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The Fruit Vendors
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1650
Espinosa, Jerónimo Jacinto
The Fruit Vendors
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1650
Espinosa, Jerónimo Jacinto

A poor student is handing over some coins to a fruit-seller as he makes a knot in the handkerchief, clinched in his teeth, to put away the change. On the right side, in the immediate foreground, a young man biting on a chunk of melon stares at us. He is holding a basket full of fruit, which, besides the melons on the left, is one of the most attractive parts of this splendid “still life with figur

Octagonal Still Life with Bunches of Grapes
Oil on canvas. 1646
Espinosa, Juan de
Octagonal Still Life with Bunches of Grapes
Oil on canvas. 1646
Espinosa, Juan de

The octagonal format of this painting makes it unique among still lifes in seventeenth-century Spain (and, indeed, the rest of Europe), in which rectangular supports predominated. This peculiarity has important consequences in terms of the compositional organisation of the piece and accentuates the work´s status as a witty game and an occasion to display the artist´s technical abilities. The objec

Hercules defeats King Geryon
Oil on canvas. 1634
Zurbarán, Francisco de
Hercules defeats King Geryon
Oil on canvas. 1634
Zurbarán, Francisco de

This painting depicts the moment after Hercules has killed King Geryon, identified by the crown on his head. The monarch had come to defend his herd of oxen and cows after the god Eurystheus had ordered Hercules to steal them.This work is part of a series of ten paintings that Francisco de Zurbarán was commissioned to paint in 1634 as decoration for the Hall of Realms in the Buen Retiro Pal

Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange
Oil on canvas mounted on panel. 1631 - 1632
Dyck, Anthony Van
Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange
Oil on canvas mounted on panel. 1631 - 1632
Dyck, Anthony Van

Hijo de Guillermo de Orange y de Luisa de Coligny, a la muerte de Mauricio de Nassau continúa la lucha por la independencia de Holanda. Militar de fuerte personalidad y sólido carácter; Van Dyck lo simboliza en la pared y la pilastra de piedra que finge a espaldas del retrato. El casamiento de sus hijos con príncipes de Inglaterra y de Alemania consolida su prestigio en Europa. Fue elegido stadtho

The Triumph of David
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1630
Poussin, Nicolas
The Triumph of David
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1630
Poussin, Nicolas

In an architectural setting, a winged Victory crowns David with a laurel wreath. The latter holds his sword with one hand and looks directly at Goliath´s decapitated head, which rests on some pieces of armor. Three putti complete the group. One of them plays an instrument while another hands Victory the royal crown destined for David. This image alludes to a passage from the Old Testament (Samuel

Marianne of Austria
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1646
Luycks, Frans
Marianne of Austria
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1646
Luycks, Frans

La muerte del infante Baltasar Carlos el 9 de octubre de 1646 frustró el enlace con su prima Mariana y dejó al país, que ya estaba sin reina -Isabel de Borbón había muerto el 6 de octubre de 1644-, sin heredero varón. Pese a su tristeza, la situación política obligaba al rey a casarse de nuevo y, a los ojos de Fernando III, Mariana seguía siendo la candidata perfecta. Sin embargo, sus apenas once

Venetian Lady
Oil on canvas. Mid-XVIIcentury
Anonymous
Venetian Lady
Oil on canvas. Mid-XVIIcentury
Anonymous

The seated model is sumptuously dressed, with silver-lamé collar and cuffs, a pearl choker and a very dark green dress with silver decorations on her skirt and gold ones on the bodice and sleeves. She has flowers in her hair and long earrings. The heavy crimson velvet curtain behind her is echoed by a matching mat on the buffet. The scene opens onto an urban background that recalls the city

View of Zaragoza
Oil on canvas. 1647
Martínez del Mazo, Juan Bautista
View of Zaragoza
Oil on canvas. 1647
Martínez del Mazo, Juan Bautista

The view is from the riverbank opposite the city, where several groups of people are spread out, enlivening the composition. In the background one can see Saragossa´s main buildings and Felipe IV entering the city. The work was commissioned by Prince Baltasar Carlos, who indicated the exact viewpoint from which it was to be painted, and the artist used it as an opportunity to recreate a magnificen

The Dead Christ supported by an Angel
Oil on canvas. 1646 - 1652
Cano, Alonso
The Dead Christ supported by an Angel
Oil on canvas. 1646 - 1652
Cano, Alonso

Cano lived in Madrid on two different occasions. The first (1638-1651), during which he was able to study the Royal Collection, absolutely transformed his concept of color and brushstrokes. Contact with Flemish and Italian painting, as well as his friendship with Velázquez, were determinant in that radical change. The present Dead Christ Supported by an Angel belongs to the end of that stay

Saint Francis Preaching to the Birds
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1646
Carreño de Miranda, Juan
Saint Francis Preaching to the Birds
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1646
Carreño de Miranda, Juan

In 1724, Antonio Palomino, who had been Juan Carreño de Miranda’s disciple, included his teacher’s biography in his Parnaso español pintoresco y laureado. Their close relationship makes that text a highly informative source of first-hand information. Palomino wrote: Two other works by his hand (though early) are the paintings on the facing side walls of the church of El Caballero de

Christ carrying the Cross
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1565
Titian (Tiziano Vecellio)
Christ carrying the Cross
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1565
Titian (Tiziano Vecellio)

Renaissance painting abounds with representations of Christ bearing the cross on the road to Calvary, either as an isolated figure, or with an executioner assailing him, or accompanied by soldiers, curious bystanders and followers, among whom the depiction of Simon of Cyrene is relatively common. According to three of the evangelists (Matthew 27:32-33, Mark 15:21-22, and Luke 23:26-27), Simon carr

Prince Baltasar Carlos
Oil on canvas. 1645
Martínez del Mazo, Juan Bautista
Prince Baltasar Carlos
Oil on canvas. 1645
Martínez del Mazo, Juan Bautista

Baltasar Carlos (1629-1646) was the son of Philip IV and the heir to the throne. He is depicted here shortly before his early death in an image that adheres to the type devised by Velázquez for his early court portraits such as that of the Infante Don Carlos (P1188). As in that work, the sitter here wears a dark suit and holds his glove in a particularly elegant manner.

Roman Gladiators with Wooden Swords
Oil on canvas. 1635 - 1639
Romanelli, Giovanni Francesco
Roman Gladiators with Wooden Swords
Oil on canvas. 1635 - 1639
Romanelli, Giovanni Francesco

Until 1956, this painting was attributed to Pietro da Cortona, an understandable mistake, given how close Romanelli’s style was to that of his teacher. In fact, it appears as such in Charles II’s will and in the Museo del Prado’s 1845 catalog (p. 373, no. 1623), where it is mentioned for the first time as being on the staircase leading to the new Flemish rooms of the ground floor. In the 1878 cata

The Dead Christ supported by an Angel
Oil on canvas. 1646 - 1652
Cano, Alonso
The Dead Christ supported by an Angel
Oil on canvas. 1646 - 1652
Cano, Alonso

In this painting, an angel with a sorrowful expression supports the body of Christ in an upright, seated position. The clearly visible wounds on Christ´s hands indicate He has already been crucified and has died. The bloodless colour of the limbs and bowed head add to a cadaverous appearance. At His feet, the washbasin, the two nails and the crown of thorns all evoke the recent crucifixion. The an

Prince Baltasar Carlos
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1636
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y (Workshop Of)
Prince Baltasar Carlos
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1636
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y (Workshop Of)

Born to Philip IV and Elizabeth of Bourbon in 1629, Baltasar Carlos was crown prince until his death in 1646. As such, he was the subject of numerous paintings, most of which are related to Velázquez and his workshop. This group of works is of great interest for understanding the history of Spanish portraiture and the notions associated with being a prince. Thus, along with images character

Hercules and the Hydra
Oil on canvas. 1634
Zurbarán, Francisco de
Hercules and the Hydra
Oil on canvas. 1634
Zurbarán, Francisco de

The inhabitants of Lerna were terrorized by a multiheaded serpent that left a path of destruction behind. The creature was impossible to defeat because every time it lost one head, two grew in its place. Drawing on his ingenuity, Hercules cornered the serpent with fire and killed it with his club, an episode pictured in Hercules and the Hydra. Grasping his club with a powerful gesture, Hercules is

Two Kings of Spain
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1641
Cano, Alonso
Two Kings of Spain
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1641
Cano, Alonso

Along with P00632, this is the only surviving testimony to the series of likenesses of kings that adorned the monarch’s bedroom or Room of Furies at the Alcázar in Madrid, and was later at the Hall of Comedies or Golden Hall. The painters commissioned for this series were: Félix Castello, Jusepe Leonardo, Antonio Arias, Francisco Camilo, Francisco Fernández, Pedro Nú&nt

Christ and the Centurion
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1571
Veronese, Paolo (Paolo Cagliari)
Christ and the Centurion
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1571
Veronese, Paolo (Paolo Cagliari)

With a halo of sainthood over his head, Jesus extends his arm to the centurion who, having converted to the Christian faith, kneels at his feet, as told in the New Testament (Matthew 8, 5-13). The scene takes place in front of an architectural backdrop inspired by the work of the architect Andrea Palladio (1508-1580). The bright colors worn by the figures are brought out by the white of the strong

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