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Women Surprised by Soldiers
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
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Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

Fuendetodos, Zaragoza (Spain), 1746 - Bordeaux (France), 1828

Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de See author's file

Women Surprised by Soldiers

Ca. 1812. Red chalk, Conté crayon on laid paper.
Not on display

Though related to Goya’s Disasters of War, this drawing was neither engraved nor published. Its composition is framed in red chalk and the corners are emphasized with touches of the same material. The composition of drawing D03989 is similar to that of D03988. The central group and the soldier in the opening on the right coincide in both images, which differ only in the figures in the middle ground to the left. Following Sánchez Cantón’s suggestion, Gassier considered D3989 a first study for preparatory drawing D03988.

In this series of prints executed between 1810 and 1814 Goya offers a critical and personal vision of the consequences of the Spanish Peninsular War (1808-14) that is remote from the propagandistic images produced by his contemporaries. Through his etchings the artist condemned the irrationality of war and the brutality of both sides, which inevitably resulted in suffering, pain and death. The series’ meaning transcends a visual presentation of a specific conflict and can be considered the first critique of war in general. Disasters of War was the title added by the Real Academia de San Fernando in 1863 for the first edition of these prints, which were not published in Goya’s lifetime.


Technical data

Related artworks

Women Surprised by Soldiers
Red chalk, Conté crayon on laid paper, Ca. 1812
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Inventory number
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Women Surprised by Soldiers
Ca. 1812; 1810 - 1814
Red chalk; Conté crayon
Laid paper
Height: 188 mm; Width: 237 mm
Desastres de la guerra [dibujo]
Javier Goya, Madrid, 1828; Mariano Goya, Madrid, 1854; Valentín Carderera, Madrid, c. 1861; Mariano Carderera, Madrid, 1880; Museo del Prado, 1886.

Bibliography +

D'Achiardi, Pierre, Les Dessins de D. Francisco de Goya y Lucientes au Musée du Prado à Madrid, D. Anderson, Roma, 1908.

Mayer, August L., Francisco de Goya, Labor, Barcelona, 1925, pp. 231.

Sánchez Cantón, Francisco Javier, Sala de los dibujos de Goya, II, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1928, pp. 29, n.181.

Adhemar, J., Goya. Exposition de L'Oeuvre Grave, De peintures, de tapisseries et de cent dix dessins du Musée du Prado, Bibliothèque National, Paris, 1935, pp. 43.

Sánchez Cantón, Francisco Javier, Los dibujos de Goya reproducidos a su tamaño y en su color. Estudios para Los Caprichos, Los Desastres de la guerra, La Tauromaquia y dibujos no grabados, I, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1954, pp. 148.

Harris, Tomas, Goya, engravings and lithographs, II, Bruno Cassirer, Oxford, 1964, pp. 298.

Gassier, Pierre y Wilson-Bareau, Juliet, Vie et oeuvre de Francisco de Goya: l' oeuvre complet illustré: peintures, dessins, gravures, Office du Livre, Fribourg, 1970, pp. nº 1142.

Gassier, Pierre, Dibujos de Goya. Estudios para Grabados y Pinturas, II, Noguer, Barcelona, 1975, pp. 314.

Blas, Javier, El libro de los desastres de la guerra Francisco de Goya. Vol. I, Museo del Prado: R.A.B.A.S.F., Madrid, 2000.

Filigree +

Motive: Letra “D & C Blauw” (mitad inferior)
Height: 10 mm
Width: 146 mm
El papelero holandés Dirk Blauw (?-1782) fue propietario del molino familiar “De Oude Bauw” en Wormerveer, al noroeste de Ámsterdam, desde 1724. La firma “Dirk & Cornelis Blauw” figuró desde 1750 cuando Dirk se asoció con su hijo Cornelis (?-1762). Tras la muerte de Dirk Blauw, la filigrana había alcanzado tanto éxito que fue copiada por papeleros franceses durante el siglo XIX como marca de calidad por lo menos hasta 1858.

La filigrana de letras "D. & C. Blauw" se ha encontrado acompañada de flor de lis, escudo con banda, escudo con doble “X”, letras "IV”, Pro Patria, y otras.

Voorn, Henk, De papiermolens in de provincie Noord-Holland, Papierwereld,, Haarlem, 1960, pp. 557 [año 1724-].
Churchill, William Algernon, Watermarks in paper, in Holland, England, France, etc., in the XVII and XVIII centuries and their interconnection, B. De Graaf, Nieuwkoop, 1985, pp. 13 [año 1733-1827].

Other inventories +

Catálogo Gassier, 1975. Núm. II 232.

Colección Dibujos Goya (Numeración Sánchez Catón). Núm. 181.

Catálogo Goya, Pierre Gassier y Juliet Wilson. Núm. 1142.

Inscriptions +

"181" (sobre adhesivo)
Inscribed in pen and ink. Front, right side

"52" (repasado)
Inscribed. Front, lower left corner

Update date: 04-11-2021 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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