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The Foundation of Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome. The Patrician recounts his Dream to the Pope
Oil on canvas. 1664 - 1665
Murillo, Bartolomé Esteban
The Foundation of Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome. The Patrician recounts his Dream to the Pope
Oil on canvas. 1664 - 1665
Murillo, Bartolomé Esteban

This painting and its companion, The Patrician’s Dream (P994), are among Murillo’s most renowned works. The two arched works were intended to hang beneath a small dome in the recently remodeled Sevillian church of Santa María la Blanca in 1665, and they narrate the story of the founding of the Roman basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore as succinctly set out in the Roman Breviary’s information a

Philip IV
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1653
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y
Philip IV
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1653
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y

This image can be identified as that of a king and as a portrait of Philip IV on the basis of others of the monarch. In fact, nothing about the clothes or the sitter`s actions suggests his royal status except the easily recognisable physical features of the Habsburg dynasty, in particular the prominent chin.This portrait and the one who is in the National Gallery gave rise to a large number of ver

Le Corps de Garde
Oil on copperplate. 1650 - 1670
Teniers, Abraham
Le Corps de Garde
Oil on copperplate. 1650 - 1670
Teniers, Abraham

Scattered around the room we see a large drum and pieces of several sets of armour –one of them still on its stand– and pistols and harquebusses hanging on the wall, on which a flag is also draped. In the background, several men, perhaps soldiers in civilian clothes, are smoking and drinking. Abraham Teniers repeats, with few variants, some of the famous compositions of his brother, the famous Dav

The Foundation of Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome. The Patrician's Dream
Oil on canvas. 1664 - 1665
Murillo, Bartolomé Esteban
The Foundation of Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome. The Patrician's Dream
Oil on canvas. 1664 - 1665
Murillo, Bartolomé Esteban

This painting and its companion, The Patrician Reveals his Dream to the Pope (P995), are among Murillo’s most renowned works. The two arched works were intended to hang beneath a small dome in the recently remodeled Sevillian church of Santa María la Blanca in 1665, and they narrate the story of the founding of the Roman basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore as succinctly set out in the Roman Br

The Buffoon Juan de Austria
Oil on canvas. 1632
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y
The Buffoon Juan de Austria
Oil on canvas. 1632
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y

The sitter`s elaborate dress, the baton of command he holds in his right hand and the sword on which his left hand rest all indicate that he is a military figure. The military context in further suggested by the naval battle depicted in the background and the weapons, ammunition and pieces of armour on the floor. For many years this portrait was in fact thought to depict a military officer until 1

Isaac Henrique Sequeira
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1775
Gainsborough, Thomas
Isaac Henrique Sequeira
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1775
Gainsborough, Thomas

Sequeira (1738-1816) was a celebrated doctor who numbered Gainsborough among his patients. Born into a Jewish family in Lisbon, he moved to Bordeaux, studied in Leyden and eventually settled in London where he practised his profession. Gainsborough follows Van Dyck’s interest in capturing the character of the sitter and conveys Sequeira’s refined character. He presents him in a dignified pose with

Isaac and Jacob
Oil on canvas. 1637
Ribera, Jusepe de, lo Spagnoletto
Isaac and Jacob
Oil on canvas. 1637
Ribera, Jusepe de, lo Spagnoletto

This painting narrates an event from chapter 27 of Genesis, in which Jacob tricks his father, Isaac, in order to obtain the blessing that should rightfully go to his older brother, Esau. Jacob’s mother, Rebecca, helps him dress in Esau’s clothes and cover his arm with a sheepskin that resembles his brother’s abundant body hair. He then takes food to his elderly, blind father, Isaac, thus inducing

The Buffoon Barbarroja, Cristóbal de Castañeda y Pernia
Oil on canvas. 1633
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y
The Buffoon Barbarroja, Cristóbal de Castañeda y Pernia
Oil on canvas. 1633
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y

The model’s identity is known through the 1701 inventory of the Buen Retiro Palace, which lists a painting two-and-a-third rods high and one-and-a-half rods wide, which is another portrait of a buffoon with Turkish-style clothing named Pernea by Velázquez’s hand and unfinished. This description makes it possible to identify him as don Cristóbal de Castañeda y Pernia, a buffoon

Infante Don Carlos
Oil on canvas. 1626 - 1627
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y
Infante Don Carlos
Oil on canvas. 1626 - 1627
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y

Following his appointment as painter to the King in 1623, Velázquez`s principal task was that of portraying the monarch and his circle. In order to do so he primarily made use of two different typologies: bust-length and full-length portraits, in which the sitters are represented standing and close to the picture plane. Among the characteristics that define the latter group are a limited ch

The Annunciation
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1650
Murillo, Bartolomé Esteban
The Annunciation
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1650
Murillo, Bartolomé Esteban

The Archangel Gabriel has descended from the heavens and kneels before Mary to announce the birth of Christ. The Angel holds some white lilies symbolising purity in his left hand while with the right he points to the Holy Spirit. Mary kneels in prayer, her hands crossed on her breast in a gesture of acceptance. The use of chiaroscuro suggests that this is an early work.

Leocadia Zorrilla (?)
Oil on canvas. 1814 - 1816
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Leocadia Zorrilla (?)
Oil on canvas. 1814 - 1816
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

Ever since this painting entered the museum, the sitter has traditionally been identified as Josefa Bayeu, Goya´s wife. However, the date of the painting doesn´t coincide with the age of the supposed model, as Josefa Bayeu died in 1812 at the age of sixty-five. Thus she would have been fifty years old by 1798, which is the date most historians attribute to this work. The present portrait, however,

Infante Carlos María Isidro
Oil on canvas. 1800
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Infante Carlos María Isidro
Oil on canvas. 1800
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

This is a preparatory sketch for The Family of Charles IV. Son of Charles IV and María Luisa, the sitter was born in 1788. In 1816 he married María Francisca of Portugal, daughter of his sister Carlota Joaquina. Second in line to the throne, on the death of Ferdinand VII in 1833 he pursued his claim against his niece Isabel II, resulting in the Carlist wars. He died in exile in Tries

Mars
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1638
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y
Mars
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1638
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y

The first documentation of Diego Velazquez´s Mars is from 1701-03, when it appeared in the inventory of paintings at the Torre de la Parada, the royal hunting pavilion on the outskirts of Madrid. The painting is cited along with Velázquez´s Aesop c.1638 (P01206) and Menippus 1639-40 (P01207). The three paintings have similar dimensions, and each are as tall as the Heraclitus, Democritus and

Maria Isabel of Braganza
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1816
López Portaña, Vicente
Maria Isabel of Braganza
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1816
López Portaña, Vicente

Retrato en óvalo, de busto corto, de María Isabel de Braganza (Lisboa, 1797-Aranjuez, Madrid, 1818). Segunda esposa del rey Fernando VII (1784-1833), con quien casó el 28 de septiembre de 1816. Tuvo una hija, María Isabel Luisa, nacida el 21 de agosto de 1817, que murió pocos meses después, el 9 de enero de 1818, por cuyo embarazo el ayuntamiento le regaló el edificio conocido desde entonces como

The Duchess of Abrantes
Oil on canvas. 1816
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
The Duchess of Abrantes
Oil on canvas. 1816
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

Dressed in French fashion from the second decade of the nineteenth century and wearing a stylish floral diadem on her head, the duchess holds a piece of music in her hands, alluding to her love of music and singing. This is Goya´s last known portrait of an aristocratic lady. Its vibrant, rapid technique still recalls the affected, multicolored portraits from the eighteenth century, but its way of

The Inquisition
Mixed method on mural transferred to canvas. 1820 - 1823
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
The Inquisition
Mixed method on mural transferred to canvas. 1820 - 1823
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

The mural paintings that decorated the house known as “la Quinta del Sordo,” where Goya lived have come to be known as the Black Paintings, because he used so many dark pigments and blacks in them, and also because of their somber subject matter. The private and intimate character of that house allowed the artist to express himself with great liberty. He painted directly on the walls in what must

Witches' Sabbath, or the Great He-Goat
Oil on mural transferred to canvas. 1820 - 1823
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Witches' Sabbath, or the Great He-Goat
Oil on mural transferred to canvas. 1820 - 1823
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

The mural paintings that decorated the house known as “la Quinta del Sordo,” where Goya lived have come to be known as the Black Paintings, because he used so many dark pigments and blacks in them, and also because of their somber subject matter. The private and intimate character of that house allowed the artist to express himself with great liberty. He painted directly on the walls in what must

Conquista de México por Hernán Cortés (9 y 10)
Oil, Shell work on canvas mounted on panel, panel. 1698
González, Juan; González, Miguel
Conquista de México por Hernán Cortés (9 y 10)
Oil, Shell work on canvas mounted on panel, panel. 1698
González, Juan; González, Miguel

This panel inlaid with mother-of-pearl executed in New Spain is part of a group of twenty-four pieces that narrate the capture of Mexico.

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