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The Descent from the Cross
Oil on panel. Before 1443
Weyden, Rogier Van Der
The Descent from the Cross
Oil on panel. Before 1443
Weyden, Rogier Van Der

The Descent from the Cross was painted for the Chapel of Our Lady Outside the Walls at Leuven, which was founded in the fourteenth century by the Great Crossbowmen`s Guild, sold in 1798 and demolished soon afterwards. The two small crossbows that hang from the tracery in the corners of the panel indicate that it was commissioned by that guild. The earliest datable copy, the Edelheere Triptych of 1

Infante Antonio Pascual
Oil on canvas. 1800
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Infante Antonio Pascual
Oil on canvas. 1800
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

This is a preparatory sketch for The Family of Charles IV. Brother of Charles IV, the sitter was born in Naples in 1755. In 1795 he married his niece, the Infanta María Amalia, who died without heir in 1798. In 1808 Ferdinand VII appointed him president of the Junta Suprema of the government while the monarch was obliged to attend Napoleon’s summons to France. During the War of Independence

Martín Antonio Álvarez de Sotomayor y Soto-Flores, Count of Colomera
Oil on canvas. 1798
Esteve, Agustín
Martín Antonio Álvarez de Sotomayor y Soto-Flores, Count of Colomera
Oil on canvas. 1798
Esteve, Agustín

The sitter is the First Count Colomera (1723-1819), a distinguished soldier who served in the Spanish army during various successive reigns. The canvas uses numerous devices typical of Baroque descriptive portraiture although dating from a period when that style was in decline. The sitter is dressed as a minister with the sash of the rank of Captain General and the grand cross of the Order of Char

The Family of Carlos IV
Oil on canvas. 1800
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
The Family of Carlos IV
Oil on canvas. 1800
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

This portrait of the family of King Carlos IV (1748-1819) was painted in Aranjuez and Madrid in the spring and summer of 1800, shortly after Goya was named First Chamber Painter. It clearly show´s the artist´s mastery at individualizing characters. The forerunners to this complex composition are Louis-Michel van Loo´s Portrait of Felipe V and his Family (P02283) and Velázquez´s Las Meninas

The infanta María Amalia of Bourbon, with a book
Oil on canvas. 1791
Bayeu y Subías, Ramón
The infanta María Amalia of Bourbon, with a book
Oil on canvas. 1791
Bayeu y Subías, Ramón

Catalogado a su ingreso en el Museo en 1847 como “retrato de la Sa infanta Da Carlota Reyna de Portugal” de Joaquín Inza (1736-1811), forma parte de un grupo de retratos de infantes y del príncipe Fernando que Arturo Ansón Navarro (2012) identificó la modelo como la infanta María Amalia (1779-1798) de doce años y atribuyó el retrato a Ramón Bayeu por motivos estilísticos y por su relación document

Joaquina Téllez-Girón, daugther of the 9th Duke and Duchess of Osuna
Oil on canvas. 1798
Esteve, Agustín
Joaquina Téllez-Girón, daugther of the 9th Duke and Duchess of Osuna
Oil on canvas. 1798
Esteve, Agustín

Joaquina Téllez-Girón (1784-1851) married José de Silva Bazán, the future Marquis of Santa Cruz, in 1801. Goya had painted her as a child in the family portrait and alone, at the height of her beauty and as a muse, in 1805. However, Esteve’s less brilliant technique fails to render the subtle transparencies of her gauze dress with the same accomplishment as his master.

Witches' Flight
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1798
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Witches' Flight
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1798
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

Three bare-chested characters wearing dunce caps hold a fourth, nude character in the air while another lies on the floor, covering his ears, A sixth figure flees, his head covered with a white cloth. With his hand, he makes the gesture intended to protect him from the evil eye. At the right of the scene, a donkey stands out against the neutral background. This was one of six canvases Goya sold to

The Infante Carlos María of Bourbon with Drum and Tambourine
Oil on canvas. 1791 - 1792
Bayeu y Subías, Ramón
The Infante Carlos María of Bourbon with Drum and Tambourine
Oil on canvas. 1791 - 1792
Bayeu y Subías, Ramón

Considerado como obra de Antonio Carnicero (1748-1814), Arturo Ansón Navarro (2012) lo atribuyó a Ramón Bayeu por motivos estilísticos y por su relación documental con una serie de retratos de la familia real pintados por Bayeu hacia 1791. Según estos documentos, Ramón Bayeu, nombrado pintor de cámara el 20 de abril de 1791, pintó en ese año y en el Real Sitio de Aranjuez los retratos de varios hi

The Taking of Christ
Oil on canvas. 1798
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
The Taking of Christ
Oil on canvas. 1798
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

This is a representation of the taking of Christ by Roman soldiers, a scene from the New Testament that marks the beginning of his Passion (Matthew 26, 45-46; Mark 14, 41-52; Luke 22, 45-54; John 18, 1-9). This is a preparatory sketch for the painting that adorns one of the altars at the Sacristy of Toledo Cathedral. Here, Goya´s manner of working is visible: rapid and energetic brushstrokes creat

Saint Sebastian
Oil on canvas. 1798 - 1802
Schick, Christian Gottlieb
Saint Sebastian
Oil on canvas. 1798 - 1802
Schick, Christian Gottlieb

A pupil of Jacques-Louis David in Paris, Schick executed this work during his time in David’s studio. The figure is painted from life using a model who also appears in some of the life studies by J.-A.-D. Ingres, a fellow pupil of Schick. It reflects the influence of the classicising Italian Baroque, particularly Guido Reni, albeit interpreted with a sensuality typical of German art of this period

Tomasa de Aliaga, Widow of Manuel Pablo Salcedo
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1787
Carnicero, Antonio
Tomasa de Aliaga, Widow of Manuel Pablo Salcedo
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1787
Carnicero, Antonio

The inscription on the sheet of paper on the table records that the sitter was nursemaid to one of Charles IV’s daughters, the Infanta María Amalia (1779-1798). A typical portrait of the period, it depicts an elderly sitter of elevated social rank due to her position at Court, wearing rich clothing and jewels that indicate her wealth. This canvas has also been attributed to Agustín E

Leocadia Zorrilla (?)
Oil on canvas. 1814 - 1816
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Leocadia Zorrilla (?)
Oil on canvas. 1814 - 1816
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

Ever since this painting entered the museum, the sitter has traditionally been identified as Josefa Bayeu, Goya´s wife. However, the date of the painting doesn´t coincide with the age of the supposed model, as Josefa Bayeu died in 1812 at the age of sixty-five. Thus she would have been fifty years old by 1798, which is the date most historians attribute to this work. The present portrait, however,

Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos
Oil on canvas. 1798
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos
Oil on canvas. 1798
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos was one of the most illustrious representatives of the Spanish Enlightenment, a man of letters, writer and poet, as well as a statesman with advanced ideas. Born in Gijón in 1744, he received his Doctorate in Law from the University of Salamanca. He was interested in art and admired Goya from early on, having commissioned him to paint his portrait shortly after

José Nicolás de Azara
Oil on panel. 1774
Mengs, Anton Raphael
José Nicolás de Azara
Oil on panel. 1774
Mengs, Anton Raphael

El retrato de Nicolás de Azara, de Anton Rafael Mengs, que conservaban aún los herederos del retratado, es una de las obras más singulares del artista bohemio desde el punto de vista artístico e histórico. La relación de Azara con Mengs se inició probablemente en 1765, ya que al erudito se debió en ese año la iniciativa de la medalla conmemorativa del casamiento de los príncipes de Asturias, con d

View of the Wharf at Cartagena
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1793
Sánchez, Mariano Ramón
View of the Wharf at Cartagena
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1793
Sánchez, Mariano Ramón

Trained from childhood at the Academy of San Fernando in Madrid, Mariano Sánchez specialized in landscapes and views. Contemporary documents reveal also a talent for miniatures and portraits, which took him to Lisbon in the service of the King of Portugal. In 1781, King Charles III commissioned him to paint a series of 118 vistas of ports, bays, islands, and arsenals in Spain. In 1803, for

The Coronation of the Quintana
Oil on canvas. 1859
López Piquer, Luis
The Coronation of the Quintana
Oil on canvas. 1859
López Piquer, Luis

This work shows politician, poet, playwright and tutor to Queen Elizabeth II, Manuel José Quntana (Madrid, April 11, 1772- Madrid, March 11, 1857) on the day of his coronation in the Senate as Illustrious Poet (March 25, 1855).

The Infanta María Isabel of Bourbon
Oil on canvas. 1791 - 1792
Bayeu y Subías, Ramón
The Infanta María Isabel of Bourbon
Oil on canvas. 1791 - 1792
Bayeu y Subías, Ramón

Considerado como obra de Antonio Carnicero (1748-1814), Arturo Ansón Navarro (2012) atribuyó el retrato a Ramón Bayeu por motivos estilísticos y por su relación documental con una serie de retratos de la familia real pintados por Bayeu hacia 1791, aunque lo fechó hacia finales de septiembre de 1789 y lo identificó con el infante Carlos María Isidro. Sin embargo, representa más bien a una infanta,

Giuseppe Maria Ferdinando Dal Pozzo
Oil on canvas. 1810
Aparicio e Inglada, José
Giuseppe Maria Ferdinando Dal Pozzo
Oil on canvas. 1810
Aparicio e Inglada, José

This portrait is one of the artist’s finest works and reveals his proximity to international Neo-classicism. The Grand Cross of the Order of the Reunion worn by the sitter and the red robe that identifies him as president of the Court of Appeal indicate both the status of this judge and the reputation achieved by Aparicio in Napoleonic Rome.

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