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Aesop
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1638
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y
Aesop
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1638
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y

Aesop and Menippus are first listed in the inventory of the Torre de la Parada between 1701 and 1703. Among other works, this hunting lodge had a vast cycle of mythological paintings made by Rubens and his assistants, as well as some of Velázquez’s portraits of buffoons and member of the royal family dressed as hunters. The inventory also lists Rubens’s Democritus and Heraclitus, which is p

Saint Bruno Encounters the Count of Sicily and Calabria
Oil on canvas. 1626 - 1632
Carducho, Vicente
Saint Bruno Encounters the Count of Sicily and Calabria
Oil on canvas. 1626 - 1632
Carducho, Vicente

On August 29, 1626, King Philip IV’s painter, Vicente Carducho (ca. 1576-1638), signed a contract for the creation of a cycle of paintings to celebrate the founding of the Carthusian Order by Saint Bruno and its leading members. This colossal undertaking sought to visually narrate numerous episodes from the Carthusians’ history and tradition. It was the most complete commission ever dedicated to t

Still Life with a silver beaker and a clock
Oil on panel. 1633
Heda, Willem Claesz
Still Life with a silver beaker and a clock
Oil on panel. 1633
Heda, Willem Claesz

In addition to the Roemer goblet, other glasses common in this kind of monochrome still life presented here include the Berkemeyer, in this case tipped over and broken, and the delicate Façon-de-Venise wineglass, in fashion at the time and likewise made in the Netherlands. Also featured is an exquisitely decorated silver goblet. Alongside them is a knife with a sheath and an open clock that

Still Life with a Maid
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1633
Snyders, Frans
Still Life with a Maid
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1633
Snyders, Frans

This opulent still-life scene typical of the Baroque Flemish school includes a human figure and two animals, as was common in the period, in accordance with the tastes of the clients, whose wealth and prosperity was also reflected in this genre of paintings. Snyders´ clientele were members of the nobility and haute bourgeoisie who were interested in his paintings as testimonies to wealth as well a

The Persecution of the Harpies
Oil on canvas. 1636 - 1638
Quellinus, Erasmus
The Persecution of the Harpies
Oil on canvas. 1636 - 1638
Quellinus, Erasmus

Las Harpías, seres mitológicos mitad mujer mitad pájaro, son perseguidas por Zetes y Calais, los hijos alados de Boreas. Esta historia es narrada por Ovidio pero de manera muy breve en las Metamorfosis en el libro VII (3-4): "(...) Los jóvenes hijos del Aquilón habían ahuyentado de la boca del desdichado anciano a los pájaros con cabeza de doncella”. Sin embargo S. Alpers, autora del único estudio

Still Life with fish, a candle, artichokes, crab and prawns
Oil on panel. 1611
Peeters, Clara
Still Life with fish, a candle, artichokes, crab and prawns
Oil on panel. 1611
Peeters, Clara

On what appears to be a wooden table or ledge we see boiled crabs and shrimp, several freshwater fish (two carp, a roach, possibly several ide, and a northern pike), a dark glass goblet, a brass candlestick with a partially burnt but flameless candle, a copper strainer with a brass skimmer and two artichokes, and a Rhenish stoneware jug. Reflected on its lid is a self-portrait of the artist with a

Smokers and Drinkers
Oil on panel. 1652
Teniers The Younger, David
Smokers and Drinkers
Oil on panel. 1652
Teniers The Younger, David

Three figures enjoy tobacco in an expressive manner in the foreground while an onlooker leans through the window. Around a table in the background, another group of figures drinks or plays cards. This is an example of scenes inside taverns with smokers, drinkers and players, which Teniers made during the sixteen thirties. He began with figures by his teacher, Adriaen Brouwer (1605/1606-1638), whic

Landscape with Carmelites
Oil on canvas. 1634 - 1639
Both, Jan
Landscape with Carmelites
Oil on canvas. 1634 - 1639
Both, Jan

This painting entered the Museum as an original work by Jan Both, attribution that has been maintained in the catalogues until the present day. In 1973 Valdivieso identifies it as the picture listed in the 1701 inventory of the Palace of the Buen Retiro and retains the ascription to Jan Both, which is supported by Luna (1984) and Capitelli (2005). Burke (1976) refers to it without an attribution.B

The Vision of Dionisio Rickel, The Carthusian
Oil on canvas. 1626 - 1632
Carducho, Vicente
The Vision of Dionisio Rickel, The Carthusian
Oil on canvas. 1626 - 1632
Carducho, Vicente

On August 29, 1626, King Philip IV’s painter, Vicente Carducho (ca. 1576-1638), signed a contract for the creation of a cycle of paintings to celebrate the founding of the Carthusian Order by Saint Bruno and its leading members. This colossal undertaking sought to visually narrate numerous episodes from the Carthusians’ history and tradition. It was the most complete commission ever dedicated to t

Bacchus and Ariadne
Oil on canvas. 1636 - 1638
Quellinus, Erasmus
Bacchus and Ariadne
Oil on canvas. 1636 - 1638
Quellinus, Erasmus

La historia de Ariadna y el dios tiene dos momentos fundamentales: uno es el encuentro entre ellos en la isla de Naxos después de que ésta fuera abandonada allí por Teseo, tema que representó Tiziano para Alfonso I de Este y que ceunta Ovidio en las Metamorfosis en el libro VIII (174-182): "(...) El hijo de Egeo raptó a la hija de Minos, largó velas rumbo a Día, y en aquella playa abandonó, cruel,

Saint Bruno Refuses the Archbishopric of Reggio Calabria
Oil on canvas. 1626 - 1632
Carducho, Vicente
Saint Bruno Refuses the Archbishopric of Reggio Calabria
Oil on canvas. 1626 - 1632
Carducho, Vicente

On August 29, 1626, King Philip IV’s painter, Vicente Carducho (ca. 1576-1638), signed a contract for the creation of a cycle of paintings to celebrate the founding of the Carthusian Order by Saint Bruno and its leading members. This colossal undertaking sought to visually narrate numerous episodes from the Carthusians’ history and tradition. It was the most complete commission ever dedicated to t

The Martyrdom of the Roermond Carthusians
Oil on canvas. 1626 - 1632
Carducho, Vicente
The Martyrdom of the Roermond Carthusians
Oil on canvas. 1626 - 1632
Carducho, Vicente

On August 29, 1626, King Philip IV’s painter, Vicente Carducho (ca. 1576-1638), signed a contract for the creation of a cycle of paintings to celebrate the founding of the Carthusian Order by Saint Bruno and its leading members. This colossal undertaking sought to visually narrate numerous episodes from the Carthusians’ history and tradition. It was the most complete commission ever dedicated to t

Landscape with a Carthusian (Saint Bruno?)
Oil on canvas. 1636 - 1638
Swanevelt, Herman Van
Landscape with a Carthusian (Saint Bruno?)
Oil on canvas. 1636 - 1638
Swanevelt, Herman Van

The painting entered the Museum holdings as an original work by Jan Both. In 1959 Blunt identifies it as the landscape listed in the 1701 inventory of the Palace of the Buen Retiro and maintains the attribution to Both, as does Roethlisberger (1961). However, Waddingham (1960) ascribes it to Herman van Swanevelt, an attribution backed by Luna (1984) and officially adopted by the Museum in 1985. Th

Heraclitus, the Crying Philosopher
Oil on canvas. 1636 - 1638
Rubens, Peter Paul (Workshop Of)
Heraclitus, the Crying Philosopher
Oil on canvas. 1636 - 1638
Rubens, Peter Paul (Workshop Of)

The Greek philosopher, Heraclitus of Ephesus (540-470 B.C.), wears a black tunic and leans on a stone, weeping. He embodies the idea of a tragic sense of life, thinking about the future form a lonely and pessimistic point of view. This work was made for the Torre de la Parada, a small royal palace near Madrid, and contrasts with the thinking of Democritus (P01682), with which it was paired.

Saint Bruno Appears to Rogerio Guiscardo, Count of Apulia and Calabria
Oil on canvas. 1626 - 1632
Carducho, Vicente
Saint Bruno Appears to Rogerio Guiscardo, Count of Apulia and Calabria
Oil on canvas. 1626 - 1632
Carducho, Vicente

On August 29, 1626, King Philip IV’s painter, Vicente Carducho (ca. 1576-1638), signed a contract for the creation of a cycle of paintings to celebrate the founding of the Carthusian Order by Saint Bruno and its leading members. This colossal undertaking sought to visually narrate numerous episodes from the Carthusians’ history and tradition. It was the most complete commission ever dedicated to t

The Martyrdom of Fathers John Rochester and James Walworth
Oil on canvas. 1626 - 1632
Carducho, Vicente
The Martyrdom of Fathers John Rochester and James Walworth
Oil on canvas. 1626 - 1632
Carducho, Vicente

On August 29, 1626, King Philip IV’s painter, Vicente Carducho (ca. 1576-1638), signed a contract for the creation of a cycle of paintings to celebrate the founding of the Carthusian Order by Saint Bruno and its leading members. This colossal undertaking sought to visually narrate numerous episodes from the Carthusians’ history and tradition. It was the most complete commission ever dedicated to t

Rustic Concert
Oil on panel. 1638
Ostade, Adriaen Van
Rustic Concert
Oil on panel. 1638
Ostade, Adriaen Van

This work belongs to the so-called peasant interiors, one of the new genres of painting that emerged and developed in Flanders and Holland in the early seventeenth century. In Houbraken and in early inventories they are described as een boertje, (a little peasant), or as toeback rookerchen, (tobacco smokers). The consolidation and appreciation of this genre was fostered by the satirical and morali

Jacob's Journey
Oil on canvas. 1635 - 1665
Lione, Andrea Di
Jacob's Journey
Oil on canvas. 1635 - 1665
Lione, Andrea Di

Like many other works by Andrea di Lione, Jacob’s journey, c.1635-65, was previously attributed to Genoese painter Giovanni Benedetto Castiglione (Il Grechetto). It is one of the most successful landscapes with figures by Lione, who first studied with battle painter Aniello Falcone (1607-1656) and later developed a more bucolic manner under the influence of Castiglione, whom he lived alongside in

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