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Ecce Homo
Oil on panel. 1560 - 1570
Morales, Luis de
Ecce Homo
Oil on panel. 1560 - 1570
Morales, Luis de

Jesus is shown half-length, crowned with thorns and with a haggard face, parted lips, prominent cheekbones, and moist eyes raised in an attitude of submission to the divine will. His hair, beard, moustache and eyelashes are minutely rendered in a light brown colour. Similarly detailed is the treatment of the tears and drops of blood. The latter, caused by the thorns piercing his forehead and the w

The Crucifixion
Oil on panel. Ca. 1566
Morales, Luis de
The Crucifixion
Oil on panel. Ca. 1566
Morales, Luis de

The dimensions, format, theme, support and pictorial style of these three works -The Crucifixion (P8211), Lamentation over the Dead Christ (Museo de Salamanca, CE 106) and The Resurrection (P8212)- all point towards a common provenance, an altarpiece with traditional subject matter linked to the Christological cycle, with special emphasis on the episodes related to the Passion, the death of Christ

Saint John the Baptist
Oil on panel. Ca. 1566
Morales, Luis de
Saint John the Baptist
Oil on panel. Ca. 1566
Morales, Luis de

It is not known when or how these two paintings -Saint John the Baptist and Saint Juan de Ribera (P947)- came to be the property of Luisa Enríquez, but their common provenance has never been seen as an indication of a link with the same group of art works. However, the technical study that was recently carried out on the two panels shows that they are directly and unequivocally related in t

The Annuncation
Oil on panel. Ca. 1565
Morales, Luis de
The Annuncation
Oil on panel. Ca. 1565
Morales, Luis de

In a single sequence, the painting shows the Archangel Gabriel’s greeting to Mary, his announce ment to her that she has been designated as the mother of the son of God, and her acceptance of the divine will (Luke, 1, 26-38). St Gabriel appears on the viewer’s left, kneeling before the Virgin. He is covered in a white tunic constructed with a rich array of solidly drawn folds interspersed with a s

The Virgin and Child with the Infant Saint John the Baptist
Oil on panel. Ca. 1570
Morales, Luis de
The Virgin and Child with the Infant Saint John the Baptist
Oil on panel. Ca. 1570
Morales, Luis de

Morales here presents us with one of his most successful and heartwarming subjects, that of the Virgin and Child, although he also includes in this case the figure of the infant St John the Baptist, who looks out at the viewer with his blue eyes and, with a Harpocratic gesture, asks for silence so that Jesus’s sleep will not be disturbed. Illuminated by a strong light source, the scene stands out

Pietà
Oil on panel. 1565 - 1570
Morales, Luis de
Pietà
Oil on panel. 1565 - 1570
Morales, Luis de

Large-format versions of the Virgin holding the dead body of Christ, like those at Badajoz Cathedral and at the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, gave way in Morales’s oeuvre to smaller compositions on the same subject, with half-length figures shown on a striking background of rigorous black. Against this, the two figures and the upright of the cross are contrasted with strong lighti

The Adoration of the Magi
Oil on panel. 1565 - 1570
Morales, Luis de
The Adoration of the Magi
Oil on panel. 1565 - 1570
Morales, Luis de

It is extremely likely that these two panels, -The Adoration of the Magi and The Adoration of the Shepherds-, similar in format, measurements and style, belonged to the predella of the same altarpiece, since both have the usual configuration of paintings destined for this type of placement, and the compositional design in each case displays similarities in the size and arrangement of the figures a

The Birth of the Virgin
Oil on panel. 1562 - 1567
Morales, Luis de
The Birth of the Virgin
Oil on panel. 1562 - 1567
Morales, Luis de

The Birth of the Virgin at the Museo del Prado, the only painting on this subject by the hand of Luis de Morales and a work that remained unpublished until 2003, and the two pieces at the Museum Schloss Fasanerie in Eichenzell, The Presentation in the Temple and The Visitation, which are little known in Spain, belong in all probability, as Gabriele Finaldi pointed out, to one and the same set, a j

The Virgin and Child
Oil on panel. Ca. 1565
Morales, Luis de
The Virgin and Child
Oil on panel. Ca. 1565
Morales, Luis de

This is one of Morales’s most characteristic and best-known paintings, both because of its technical quality, its domestic format and its apparently tender and heartwarming subject, and also because it is one of the works by the painter that have been exhibited continuously ever since first entering the Prado. It joined the Museum’s holdings in 1916 after the Royal Board of Trustees had accepted t

Christ Justifying his Passion
Oil on panel. Ca. 1565
Morales, Luis de
Christ Justifying his Passion
Oil on panel. Ca. 1565
Morales, Luis de

This work is an example of an exceptional iconography within the subject matter habitually dedicated to the Passion by the painter, and even within that of the European art of his time as a whole. Although his most frequent subjects were the traditional ones of the Ecce Homo (alone or accompanied by executioners, by Pontius Pilate and an executioner, or by the Virgin and St John), Christ at the Co

Triptych of the Pietà, St John and St Mary Magdalene
Oil on panel. Ca. 1570
Morales, Luis de (And Workshop)
Triptych of the Pietà, St John and St Mary Magdalene
Oil on panel. Ca. 1570
Morales, Luis de (And Workshop)

Large-format versions of the Virgin holding the dead body of Christ, like those at Badajoz Cathedral and at the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, gave way in Morales’s oeuvre to smaller compositions on the same subject, with half-length figures shown on a striking background of rigorous black. Against this, the two figures and the upright of the cross are contrasted with strong lighti

The Virgin Dolorosa
Oil on panel. 1560 - 1570
Morales, Luis de
The Virgin Dolorosa
Oil on panel. 1560 - 1570
Morales, Luis de

The Virgin Mary, turned slightly to the right, has her hands clasped in an imploring attitude, her gaze absent and her eyes flooded with tears. She wears a bluish-green robe, a violet tunic and a white coif. The iconography of the Mater Dolorosa does not appear in the gospels, but is a creation that emerges from the exaltation of pathos at the end of the Middle Ages. Nevertheless, the episode alwa

The Adoration of the Shepherds
Oil on panel. 1565 - 1570
Morales, Luis de
The Adoration of the Shepherds
Oil on panel. 1565 - 1570
Morales, Luis de

It is extremely likely that these two panels, -The Adoration of the Shepherds and The Adoration of the Magi-, similar in format, measurements and style, belonged to the predella of the same altarpiece, since both have the usual configuration of paintings destined for this type of placement, and the compositional design in each case displays similarities in the size and arrangement of the figures a

The Virgin Nursing the Child
Oil on panel. Ca. 1565
Morales, Luis de
The Virgin Nursing the Child
Oil on panel. Ca. 1565
Morales, Luis de

These works (P944 and P7948) embody a more decorous variation of the breastfeeding Madonna, a reference to the succour afforded by the Virgin to all believers. Morales designed a composition which avoids both the representation of Mary’s nude breast and explicit lactation. With both hands, Mary holds a Child who seeks maternal consolation, lifting the veil with one hand and touching the modestly c

The Virgin and Child with a Spindle
Oil on panel. 1566
Morales, Luis de
The Virgin and Child with a Spindle
Oil on panel. 1566
Morales, Luis de

This panel formed part of an altar dedicated to St Anne at Badajoz Cathedral. Commissioned by the bishop at that time, Juan de Ribera (1532-1611), it shows the young Virgin Mary seated half-length against an intensely dark background while the Christ Child, approximately a year old, rests on her lap. Jesus reclines and turns his head to look more intently at a winding frame in the form of a cross,

The Virgin nursing the Child
Oil on panel. 1560 - 1565
Morales, Luis de
The Virgin nursing the Child
Oil on panel. 1560 - 1565
Morales, Luis de

These works (P7948 and P944) embody a more decorous variation of the breastfeeding Madonna, a reference to the succour afforded by the Virgin to all believers. Morales designed a composition which avoids both the representation of Mary’s nude breast and explicit lactation. With both hands, Mary holds a Child who seeks maternal consolation, lifting the veil with one hand and touching the modestly c

Saint Stephen
Oil on panel. Ca. 1575
Morales, Luis de (Workshop Of)
Saint Stephen
Oil on panel. Ca. 1575
Morales, Luis de (Workshop Of)

The most frequent image of Saint Stephen shows his stoning after his condemnation for blasphemy by the Sanhedrin in Jerusalem. The account given in the Acts of the Apostles reads: And they stoned Stephen, calling upon God, and saying, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit. And he kneeled down, and cried with a loud voice, Lord, lay not this sin to their charge. (Acts, 7, 59-60). The death of the young dea

The Presentation of Jesus in the Temple
Oil on panel. Ca. 1562
Morales, Luis de
The Presentation of Jesus in the Temple
Oil on panel. Ca. 1562
Morales, Luis de

In this picture in the Prado, Morales combines elements that allude to both moments, -the Presentation in the Temple and the Purification of the Virgin-, although it might appear at first that he inclines towards the Purification, since only the group formed by the Holy Family and the priest Simeon, together with the two young pigeons carried by the woman in the foreground, are taken from the Gosp

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