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Joseph and the Wife of Putiphar
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1555
Tintoretto, Jacopo Robusti
Joseph and the Wife of Putiphar
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1555
Tintoretto, Jacopo Robusti

Joseph is a handsome and virtuous slave falsely accused of rape by his master´s wife, whose advances he has rejected. He is imprisoned, but eventually raised to the highest office by Pharaoh (Exodus: 39). Joseph and the Wife of Putiphar and Susannah and the Elders (P386) can be understood as parables of righteousness threatened and preserved, but here -as was usual for artists of the Renaissance a

The High Priest Aaron
Oil on panel. 1545 - 1550
Juanes, Juan de (Vicente Juan Masip)
The High Priest Aaron
Oil on panel. 1545 - 1550
Juanes, Juan de (Vicente Juan Masip)

Taken together, these three works clearly convey a Eucharistic meaning. They depict Christ holding up the chalice and the Host (P00844), flanked by two Old Testament figures: King Melchizedek, bearing bread and wine (P00853), and the priest Aaron with a jar of incense (P00854). The three panels were part of the tabernacle of the high altar in the church of the Birth of the Virgin in Fuente de la H

The Birth of the Virgin. The Annunciation. The Adoration of the Shepherds
Oil on panel. Before 1550
Coxcie, Michiel
The Birth of the Virgin. The Annunciation. The Adoration of the Shepherds
Oil on panel. Before 1550
Coxcie, Michiel

This triptych was made for the cathedral of Saints Michael and Gudule in Brussels and later sold "to Spain for a very high price" according to Carel van Mander (1604). Philip II donated it to El Escorial in 1586. A fine Romanist, Coxcie remained faithful to what he had learned in Italy: the old lady reading in The Nativity is a copy of the Persian Sybil that Michelangelo painted in the dome of the

The Burial of Christ
Oil on canvas. 1572
Titian (Tiziano Vecellio)
The Burial of Christ
Oil on canvas. 1572
Titian (Tiziano Vecellio)

Titian represented the Gospel account of the burial of Christ (Matthew 27: 57-61; Mark 15: 44-47; Luke 23: 50-54; John 19: 38-42) on several occasions. There is a notable difference between his first version (Paris, Louvre) of around 1526 which is clearly indebted to Raphael´s painting of that subject (Rome, Galleria Borghese), and his other versions painted between 1559 and 1572. The main differe

The Surgeon, or The Extraction of the Stone of Madness
Oil on panel. 1550 - 1555
Hemessen, Jan Sanders Van
The Surgeon, or The Extraction of the Stone of Madness
Oil on panel. 1550 - 1555
Hemessen, Jan Sanders Van

A surgeon extracts a stone from a patient´s head. The scene takes place in an urban setting, probably a market. An aged helper holds the patient´s head, along with a youth, who prepares the unguents. Meanwhile, another patient grimaces grotesquely while waiting his turn. Hemessen criticizes the defrauding of patients by depicting the doctor with a sarcastic expression that reveals him as an impost

Lazarus and Dives
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1570
Bassano, Leandro
Lazarus and Dives
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1570
Bassano, Leandro

The parable of Lazarus (Luke 16: 19-31) has been interpreted in many ways: an apology of charitable works; a comparison between salvation and perdition, and between gentiles (Lazarus) and Jews (Epulon, the rich man); and the dogs who lick Lazarus´s sores have even been held to be an allusion to the Dominican preachers and their miraculous cures. Aikema has provided examples of sermons and contempo

The Descent from the Cross
Oil on panel. Ca. 1545
Correa de Vivar, Juan
The Descent from the Cross
Oil on panel. Ca. 1545
Correa de Vivar, Juan

This New Testament scene depicts the Descent from the Cross of Christ´s body (Matthew 28, 57-61; Mark 15, 42-47; Luke 23, 50-55; John 19, 38-42). Joseph of Arimathea, Nicodemus and Saint John the Evangelist remove the nails and take down the Holy Body, while Mary Magdalene laments at his feet and the Virgin is consoled by other holy women. This is considered one of Correa´s finest works. The balan

The Descent from the Cross
Oil on copperplate. Ca. 1550
Allori, Alessandro
The Descent from the Cross
Oil on copperplate. Ca. 1550
Allori, Alessandro

Christ´s dead body is taken off the Cross by Joseph of Arimathea, Nicodemus and Saint John the Evangelist. Among the people at his feet are the Virgin Mary, the mother of Joseph —also called Mary— as well as Salomé and Mary Magdalene, who raises her arms as a sign of her suffering. The good and bad thieves are crucified on trees. This scene follows the New Testament story of the Jesus´ desc

Landscape with Shepherds
Oil on panel. Ca. 1560
Dalem, Cornelis Van
Landscape with Shepherds
Oil on panel. Ca. 1560
Dalem, Cornelis Van

This view reflects the new approach to mountain landscapes introduced by Pieter Bruegel the Elder in the 1550s. In comparison to Patinir’s fragmented vision, it presents the landscape as a completed whole. The mountains are the real subject of the work, with the figures merely pretexts for depicting them.

The Virgin and Child with the Infant Saint John the Baptist
Oil on panel. Ca. 1570
Morales, Luis de
The Virgin and Child with the Infant Saint John the Baptist
Oil on panel. Ca. 1570
Morales, Luis de

Morales here presents us with one of his most successful and heartwarming subjects, that of the Virgin and Child, although he also includes in this case the figure of the infant St John the Baptist, who looks out at the viewer with his blue eyes and, with a Harpocratic gesture, asks for silence so that Jesus’s sleep will not be disturbed. Illuminated by a strong light source, the scene stands out

The Death of the Virgin
Oil on panel. 1546 - 1550
Correa de Vivar, Juan
The Death of the Virgin
Oil on panel. 1546 - 1550
Correa de Vivar, Juan

Surrounded by the apostles, Mary lies on her deathbed. Dressed as a priest, Saint Peter gives her a lit candle, while Saint John and another apostle read the Holy Scriptures beside her. The scene of the Assumption is visible through the open window. Maintaining certain elements of the work of his teacher, Juan de Borgoña, such as the human types and the palette; in this work Correa reveals

Moses saved from the waters
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1555
Tintoretto, Jacopo Robusti
Moses saved from the waters
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1555
Tintoretto, Jacopo Robusti

This is one of seven canvases (P00386, P00388, P00389, P00393, P00394, P00395, P00396) in a group linked by the same color scheme, a general accentuation of surface drawing and a rhythm of curved forms that link on painting to another. The scenes were designed to be seen together, at a certain height and laid out on canvases conceived as inclined planes that converged on a central painting. Clearl

John Frederick I of Saxony
Oil on canvas. 1548
Titian (Tiziano Vecellio)
John Frederick I of Saxony
Oil on canvas. 1548
Titian (Tiziano Vecellio)

John Frederick I of Saxony (Torgau, 30 June 1503–Jena, 3 March 1554), Duke of Saxony-Wittenberg from 1532, was the principal defender of Luther, a fact that brought him into conflict with Charles V. In 1546 these differences resulted in an armed conflict that culminated at Mühlberg on 24 April 1547 when the Imperial army defeated the Schmalkaldic League and captured its leaders, John Frederic

Daniele Barbaro, Patriarch of Aquileia
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1545
Titian (Tiziano Vecellio)
Daniele Barbaro, Patriarch of Aquileia
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1545
Titian (Tiziano Vecellio)

Described by Lodovico Dolce as a gentleman of great merit and infinite goodness, Daniele Barbaro (1513-1570) was from a noble Venetian family. He was educated to the highest level first in Verona and then at Padua University. A philosopher of neo-Aristotelian leanings, he became friends with important Venetian humanists, some of whom were also portrayed by Titian, such as Pietro Bembo (Washington,

García de' Medici
Oil on panel. Ca. 1550
Bronzino (Agnolo Di Cosimo)
García de' Medici
Oil on panel. Ca. 1550
Bronzino (Agnolo Di Cosimo)

This portrait of García de’Medici (1547–1562), third son of Cosimo de’Medici and Leonor de Toledo, is an excellent example of the scant interest in the depiction of children prior to the Enlightenment period. Bronzino offers a faithful rendering of a child’s small, undefined features, but presents him with the same distant, impassive pose used for adult portraits of the Florentine court amb

The Temptations of Saint Anthony Abbot
Oil on panel. 1543 - 1550
Coecke Van Aelst, Pieter
The Temptations of Saint Anthony Abbot
Oil on panel. 1543 - 1550
Coecke Van Aelst, Pieter

Saint Anthony is tempted by the Devil, transformed into a beautiful naked woman accompanied by a witch. The burning city in the background, the monsters and other elements are derived from Bosch (c. 1450-1516). However, the figures of Saint Anthony, the witch and particularly the female nude reveal Van Aelst’s assimilation of the new Italian Renaissance idiom.

Leda and the Swan
Oil on panel. First half of the XVI century
Pencz, Georg
Leda and the Swan
Oil on panel. First half of the XVI century
Pencz, Georg

El pintor ha representado a una joven semidesnuda apoyada sobre cojines y paños de brocado, rodeada por tres niños. A su lado aparece el cisne en que Júpiter se ha transformado para seducir a la muchacha, todo sobre un fondo de paisaje.

Philip II
Oil on canvas. 1549 - 1550
Titian (Tiziano Vecellio) (Workshop Of)
Philip II
Oil on canvas. 1549 - 1550
Titian (Tiziano Vecellio) (Workshop Of)

Philip II (r. 1556-98) was Titian´s most important patron, and together they forged one of the most fruitful artistic relationships of the European Renaissance. Philip surpassed all of the Venetian painter´s previous patrons both in the number of commissions and in their variety. Unlike his father, Emperor Charles V (r. 1519-56), Philip was not satisfied with only portraits and devotional works; h

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