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Philip V
Oil on canvas. 1718 - 1722
Meléndez, Miguel Jacinto
Philip V
Oil on canvas. 1718 - 1722
Meléndez, Miguel Jacinto

This portrait of Philip V is based on a prototype devised by Meléndez in the 1720s. It combines a French model with the use of broad, zig-zagging brushstrokes typical of the Madrid Baroque style. The monarch´s notably idealised face is extremely delicately painted, with the paler tone of the broad brow suggesting the illumination of intelligence. Small highlights on the nose and lips emphas

Rustic Concert
Oil on panel. 1638
Ostade, Adriaen Van
Rustic Concert
Oil on panel. 1638
Ostade, Adriaen Van

This work belongs to the so-called peasant interiors, one of the new genres of painting that emerged and developed in Flanders and Holland in the early seventeenth century. In Houbraken and in early inventories they are described as een boertje, (a little peasant), or as toeback rookerchen, (tobacco smokers). The consolidation and appreciation of this genre was fostered by the satirical and morali

Felipe de Borbón y Farnesio, Infante of Spain, Duke of Parma
Oil on canvas. 1739 - 1742
Loo, Louis-Michel Van
Felipe de Borbón y Farnesio, Infante of Spain, Duke of Parma
Oil on canvas. 1739 - 1742
Loo, Louis-Michel Van

Felipe (1720-1765), the son of Philip V and Isabella Farnese, married Louise Elisabeth of France, daughter of Louis XV, in 1739. With the Peace of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748) he received the family duchies of Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla. This portrait seems to be a preparatory study for Van Loo`s The Family of Philip V, also in the Prado.

Southern Landscape with Shepherds beneath a Ruined Arch
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1647
Asselijn, Jan
Southern Landscape with Shepherds beneath a Ruined Arch
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1647
Asselijn, Jan

This scene belongs to the type of Italianate landscape which Asselijn cultivated in Holland based on drawings and sketches made from the life during his stay in Rome. Blankert (1965) dates the work to 1648. However, Steland-Stief (1971) believes it to have been painted around 1647, the first year Asselijn is documented in Amsterdam after returning from Italy, on account of the stylistic similarity

Auto-da-fé in the Plaza Mayor of Madrid
Oil on canvas. 1683
Rizi, Francisco
Auto-da-fé in the Plaza Mayor of Madrid
Oil on canvas. 1683
Rizi, Francisco

A large auto-da-fé took place in Madrid on 30 June 1680 in the Plaza Mayor, presided over by the young Charles II (reigned 1665-1700) and his mother, Mariana of Austria, who are shown here beneath a canopy. Organised by the Inquisition, autos-da-fé were public ceremonies involving prisoners condemned for crimes against religion. Rizi’s canvas is the finest and most detailed depiction

The Immaculate Conception
Oil on canvas. 1683
Arco, Alonso del
The Immaculate Conception
Oil on canvas. 1683
Arco, Alonso del

Drawn from the Apocalypse of Saint john, The Immaculate Conception is a frequent iconic subject in Spanish painting. In Madrid, especially during the second half of the 17th century, it was so frequently depicted that a specific and characteristic approach was developed. Years before he painted the present work, Alonso del Arco made a canvas on the same subject for the Jesuit Church of Alcal&aacut

Departure of Charles of Bourbon for Spain, seen from the Harbour
Oil on canvas. 1759
Joli, Antonio
Departure of Charles of Bourbon for Spain, seen from the Harbour
Oil on canvas. 1759
Joli, Antonio

A depiction of the port of Naples on 6 October 1759, when Charles of Bourbon (1716-1788) left for Spain, where he would reign under the name of Carlos III. son of Felipe V (1683-1746) and Isabel de Farnesio (1692-1776), Carlos was king of Naples and Sicily until his brother, Fernando VI (1713-1759) died without issue, obliging Carlos to return to Spain. The scene shows the bay of Naples with the v

The Duke of Pastrana
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1679
Carreño de Miranda, Juan
The Duke of Pastrana
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1679
Carreño de Miranda, Juan

Here we are presented with a young man, elegantly dressed in black, standing within a landscape beside a horse whose mane is richly adorned with blue ribbons and bows. The man wears his hair very long, as was popular during the reign of Charles II, and carries a sword at his side. Hanging on his chest is a pendant with the cross of the Order of Saint James, which also appears prominently on his ca

Carnival in Rome
Oil on canvas. 1653
Miel, Jan
Carnival in Rome
Oil on canvas. 1653
Miel, Jan

Acquired by Philip V for the Royal Palace of La Granja de San Idelfonso, where it appeared in a 1727 inventory, Carnival in Rome, 1653, is one of the best known paintings by Flemish artist Jan Miel. In fact, it may well be his most recognised depiction of Carnival, a popular feastcomprising dances, masquerades and pantagruelian gatherings, the excesses at which were intended to prepare believers f

Dead Cockerel
Oil on panel. 1659 - 1660
Metsu, Gabriël
Dead Cockerel
Oil on panel. 1659 - 1660
Metsu, Gabriël

Recent restoration has enabled a much better appreciation of this picture, since the thick layer of oxidised glaze that previously covered the surface made it impossible to judge the space and depth of the composition. As a result, the cockerel´s body is no longer outlined against the dark, plain background, but seen hanging from a string above a table inside some kind of architectural space -an a

Table with Desserts
Oil on canvas. Second third of the XVII century
Benedetti, Andries
Table with Desserts
Oil on canvas. Second third of the XVII century
Benedetti, Andries

In a room open to a landscape is a table with various foodstuffs, along with metalwork, dishes and even a pipe. The placement of numerous objects on a broad wooden surface is customary in works by Jan Davidsz de Heem (1606-1683/1684), to whom this work was first attributed. It had previously been considered the work of Benedetti through comparison with his other still lifes. The casual aspect offe

The Immaculate Conception
Oil on canvas. Second half of the XVII century
Coello, Claudio
The Immaculate Conception
Oil on canvas. Second half of the XVII century
Coello, Claudio

This is a significant example of Claudio Coello’s style and one of his finest representations of the Immaculate Conception. It admirably associates grace and delicate modesty with the triumphal emphasis that characterizes depictions of this subject from Madrid in the second half of the century. Its rich, refined and predominately warm color scheme corresponds to Coello’s most powerful period, free

Louis of France, the Grand Dauphin
Oil on canvas. 1663
Beaubrun, Charles; Beaubrun, Henri
Louis of France, the Grand Dauphin
Oil on canvas. 1663
Beaubrun, Charles; Beaubrun, Henri

The eldest son of Louis XIV and the Spanish Infanta María Teresa of Austria, Louis was born in Fontainebleau, 01.11.1661, receiving the title of Dauphin as heir to the French throne. Married to Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria, their son, the future Philip V of Spain (born in 1683) inherited from his father the so-called Dauphin’s Treasure, now in the Museo del Prado. Louis died in 14-04-1711

Portrait of Mariana of Austria, daughter of Emperor Leopold I
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1695
Anonymous
Portrait of Mariana of Austria, daughter of Emperor Leopold I
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1695
Anonymous

La retratada ha sido identificada por E. Puerto Mendoza (2020) con la archiduquesa María Ana de Austria (1683-1754), hija del emperador Leopoldo I y de Leonor de Neoburgo, lo que la convertía en sobrina de la reina de España Mariana de Neoburgo. Esta soberana probablemente lo exhibió en la galería de retratos familiares que tenía instalada en su cuarto de verano del Alcázar de Madrid. En su edad a

Philip V, King of Spain
Oil on canvas. 1723
Ranc, Jean
Philip V, King of Spain
Oil on canvas. 1723
Ranc, Jean

This is an official portrait of Felipe V (1683-1746), the first Bourbon king of Spain. The grandson of Louis XIV (1638-1715) of France, he was born in Versailles and was proclaimed King of Spain in 1700. Married two times, he had numerous children and died in Madrid in 1746. The king wears armor and carries a ruler´s staff. A warrior´s helmet rests on a stone in front of him. Along with the sumptu

Philip V on Horseback
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1723
Ranc, Jean
Philip V on Horseback
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1723
Ranc, Jean

Wearing half-armour and accompanied by an adjutant, the King is presented against a scene of battle with cavalry troops behind him in the panoramic background. Above the monarch, a winged Victory figure points out the pathway to triumph, while at the upper left corner we see Sagittarius, the King’s astrological sign. Grandson of Louis XIV, Philip V was born in Versailles on 19 December 1683 and pr

Isabella Farnese, Queen of Spain
Oil on canvas. 1723
Ranc, Jean
Isabella Farnese, Queen of Spain
Oil on canvas. 1723
Ranc, Jean

This is an official portrait of Queen Isabella Farnese (1692-1766), daughter of Eduardo II, Duke of Parma and second wife of Felipe V of Spain (1683-1746), whom she married in 1714. Shown three quarters and sumptuously dressed, the Queen turns her body to the left and her head to the right in an elegant pose characteristic of French portraits of that period. The technique of this painting, with a

Louis of France, the Grand Dauphin
Oil on canvas. 1700 - 1750
Anonymous
Louis of France, the Grand Dauphin
Oil on canvas. 1700 - 1750
Anonymous

The eldest son of Louis XIV and the Spanish Infanta María Teresa of Austria, Louis was born in 1661, receiving the title of Dauphin as heir to the French throne. Married to Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria, their son, the future Philip V of Spain (born in 1683), inherited from his father the so-called Dauphin’s Treasure, now in the Museo del Prado. Louis died in 1711.This canvas is one of a g

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