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The Genius of Painting
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1650
Mehus, Lieven
The Genius of Painting
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1650
Mehus, Lieven

Born in Flanders, Livio Mehus moved to Milan at a young age and is thus often considered an artist of the Italian school. He is recorded in Rome at the age of fourteen and later in Florence, Lucca and around Genoa. He also worked successively in Piamonte and Lombardy. There is ample documentation of his activity as a painter of frescoes and oils, an expert on northern Italian painting and a restor

The penitent Saint Jerome
Oil on panel. 1525 - 1530
Anonymous
The penitent Saint Jerome
Oil on panel. 1525 - 1530
Anonymous

Located against a background landscape resembling those of Joachim Patinir (c. 1480-1524), Saint Jerome kneels in prayer before a crucifix and skull. In this case he is not depicted inside a cave or by its entrance. His red robe and hat identify him as a cardinal while the book refers to his role as a Father of the Church and the translator of the Bible into Latin. Behind him is the lion who accom

Nativity
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1610
Cajés, Eugenio
Nativity
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1610
Cajés, Eugenio

Eugenio was the son of Tuscan painter Patricio Cajés, who came to Spain to work for Philip II at the monastery of El Escorial. His mother, Casilda de la Fuente, was Spanish. He began studying painting with his father and later moved to Rome (1595-1599), where he discovered two new trends in painting that would largely define the course of art in the 17th century: Caravaggio’s chiaroscuro an

Queen Anne of Austria, fourth Wife of Philip II
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1616
González, Bartolomé
Queen Anne of Austria, fourth Wife of Philip II
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1616
González, Bartolomé

A court portrait of Queen Anne (1549-1580), the daughter of Emperor Maximilian II (1527-1576) and Maria of Austria (1528-1603), married her uncle Philip II in 1570; their son later became Philip III (1578-1621). This portrait is thought to be a copy of one by Anthonis Mor, painted in 1570 when the future queen was travelling to Spain to be married. She is wearing a white partlet over an ornate dou

The Adoration of the Shepherds
Oil on canvas. 1612
Lanchares, Antonio de
The Adoration of the Shepherds
Oil on canvas. 1612
Lanchares, Antonio de

Few works are known by the short-lived Lanchares, an artist of the Madrid school. Notable among his surviving paintings is this nocturnal depiction in which the artist reveals an extensive and very early knowledge of contemporary Italian painting. The use of humble figure types, the meticulous brushstroke, angled composition and in particular the chiaroscuro all look to the Caravaggesque aesthetic

Hunt at the Castle of Torgau in Honour of Charles V
Oil on panel. 1544
Cranach The Elder, Lucas
Hunt at the Castle of Torgau in Honour of Charles V
Oil on panel. 1544
Cranach The Elder, Lucas

A hunting scene characterized by a very developed landscape castle of Hartenfels in Torgau (Saxony). Among those taking part are the Emperor Charles V and John Frederick the Magnanimous, Elector of Saxony (at the lower left), together with the latters wife, Sibylla of Cleves (on the right, dressed in red). The hunt never actually took place and the painting is in fact an allegory of good governmen

Portrait of an Old Man
Oil on panel. 1525 - 1527
Cleve, Joos Van (Also Known As Joos Van Der Beke)
Portrait of an Old Man
Oil on panel. 1525 - 1527
Cleve, Joos Van (Also Known As Joos Van Der Beke)

El personaje es representado de medio cuerpo y ante un fondo oscuro. El artista tradujo de forma magistral el rostro y las manos del anciano e insistió en los detalles fisonómicos, pero materializándolos con su característico sfumato, en el que se detecta el eco de Leonardo por el que se vio influido a partir de 1520. Atribuido con anterioridad a Hans Holbein, en la actualidad se juzga de mano de

Danaë and the Shower of Gold
Oil on canvas. 1560 - 1565
Titian (Tiziano Vecellio)
Danaë and the Shower of Gold
Oil on canvas. 1560 - 1565
Titian (Tiziano Vecellio)

The first Poesie presented to Prince Philip were Danaë (1553, The Wellington Collection) and Venus and Adonis (1554, Museo del Prado, P422), versions of other previous works, but endowed with all the prestige of the commissioning party. In turn, these works became models for numerous replicas (Danaë receiving the Golden Rain, 1560-65, Museo del Prado, P425).Danaë depicts the moment

Saint Jerome in Penitence
Oil on canvas. 1546
Lotto, Lorenzo
Saint Jerome in Penitence
Oil on canvas. 1546
Lotto, Lorenzo

Lorenzo Lotto`s various depictions of the penitent Saint Jerome span early versions influenced by Albrecht Dürer and Giovanni Bellini (Musée du Louvre, Paris, 1506) and by young Raphael (Museo Nazionale di Castel Sant`Angelo, Rome, c.1509), to his most personal interpretations from the 1540s. Lotto`s Libro dei Conti (Book of Accounts) lists four paintings between 1544 and 1546 with thi

The Extraction of the Stone of Madness
Oil on oak panel. 1501 - 1505
Bosch, Hieronymus
The Extraction of the Stone of Madness
Oil on oak panel. 1501 - 1505
Bosch, Hieronymus

In the centre of a rectangular surface Bosch incised a circle in which he depicted this scene of Extracting the stone of madness. The resulting image is a mirror that offers a reflection of folly and human madness, located in a rural world remote from that of the nobility and urban life, hence the setting in the countryside in an open landscape. As found in miniature painting of the time, the arti

The Virgin and Child
Oil on panel. 1527 - 1530
Gossaert, Jan (Jean Gossart, Also Called Mabuse)
The Virgin and Child
Oil on panel. 1527 - 1530
Gossaert, Jan (Jean Gossart, Also Called Mabuse)

Mary sits in front of a Renaissance shrine. The figures look like sculptures, as was customary in Gossaert from 1508-1509 on. They reflect his study of ancient sculptures and the drawings he made during his trip to Rome in the company of his patron, Phillip de Bourgogne. Despite the plastic character of his Romanism, there are also echoes of Raphael in the pyramidal composition. Faithful to the Fl

Sir Thomas More
Oil on panel. 1625 - 1630
Rubens, Peter Paul
Sir Thomas More
Oil on panel. 1625 - 1630
Rubens, Peter Paul

This is a free copy of Hans Holbein´s portrait of the Thomas More, the English humanist and statesman. He wears a cape with a fur collar and a magistrate´s cap. In his hands, he holds a paper alluding to his condition as an intellectual. Holbein was a favorite of Rubens, who copied his works on numerous occasions, especially at the beginning of his career. The present portrait was made in the sixt

Pietro Maria Rossi, Count of San Secondo
Oil on panel. 1535 - 1538
Parmigianino. Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola
Pietro Maria Rossi, Count of San Secondo
Oil on panel. 1535 - 1538
Parmigianino. Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola

Educated as a young man in France and Florence, in 1527 Pier Maria Rossi (1504-1547), Seventh Count of San Secondo, was in the service of Clement VII but that same year entered the employment of Charles V. Vasari recounts that Parmigianino (to whom this work has been unanimously attributed following its restoration) escaped from Parma to San Secondo in around 1538 in order to avoid problems relati

Christ carrying the Cross
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1565
Titian (Tiziano Vecellio)
Christ carrying the Cross
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1565
Titian (Tiziano Vecellio)

Renaissance painting abounds with representations of Christ bearing the cross on the road to Calvary, either as an isolated figure, or with an executioner assailing him, or accompanied by soldiers, curious bystanders and followers, among whom the depiction of Simon of Cyrene is relatively common. According to three of the evangelists (Matthew 27:32-33, Mark 15:21-22, and Luke 23:26-27), Simon carr

Joanna of Austria, sister of King Philip II of Spain, Princess of Portugal
Oil on canvas. Early Finales del siglo XVI - XVII century
Pantoja de la Cruz, Juan
Joanna of Austria, sister of King Philip II of Spain, Princess of Portugal
Oil on canvas. Early Finales del siglo XVI - XVII century
Pantoja de la Cruz, Juan

Joanna, the daughter of Charles V and Isabella of Portugal was born in 1535, and later married her cousin Joao Manuel, prince of Brazil. On the death of her husband in 1554, and having soon after given birth to their son, Don Sebastián, she left Portugal and returned to Spain, where she died in 1573.

Self-portrait
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1562
Titian (Tiziano Vecellio)
Self-portrait
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1562
Titian (Tiziano Vecellio)

Titian painted his first self-portrait before leaving for Rome in 1545. However, it was after his Roman stay that he showed the most interest in disseminating his image in order to fully establish his position in a context of intense rivalry with Michelangelo. In 1549 Paolo Giovio acquired a self-portrait by the artist for his Museo in Como, while in 1550 the painter had another one sent to Charle

Portrait of a Humanist
Oil on panel. Ca. 1540
Scorel, Jan Van (Attributed To)
Portrait of a Humanist
Oil on panel. Ca. 1540
Scorel, Jan Van (Attributed To)

Although this panel is not documented, it has been attributed to Scorel since its attribution by Hoogewerff in 1923.The artist depicts the unknown humanist half-length in front of a landscape. Scorel’s time in Venice in 1520 acquainted him with the work of the artists working there, in particular Lorenzo Lotto.The latter had a major influence on his portraits, some of which reveal Scorel’s love of

Emperor Maximilian II
Oil on canvas. 1550
Mor, Anthonis
Emperor Maximilian II
Oil on canvas. 1550
Mor, Anthonis

The son of Ferdinand of Austria, then King of Romans and next emperor (1556-1564) of the Germanic Holy Roman Empire, and his wife Anna Jagellonica, queen of Hungary and Bohemia, was born in Vienna on 1 August 1527. He was educated in Spain alongside his cousin, the future Philip II, and from an early age practiced the profession of arms, later on entering combat on the side of Emperor Charles V (1

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