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The Infanta Catalina Micaela
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1585
Pantoja de la Cruz, Juan (Attributed To)
The Infanta Catalina Micaela
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1585
Pantoja de la Cruz, Juan (Attributed To)

La infanta Catalina Micaela fue la menor de las dos hijas habidas en el matrimonio del rey Felipe II con su tercera esposa, Isabel de Valois. Nació en Madrid en 1567. Junto a su hermana mayor, Isabel Clara Eugenia, ocupó un lugar preferente en los sentimientos del rey, su padre, como denotan sus relaciones epistolares. Como Infanta de España, tenía reservado además un puesto preciso en la política

Queen Elisabeth of Valois, third wife of Philip II
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1605
Pantoja de la Cruz, Juan
Queen Elisabeth of Valois, third wife of Philip II
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1605
Pantoja de la Cruz, Juan

In this three-quarter portrait Queen Isabel de Valois (1546-1568) wears a black velvet gown with round sleeves from which her slashed red silk undersleeves embroidered with gold and silver thread peep out. On her head is a tilted flat cap which, like the buttons adorning the gown, is decorated with diamonds and rubies. The French queen would have dressed in this manner for solemn events, embellish

Margaret of Austria, Queen of Spain
Oil on canvas. 1607
Pantoja de la Cruz, Juan
Margaret of Austria, Queen of Spain
Oil on canvas. 1607
Pantoja de la Cruz, Juan

Margaret of Austria married Philip III in 1599 after Philip II chose her from among the women of the Austria-Styria family. The marriage was planned to coincide with that of infanta Isabel Clara Eugenia and archduke Albert. Margaret was born in 1584 and when she arrived in Spain in April 1599, she had already been married by power of attorney in Ferrara. She was known for her discretion and virtue

Margaret of Austria
Oil on canvas. 1606
Pantoja de la Cruz, Juan
Margaret of Austria
Oil on canvas. 1606
Pantoja de la Cruz, Juan

Margaret, who married Philip III in 1599, was the daughter of the Archduke of Bavaria. In this portrait by Pantoja de la Cruz -the most representative painter of the reign- she wears the so-called “Rich jewel”, a dynastic heirloom comprising the diamond known as “El estanque” (The Pool) and the famous large pearl known as “La peregrina” (The Pilgrim).

Portrait of a Knight of the Order of Santiago
Oil on canvas. 1601
Pantoja de la Cruz, Juan
Portrait of a Knight of the Order of Santiago
Oil on canvas. 1601
Pantoja de la Cruz, Juan

Pantoja de la Cruz continued the type of court portrait formulated by Sánchez Coello in the mid-sixteenth century. The severe, distant image projected by the sitter, possibly a servant in the Alcázar in Madrid, is characteristic of portraiture of this period, contrasting with the expressive intensity of El Greco’s Toledan male sitters. Signed and dated.

Philip III
Oil on canvas. 1606
Pantoja de la Cruz, Juan
Philip III
Oil on canvas. 1606
Pantoja de la Cruz, Juan

The king is portrayed in armour, beside a tent; the image is not particularly representative of the sitter, whose tastes tended more towards regal pomp and religious piety. The composition follows earlier traditions, though with certain features characteristic of Pantoja de la Cruz: a rather geometric rendering of the figure, an impassive, somewhat distant expression, and a fascination with the de

The Infanta Isabel Clara Eugenia
Oil on canvas. 1598 - 1599
Pantoja de la Cruz, Juan
The Infanta Isabel Clara Eugenia
Oil on canvas. 1598 - 1599
Pantoja de la Cruz, Juan

Isabel Clara Eugenia (1566-1633), King Philip II’s mostbeloved daughter, boasts fine robes and an “upper-crust” and highly-fashionable coiffure. She is standing, with just over half her body visible, her gloved left hand on the back of a chair, holding a miniature of her by-then elderly father in her right hand. This miniature, beside expressing her emotional bond with her father, is also intended

Joanna of Austria, sister of King Philip II of Spain, Princess of Portugal
Oil on canvas. Early Finales del siglo XVI - XVII century
Pantoja de la Cruz, Juan
Joanna of Austria, sister of King Philip II of Spain, Princess of Portugal
Oil on canvas. Early Finales del siglo XVI - XVII century
Pantoja de la Cruz, Juan

Joanna, the daughter of Charles V and Isabella of Portugal was born in 1535, and later married her cousin Joao Manuel, prince of Brazil. On the death of her husband in 1554, and having soon after given birth to their son, Don Sebastián, she left Portugal and returned to Spain, where she died in 1573.

The Emperor Charles V
Oil on canvas. 1605
Pantoja de la Cruz, Juan
The Emperor Charles V
Oil on canvas. 1605
Pantoja de la Cruz, Juan

A fire in El Pardo Palace on March 13, 1604, destroyed the portraits in the Hall of Kings. These portraits had been painted by the finest artists of the time, including Titian, Antonio Moro, Alonso Sánchez Coello, and Sofonisba Anguisciola. Encased in stucco frames attached to the walls of the gallery, which had been organized by Sánchez Coello at the behest of Philip II, these portr

The Birth of the Virgin
Oil on canvas. 1603
Pantoja de la Cruz, Juan
The Birth of the Virgin
Oil on canvas. 1603
Pantoja de la Cruz, Juan

At the German Imperial court, into which Queen Margaret of Austria (1584-1611) was born, portraits of royalty were often included in religious scenes; these paintings were known in Spanish as portraits “a lo divino”. This canvas, which was commissioned by the queen herself, shows three of her sisters, together with their mother, the Duchess of Styria.

The Annunciation
Oil on canvas. 1603
Pantoja de la Cruz, Juan
The Annunciation
Oil on canvas. 1603
Pantoja de la Cruz, Juan

Perteneciente al retablo mayor de la iglesia del colegio de Agustinos Calzados de Madrigal junto con La Adoración de los Pastores (P2471), Aparición de santa Leocadia a san Ildefonso (P5412) y la Imposición de la casulla a san Ildefonso (P5424). Registrado por Ceán (1800): MADRIGAL / COLEGIO DE AGUSTINOS CALZADOS / Seis quadros en el altar mayor con figuras del tamaño del natural, firmados en 1603

Saint Augustine
Oil on canvas. 1601
Pantoja de la Cruz, Juan
Saint Augustine
Oil on canvas. 1601
Pantoja de la Cruz, Juan

Shortly after El Greco completed the high altar for the church of the Colegio de Doña María de Aragón (Madrid), Juan Pantoja de la Cruz executed these two canvases, which were to flank El Greco’s work. While primarily known as a portraitist, Pantoja also produced notable religious compositions such as the present monumental figures, which are imbued with a dynamism and express

Unknown Lady
Oil on canvas. 1601
Pantoja de la Cruz, Juan
Unknown Lady
Oil on canvas. 1601
Pantoja de la Cruz, Juan

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