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Still Life with a Maid
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1633
Snyders, Frans
Still Life with a Maid
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1633
Snyders, Frans

This opulent still-life scene typical of the Baroque Flemish school includes a human figure and two animals, as was common in the period, in accordance with the tastes of the clients, whose wealth and prosperity was also reflected in this genre of paintings. Snyders´ clientele were members of the nobility and haute bourgeoisie who were interested in his paintings as testimonies to wealth as well a

Still Life with Cardoon, Francolin, Grapes and Irises
Oil on canvas. 1628
Ramírez, Felipe
Still Life with Cardoon, Francolin, Grapes and Irises
Oil on canvas. 1628
Ramírez, Felipe

Because this work is signed and dated, it reveals the existence of a painter by the name of Felipe Ramírez, although art historians know virtually nothing else about him. This lovely example of his work makes it clear, however, that he continued the tradition of the variety of still life cultivated by Juan Sánchez Cotán (1560-1627), an artist who is considered the most origina

Village Kitchen
Oil on panel. Ca. 1632
Ostade, Adriaen Van
Village Kitchen
Oil on panel. Ca. 1632
Ostade, Adriaen Van

This work belongs to the so-called peasant interiors, one of the new genres of painting that emerged and developed in Flanders and Holland in the early seventeenth century. In Houbraken and in early inventories they are described as een boertje (a little peasant) or as toeback rookerchen (tobacco smokers). The consolidation and appreciation of this genre was fostered by the satirical and moralisin

The Apparition of Saint Peter to Saint Peter Nolasco
Oil on canvas. 1629
Zurbarán, Francisco de
The Apparition of Saint Peter to Saint Peter Nolasco
Oil on canvas. 1629
Zurbarán, Francisco de

Saint Peter Nolasco, founded the order of Our Lady of Mercy, also known as the Mercederians, whose main objective was to rescue Christians held captive by the Muslims. The convent of la Merced Calzada for which this work was painted had been founded by Ferdinand III in 1249 -the year Pedro Nolasco died- but it was entirely reconstructed in the early 17th century. In August 1628, Zurbarán wa

Philip IV
Oil on canvas. 1626 - 1628
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y
Philip IV
Oil on canvas. 1626 - 1628
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y

This is an extraordinary example of the eventful life of many royal portraits during the Siglo de Oro, and it shows just how much those paintings, rather than immutable artworks, were objects with a representative function and could thus be altered depending on the use they were assigned at any given time. The present bust portrait depicts King Philp IV (1605-1665) in the mid 1620s, when he was ju

The Spinners, or the Fable of Arachne
Oil on canvas. 1655 - 1660
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y
The Spinners, or the Fable of Arachne
Oil on canvas. 1655 - 1660
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y

This painting is the result of two acts carried out in different periods. First, Velázquez painted the surface occupied by the figures and the tapestry in the background. Later, in the 18th century, a wide strip (with the arch and oculus) was added to the top, along with narrower ones on the left, right and bottom (these additions are not visible in the current presentation of this work). T

Saint Sebastian
Oil on canvas. 1656
Carreño de Miranda, Juan
Saint Sebastian
Oil on canvas. 1656
Carreño de Miranda, Juan

Today, Juan Carreño, who was appointed Chamber Painter to the King in 1671, is best remembered for his portraits from the court of Charles II, but, in fact, most of his paintings are devotional. Such works abounded at churches, convents, and private homes in Madrid and its surroundings, and they contributed to the artist´s growing renown. Chief among them is the artist´s Saint Sebastian. Ac

The Concert
Oil on panel. Ca. 1875
Palmaroli y González, Vicente
The Concert
Oil on panel. Ca. 1875
Palmaroli y González, Vicente

An enormously versatile painter, Palmaroli also produced the small-format paintings known as tableautins popular with collectors at this period. Following Fortuny, his numerous genre scenes deploy a brilliant chromatic range and an extremely virtuoso technique. They depict inconsequential subjects, often inspired by the 18th century and set in richly decorated interiors that on occasions include i

Petronella de Waert
Oil on canvas. 1670
Borch II, Gerard Ter
Petronella de Waert
Oil on canvas. 1670
Borch II, Gerard Ter

This painting formed part of the collection of the Marquis of Castro-Serna (Madrid) where, according to Michel (1887) -who repeats information given by Alfonso de Stuers- it appeared in 1887 as a pendant to the portrait of Nicolaes Pancras (whereabouts unknown). Gudlaugsson (1959) assumes that both were replicas of the original portraits of Nicolaes Pancras and Petronella de Waert (current whereab

The Death of Saint Bruno
Oil on canvas. 1626 - 1628
Carducho, Vicente
The Death of Saint Bruno
Oil on canvas. 1626 - 1628
Carducho, Vicente

On August 29, 1626, King Philip IV’s painter, Vicente Carducho (ca. 1576-1638), signed a contract for the creation of a cycle of paintings to celebrate the founding of the Carthusian Order by Saint Bruno and its leading members. This colossal undertaking sought to visually narrate numerous episodes from the Carthusians’ history and tradition. It was the most complete commission ever dedicated to t

Christ on the Cross
Oil on canvas. 1604
Barocci, Federico
Christ on the Cross
Oil on canvas. 1604
Barocci, Federico

Along with its religious emotiveness and the perfect rendering of Christ´s anatomy, the most attractive aspect of this composition is the landscape, which reproduces the view of the via San Giovanni from Barocci´s house in Urbino. In the foreground on the right is the Convent of Santa Caterina and the Ducal Palace with the “mercatale” spreading from its base right up to the Hermitage of San Rocco

The Adoration of the Shepherds
Oil on unlined canvas. 1628
Cavedone, Giacomo
The Adoration of the Shepherds
Oil on unlined canvas. 1628
Cavedone, Giacomo

This work repeats the canvas painted in 1613 and 1614 for the Arrigoni Chapel at San Polo Maggiore in Bologna, although there are some differences in the foreground, the Heavens with Putti and the objects that make up the still life. Its contents mix Venetian memories with hints of Caravaggio and an evident debt to Guido Reni, who had recently returned from Rome. There is a preparatory drawing for

Landscape with a flock of sheep
Oil on canvas. 1870 - 1878
Martí Alsina, Ramón
Landscape with a flock of sheep
Oil on canvas. 1870 - 1878
Martí Alsina, Ramón

Ramón Martí Alsina trained as an artist within the spirit of Romanticism. However, after several visits to Paris from 1855 onwards, he came into contact with French realist painting and thereafter became one of the channels for the renewal of landscape painting in Spain. Together with Carlos de Haes and Martín Rico, Martí Alsina was one of the painters who introduced re

Saint Matthew and Saint John the Evangelist
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1625
Ribalta, Juan
Saint Matthew and Saint John the Evangelist
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1625
Ribalta, Juan

In this painting, two men wearing tunics kneel next to a rocky crag, past which, in the distance, a stormy landscape opens up. The elder of the two men bends over a sheaf of papers on which he writes, using the surface of a rock as a desk. The other man points his right index finger to a page, while his other hand and his feverish gaze are directed heavenward. The younger of the two is the evangel

The Birth of Saint John the Baptist
Oil on canvas. 1628 - 1629
Sacchi, Andrea
The Birth of Saint John the Baptist
Oil on canvas. 1628 - 1629
Sacchi, Andrea

The Infant Baptist is attended by four women while Zacharias thanks the heavens for the birth of his son. In the middle ground is Saint Elizabeth. The intense colours allow the painting to be dated to the early years of the artist’s career. A pupil of Albani (1578-1660) and the teacher of Maratta (1625-1713), Sacchi played an important role in the development of the most classical type of Baroque

Unknown Lady
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1628
Dyck, Anthony Van
Unknown Lady
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1628
Dyck, Anthony Van

Wearing black, with a broad, Spanish-style ruff collar and a three-strand necklace that she grasps in her right hand, this lady is presented to the viewer as serene and haughty. The influence of Anthonis Mor (1519-1576) on the conception of this portrait is appreciable in its verticality and its strictly black background. While the model's clothing is of an earlier style, this work has been dated

The Holy Family with Saint Anne
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1630
Rubens, Peter Paul
The Holy Family with Saint Anne
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1630
Rubens, Peter Paul

Peter Paul Rubens, the Flemish Baroque artist, was also a humanist scholar, art collector, and diplomat. In 1628, Rubens went to Madrid to meet with Philip IV, King of Spain (1621-1665), as part of his efforts to negotiate a peace treaty between Spain and England, and during his stay the Flemish artist painted, among other subjects, portraits of the Spanish royal family. A patron of the arts, Phil

Philip IV
Oil on canvas. 1623
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y
Philip IV
Oil on canvas. 1623
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y

We see King Philip IV of Spain (r. 1621-1665) when he was around twenty years old in an austere image filled with references to his status and responsibilities and to the reformist intentions with which he began his reign. The sword on whose hilt his left hand rests and the desk bearing a top allude to the administration of justice and the defense of his kingdoms. The Golden Fleece hanging at his

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