrio, con un solo asa.

Update date: 25-07-2019 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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