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Bathsheba at her Bath
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1685
Giordano, Luca
Bathsheba at her Bath
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1685
Giordano, Luca

"David contempló desde la terraza de su palacio a la bella Betsabé que se encontraba desnuda bañándose. Preguntó por ella y le respondieron que se trataba de la mujer de Urías, el jeteo, lo cual no desanimó al rey, que mandó llamarla y durmió con ella, quedando Betsabé embarazada. David envió a Urías a la muerte, dejando así libre el camino para tomar por esposa a Betsabé" (Samuel II, 11: 2-27).La

View of the Bridge at Martorell
Oil on canvas. 1787
Sánchez, Mariano Ramón
View of the Bridge at Martorell
Oil on canvas. 1787
Sánchez, Mariano Ramón

Trained from childhood at the Academy of San Fernando in Madrid, Mariano Sánchez specialized in landscapes and views. Contemporary documents reveal also a talent for miniatures and portraits, which took him to Lisbon in the service of the King of Portugal. In 1781, King Charles III commissioned him to paint a series of 118 vistas of ports, bays, islands, and arsenals in Spain. In 1803, for

Christ Crucified
Oil on canvas. 1792
Bayeu, Francisco
Christ Crucified
Oil on canvas. 1792
Bayeu, Francisco

The crucifixion of Christ is depicted by the artist in a barren, desolate landscape, a setting essentially undefined thanks to an enormous neutral background intended to heighten its dramatic effect. The painting´s great size -it was probably intended for a chapel altar- endows the divine figure with a monumental appearance further reinforced by its detailed anatomical study. The cross sunk

A Picador
Oil on unlined canvas. Ca. 1795
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
A Picador
Oil on unlined canvas. Ca. 1795
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

An equestrian portrait of a picador, wearing a short bullfighting suit and hat and carrying a long pike. The background is a landscape with a river. X-rays of this work show that this picador is painted over an equestrian portrait of Manuel Godoy, who wears the sash of the Order of Carlos III, which he received in 1791, and the three-cornered hat of Commander of the Lifeguards, a title he received

Lot and his Daughters
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1634
Furini, Francesco
Lot and his Daughters
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1634
Furini, Francesco

An outstanding work in Francesco Furini’s oeuvre and one of the most sensual and morbid of all Italian Baroque paintings, Lot and his daughters, c.1634, depicts the Old Testament story of Lot (Genesis 19:30-38), who escaped the destruction of Sodom thanks to a warning from the angels charged with its obliteration. Lot’s wife, who failed to obey their order not to look back, was turned into a pilla

View of the Port of Santa María
Oil on canvas. 1781 - 1785
Sánchez, Mariano Ramón
View of the Port of Santa María
Oil on canvas. 1781 - 1785
Sánchez, Mariano Ramón

Trained from childhood at the Academy of San Fernando in Madrid, Mariano Sánchez specialized in landscapes and views. Contemporary documents reveal also a talent for miniatures and portraits, which took him to Lisbon in the service of the King of Portugal. In 1781, King Charles III commissioned him to paint a series of 118 vistas of ports, bays, islands, and arsenals in Spain. In 1803, for

The Coronation of the Quintana
Oil on canvas. 1859
López Piquer, Luis
The Coronation of the Quintana
Oil on canvas. 1859
López Piquer, Luis

This work shows politician, poet, playwright and tutor to Queen Elizabeth II, Manuel José Quntana (Madrid, April 11, 1772- Madrid, March 11, 1857) on the day of his coronation in the Senate as Illustrious Poet (March 25, 1855).

Ferdinand VII as a Boy
Oil on canvas. 1792 - 1793
Bayeu y Subías, Ramón
Ferdinand VII as a Boy
Oil on canvas. 1792 - 1793
Bayeu y Subías, Ramón

Representa a Fernando VII niño de unos ocho o nueve años, en traje azul con faja roja y condecorado con el Toisón de Oro y las insignias de la Orden de Carlos III, en concreto la gran cruz y la banda nueva con sus tres fajas iguales establecida en junio de 1792. Atribuido a Antonio Carnicero (1748-1814) en el inventario del Palacio Real de 1814 y a Joaquín Inza (1736-1811) a su ingreso en el Museo

Carlos IV
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1789
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Carlos IV
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1789
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

A portrait of King Carlos IV (1784-1819) wearing red velvet and decorated with the Golden Fleece, on a background of curtains that partially hide a crown at the right edge of the composition. This work may have been made shortly after the Monarch took the throne, as he still wears the sash of Carlos III (1716-1788), whose design was specified on 24 October 1772. Its combination of colors was modif

The Holy Family
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1787
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
The Holy Family
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1787
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

Goya expresses the greater importance of this composition through the larger size of the figures, compared to its companion work, Tobias and the Angel (P07856). The wood shavings on the floor indicate that the scene takes place in Saint Joseph´s austere carpentry shop. The Virgin and Saint Joseph —holding his flowering staff— sadly reflect on their child´s destiny, which is foreshadowed by the woo

María Luisa de Parma, Queen of Spain
Oil on canvas. 1789 - 1792
Maella, Mariano Salvador
María Luisa de Parma, Queen of Spain
Oil on canvas. 1789 - 1792
Maella, Mariano Salvador

This canvas, which retains its original frame, was painted around 1789 as a pair to a portrait of Charles IV to mark the couple`s ascent to the throne, referred to by the crown, sceptre and ermine mantle. Maella later added the sash of the Order of María Luisa, founded by the Queen in 1792, and simplified the hair ornament to take the form of a jewel with attached feather.

The Infante Carlos María of Bourbon with Drum and Tambourine
Oil on canvas. 1791 - 1792
Bayeu y Subías, Ramón
The Infante Carlos María of Bourbon with Drum and Tambourine
Oil on canvas. 1791 - 1792
Bayeu y Subías, Ramón

Considerado como obra de Antonio Carnicero (1748-1814), Arturo Ansón Navarro (2012) lo atribuyó a Ramón Bayeu por motivos estilísticos y por su relación documental con una serie de retratos de la familia real pintados por Bayeu hacia 1791. Según estos documentos, Ramón Bayeu, nombrado pintor de cámara el 20 de abril de 1791, pintó en ese año y en el Real Sitio de Aranjuez los retratos de varios hi

Cleopatra
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1640
Reni, Guido
Cleopatra
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1640
Reni, Guido

Cleopatra VII (r. 51-30 BCE) was the sovereign of Egypt and the last representative of its final royal family, the Ptolemaic dynasty. Feeling that all was lost after her armies and those of her Roman lover and consort, Mark Antony (83-30 BCE), were successively defeated and the latter was killed, she chose to end her own life to avoid being captured by their mutual enemy, Octavian, the future Empe

Tobias and the Angel
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1787
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Tobias and the Angel
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1787
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

This devotional painting illustrates an Old Testament story (Tobias 6, 1-8) in which Tobias meets the Archangel Raphael. The story of the two Tobias, father and son, is a model of Jewish piety and the father foreshadows the suffering of Christ´s Passion. He was faithful to the Law of God in the midst of generalized abuse and was put to the test on various occasions, always successfully. This

Tomasa de Aliaga, Widow of Manuel Pablo Salcedo
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1787
Carnicero, Antonio
Tomasa de Aliaga, Widow of Manuel Pablo Salcedo
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1787
Carnicero, Antonio

The inscription on the sheet of paper on the table records that the sitter was nursemaid to one of Charles IV’s daughters, the Infanta María Amalia (1779-1798). A typical portrait of the period, it depicts an elderly sitter of elevated social rank due to her position at Court, wearing rich clothing and jewels that indicate her wealth. This canvas has also been attributed to Agustín E

María Pilar de la Cerda y Marín de Resende, Duchess of Nájera
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1795
López Portaña, Vicente
María Pilar de la Cerda y Marín de Resende, Duchess of Nájera
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1795
López Portaña, Vicente

La joven dama, que aparenta alrededor de veinte años, está sentada junto a un velador, en el que se ven varios medallones y un libro, y sobre el que descansa el codo izquierdo. Luce un magnífico traje de raso gris y rosa, con manteleta y bocamangas de encaje. La blancura de su piel y la finura de su talle le infunden una fragilidad delicada y elegante. De rostro afilado y sereno, en el que resalta

General José de Palafox on Horseback
Oil on canvas. 1814
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
General José de Palafox on Horseback
Oil on canvas. 1814
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

This portrait of José Rebolledo de Palafox y Melci (1775-1847), Field Marshal of Zaragoza, commemorates his defense of the city in 1808 when it was besieged by the French during the War of Independence. Palafox became a symbol of patriotic resistence to the invader when he refused to capitulate despite the terrible state in which his city and its defenders found themselves. Goya seems to ha

Tomás de Iriarte
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1785
Inza, Joaquín
Tomás de Iriarte
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1785
Inza, Joaquín

An in-depth study of Joaquín Inza is yet to be conducted that would allow us to gauge his role and importance in the panorama of Spanish art in the second half of the eighteenth century. Inza is known for his portraits of the royal family and of aristocrats and intellectuals from the period, and is now regarded as an estimable and discrete painter with a precise, austere style, although som

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