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Danaë and the Shower of Gold
Oil on canvas. 1560 - 1565
Titian (Tiziano Vecellio)
Danaë and the Shower of Gold
Oil on canvas. 1560 - 1565
Titian (Tiziano Vecellio)

The first Poesie presented to Prince Philip were Danaë (1553, The Wellington Collection) and Venus and Adonis (1554, Museo del Prado, P422), versions of other previous works, but endowed with all the prestige of the commissioning party. In turn, these works became models for numerous replicas (Danaë receiving the Golden Rain, 1560-65, Museo del Prado, P425).Danaë depicts the moment

Rustic Concert
Oil on panel. 1638
Ostade, Adriaen Van
Rustic Concert
Oil on panel. 1638
Ostade, Adriaen Van

This work belongs to the so-called peasant interiors, one of the new genres of painting that emerged and developed in Flanders and Holland in the early seventeenth century. In Houbraken and in early inventories they are described as een boertje, (a little peasant), or as toeback rookerchen, (tobacco smokers). The consolidation and appreciation of this genre was fostered by the satirical and morali

Saint Rosalia
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1625
Dyck, Anthony Van
Saint Rosalia
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1625
Dyck, Anthony Van

This is one of a number of images of Saint Rosalia that Van Dyck painted in Sicily, where he lived from 1624 to 1625. It depicts the hermit saint in her cave on Mount Pellegrino near Palermo. Rosalia’s cult gained popularity during the outbreak of the plague that devastated the city in the 1620s.

Old Man reading by Candlelight
Oil on canvas. 1700 - 1706
Schalcken, Godfried
Old Man reading by Candlelight
Oil on canvas. 1700 - 1706
Schalcken, Godfried

The half-length figure of an old man is depicted against a dark background. He looks at the viewer out of the corner of his eye, with his torso turned slightly to the left and his head to the right, as he holds a candle in his right hand to light up a manuscript in his left, of which we can only see the back. Old Man reading by Candlelight is clearly a night scene, a genre in which Schalcken speci

Cardinal Juan Everardo Nithard
Oil on canvas. 1674
Arco, Alonso del
Cardinal Juan Everardo Nithard
Oil on canvas. 1674
Arco, Alonso del

Born to an Austrian Catholic family, Juan Everardo Nithard (Falkenstein, 1607-Rome, 1681)became a Jesuit. His solid grounding in theology led Emperor Ferdinand III to appoint him confessor to his children, Leopold and Mariana, and when the latter married Philip IV, he accompanied her to Madrid in the same role. Widowed, Mariana became reagent for her son, Charles, until he came of age, and during

Garland of Flowers with Saint Teresa of Jesus
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1676
Pérez, Bartolomé
Garland of Flowers with Saint Teresa of Jesus
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1676
Pérez, Bartolomé

Obra perteneciente a una serie de seis cuadros de la que sólo se conservan cinco (P1056, P1057, P5095, P5099 y P5250). Cruzada Villaamil (1865) registró los tres que incorporó a su catálogo (P1056, P5250 y P5099) entre los cuadros anónimos de la escuela valenciana, aunque con una atribución entre interrogantes a Bartolomé Pérez. En el catálogo de Madrazo del Museo del Prado de 1878, primero en el

The Lamentation
Oil on canvas. 1618 - 1620
Dyck, Anthony Van
The Lamentation
Oil on canvas. 1618 - 1620
Dyck, Anthony Van

Christ rests, lifeless, on his own shroud. He is held by his Mother, who looks imploringly to the heavens. Mary Magdalene kisses his hand while Saint John contemplates the scene from behind. The Crown, Nails and Hebrew, Greek and Latin inscription on a paper in the foreground recall the Crucifixion. Jesus’ posture on Mary’s knees and the work’s dramatic presentation are linked to the Medieval Germ

The Infant Saint John the Baptist with the Lamb
Oil on canvas. 1681
Ruiz de la Iglesia, Francisco Ignacio
The Infant Saint John the Baptist with the Lamb
Oil on canvas. 1681
Ruiz de la Iglesia, Francisco Ignacio

San Juan Bautista aparece representado con el cordero de la pasión junto al cual descansa una cruz con la inscripción Ecce Agnus Dei en la filacteria. La obra, firmada y fechada en 1681, tiene la finalidad de expresar por medio de símbolos el fin último del nacimiento y la muerte de Cristo, un asunto relativamente frecuente en la pintura española del siglo XVII, íntimamente relacionado con las rep

The Crowning with Thorns
Oil on canvas. 1618 - 1620
Dyck, Anthony Van
The Crowning with Thorns
Oil on canvas. 1618 - 1620
Dyck, Anthony Van

Various figures surround Christ and mock him. An armed soldier and an executioner place the Crown of Thorns on his head while another offers him a cane as his scepter. The scene is contemplated by two other figures through a window. This work from Van Dyck’s youth is strongly influenced by Venetian painting, and in fact, Jesus’ figure is directly based on a model by Titian. The composition, with C

Weapons and Hunting Equipment
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1700
Victoria, Vicente
Weapons and Hunting Equipment
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1700
Victoria, Vicente

Although this painting bears a curious apocryphal signature in large letters at the lower left corner of the canvas, Pérez Sanchez (1983) attributed it to Victoria in 1983 on the basis of its Valencian provenance and that clergyman’s (he was a canon) reputation for making works of this sort. But, while other collections have similar pieces, this attribution raises doubts that may eventually

Penitent Magdalene
Oil on canvas. XVII century
Anónimo Italiano
Penitent Magdalene
Oil on canvas. XVII century
Anónimo Italiano

Los cambios producidos en el pensamiento católico con los preceptos de la Contrarreforma produjo, entre otros, el auge devocional de ciertos personajes en cuyas hagiografías la penitencia tiene un papel fundamental, como san Jerónimo y santa María Magdalena. Una de las razones a tener en cuenta para explicar este éxito fue que la Iglesia fomentó vivamente las prácticas de flagelaciones grupales en

The Duke of Pastrana
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1679
Carreño de Miranda, Juan
The Duke of Pastrana
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1679
Carreño de Miranda, Juan

Here we are presented with a young man, elegantly dressed in black, standing within a landscape beside a horse whose mane is richly adorned with blue ribbons and bows. The man wears his hair very long, as was popular during the reign of Charles II, and carries a sword at his side. Hanging on his chest is a pendant with the cross of the Order of Saint James, which also appears prominently on his ca

Landscape with Rider
Oil on panel. 1660 - 1665
Anonymous
Landscape with Rider
Oil on panel. 1660 - 1665
Anonymous

Until 1972, the Museo del Prado catalogues record that the signature of M. Hobbema (with the MH intertwined) appears on the tree stump. In the 1985 catalogue this signature is said to be apocryphal. Whatever the case, recent studies of the picture have been unable to reveal any such signature. Valdivieso (1973) considers it to be an original by Jan Looten (1618-ca. 1681). The composition is remini

Charles II in armour
Oil on canvas. 1681
Carreño de Miranda, Juan
Charles II in armour
Oil on canvas. 1681
Carreño de Miranda, Juan

Charles II was born in 1661, the only son of Philip IV and his second wife (and niece), Mariana of Austria, to survive to adulthood. Charles succeeded his father in 1665 and died without an heir in 1700 at the age of 39, thus bringing to an end the Spanish Habsburg dynasty. According to the date on this portrait, the king would have been 20 years old at the time. His long hair is worn in a similar

The Immaculate Conception
Oil on canvas. 1628 - 1629
Rubens, Peter Paul
The Immaculate Conception
Oil on canvas. 1628 - 1629
Rubens, Peter Paul

Wearing a red tunic, blue robes and a crown of stars, the Virgin treads on a serpent carrying the apple of Sin, in keeping with the customary iconography for this Catholic image. By placing Mary over a globe, Rubens made one of his most striking images of the Immaculate Conception. The two angels carrying a palm and a laurel-leaf crown are a classic reference to Mary´s triumph. References to Class

Dead Cockerel
Oil on panel. 1659 - 1660
Metsu, Gabriël
Dead Cockerel
Oil on panel. 1659 - 1660
Metsu, Gabriël

Recent restoration has enabled a much better appreciation of this picture, since the thick layer of oxidised glaze that previously covered the surface made it impossible to judge the space and depth of the composition. As a result, the cockerel´s body is no longer outlined against the dark, plain background, but seen hanging from a string above a table inside some kind of architectural space -an a

The Holy Family with Saint Anne
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1630
Rubens, Peter Paul
The Holy Family with Saint Anne
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1630
Rubens, Peter Paul

Peter Paul Rubens, the Flemish Baroque artist, was also a humanist scholar, art collector, and diplomat. In 1628, Rubens went to Madrid to meet with Philip IV, King of Spain (1621-1665), as part of his efforts to negotiate a peace treaty between Spain and England, and during his stay the Flemish artist painted, among other subjects, portraits of the Spanish royal family. A patron of the arts, Phil

Massacre of the Innocents
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1663
Giordano, Luca
Massacre of the Innocents
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1663
Giordano, Luca

A. E. Pérez Sánchez publicó en 1970 su fotografía y su identificación en los inventarios antiguos de El Escorial (Madrid 1970a). En la actualidad, el formato de la obra aparece alterado en todos sus lados, principalmente por mutilaciones en la parte baja y el lado izquierdo; hasta su reciente restauración presentaba un aspecto muy desvirtuado. Hasta ese momento no se había apreciado la costura en

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