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Homer
White marble. II century
Roman Sculptor
Homer
White marble. II century
Roman Sculptor

This idealised portrait of the blind poet, author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, depicts him as an old, bearded man, a typology established in the 3rd century BC. In the 18th century the interest in establishing the appearance of figures from Antiquity led the bust’s owner, José Nicolás de Azara, to identify it as the philosopher Plato, whose name he had inscribed on it.

Pensive Muse
White marble, Travertine. 69 - 90
Anonymous; Roman Sculptor
Pensive Muse
White marble, Travertine. 69 - 90
Anonymous; Roman Sculptor

In classical Antiquity the subjects of sculptures were identified by their attributes or gestures. In this case the figure’s pensive pose suggests that of one of the Muses, Polyhymnia or Clío, depicted in sarcophagus scenes as listening attentively to the god Apollo’s music. Based on late Hellenistic models, this figure was made in the Flavian period, possibly to decorate a library.

Augustus wearing a toga
White marble. Late I a.C. century
Roman Sculptor
Augustus wearing a toga
White marble. Late I a.C. century
Roman Sculptor

Two ancient fragments with a different origin were skilfully joined in the seventeenth century to create the statue. Augustus, clad in the toga of a Roman citizen, offers a sacrifice with his head covered, thereby demonstrating veneration of the gods. The portrait, less common than the other type in the Prado (E00119), offers a more realistic representation and a more natural hairstyle. Both portr

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