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Departure from the Inn
Oil on panel. Ca. 1660
Wouwerman, Philips
Departure from the Inn
Oil on panel. Ca. 1660
Wouwerman, Philips

The picture belongs to a group of scenes set inside a stable which Wouwerman began painting in 1655. This cycle is an exception in the painter`s output, which was mainly focused on outdoor scenes. Most of these stable views are based on the same compositional scheme: two-thirds of the panel is occupied by the dark interior of the stable, which opens out on the left towards a landscape painted in m

Landscape with Carmelites
Oil on canvas. 1634 - 1639
Both, Jan
Landscape with Carmelites
Oil on canvas. 1634 - 1639
Both, Jan

This painting entered the Museum as an original work by Jan Both, attribution that has been maintained in the catalogues until the present day. In 1973 Valdivieso identifies it as the picture listed in the 1701 inventory of the Palace of the Buen Retiro and retains the ascription to Jan Both, which is supported by Luna (1984) and Capitelli (2005). Burke (1976) refers to it without an attribution.B

The Duke and Duchess of Osuna and their Children
Oil on unlined canvas. 1787 - 1788
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
The Duke and Duchess of Osuna and their Children
Oil on unlined canvas. 1787 - 1788
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

A portrait of the Duke of Osuna, Pedro Téllez Girón (1755-1807); his wife, the Countess-Duchess of Benavente, Josefa Alonso de Pimentel (1752-1834) and their four children: Francisco de Borja (1785-1820), the following Duke of Osuna; Pedro de Alcántara (1786-1851), the future Prince of Anglona; Maria Manuela (1783-1838) and Joaquina (1784-1851), the future Marchioness of Santa

Bathsheba at her Bath
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1685
Giordano, Luca
Bathsheba at her Bath
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1685
Giordano, Luca

"David contempló desde la terraza de su palacio a la bella Betsabé que se encontraba desnuda bañándose. Preguntó por ella y le respondieron que se trataba de la mujer de Urías, el jeteo, lo cual no desanimó al rey, que mandó llamarla y durmió con ella, quedando Betsabé embarazada. David envió a Urías a la muerte, dejando así libre el camino para tomar por esposa a Betsabé" (Samuel II, 11: 2-27).La

Hawking Party by a River
Oil on canvas. 1655 - 1658
Wouwerman, Philips -Painter- (And Workshop)
Hawking Party by a River
Oil on canvas. 1655 - 1658
Wouwerman, Philips -Painter- (And Workshop)

Here the main scene takes place in the foreground, where a group of distinguished huntsmen ride down a narrow path along a river bank crowded with popular figures including horse-riders, wayfarers, bathers and beggars. Schumacher (2006) considers it to have been produced in Wouwerman`s studio. Recent restoration, however, has revealed figures of such quality that they must indeed be attributed to

Landscape with a Carthusian (Saint Bruno?)
Oil on canvas. 1636 - 1638
Swanevelt, Herman Van
Landscape with a Carthusian (Saint Bruno?)
Oil on canvas. 1636 - 1638
Swanevelt, Herman Van

The painting entered the Museum holdings as an original work by Jan Both. In 1959 Blunt identifies it as the landscape listed in the 1701 inventory of the Palace of the Buen Retiro and maintains the attribution to Both, as does Roethlisberger (1961). However, Waddingham (1960) ascribes it to Herman van Swanevelt, an attribution backed by Luna (1984) and officially adopted by the Museum in 1985. Th

Heraclitus, the Crying Philosopher
Oil on canvas. 1636 - 1638
Rubens, Peter Paul (Workshop Of)
Heraclitus, the Crying Philosopher
Oil on canvas. 1636 - 1638
Rubens, Peter Paul (Workshop Of)

The Greek philosopher, Heraclitus of Ephesus (540-470 B.C.), wears a black tunic and leans on a stone, weeping. He embodies the idea of a tragic sense of life, thinking about the future form a lonely and pessimistic point of view. This work was made for the Torre de la Parada, a small royal palace near Madrid, and contrasts with the thinking of Democritus (P01682), with which it was paired.

Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand of Austria at the Battle of Nördlingen
Oil on canvas. 1634 - 1635
Rubens, Peter Paul
Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand of Austria at the Battle of Nördlingen
Oil on canvas. 1634 - 1635
Rubens, Peter Paul

The Cardinal-Infante is depicted in full body armor, with a black hat, a staff and a red sash. He is portrayed as a general of the Spanish Armies during the Battle of Nördlingen when, in 1634, they took on the Protestant army. Near him, the allegory of fury and the eagle and lightening bolts of Jupiter allude to his dashing force. A battle scene occupies the background. Rubens painted this wo

Cavalry Combat
Oil on canvas. 1650 - 1655
Wouwerman, Philips
Cavalry Combat
Oil on canvas. 1650 - 1655
Wouwerman, Philips

The main scene occupies the foreground, though it is no longer set in the plane closest to the viewer as in the previous period, but slightly further back. As a result, the figures are smaller in size. The horizon line is also lower, affording the sky greater prominence. Furthermore, although the composition is still partly enclosed in the background by a diagonal, it extends into the distance on

Lady and Girl
Oil on panel. 1567
Cronenburch, Adriaen Van
Lady and Girl
Oil on panel. 1567
Cronenburch, Adriaen Van

These four portraits of women, two double ones and two single ones (P02073, P02074 and P02076) presented standing and down to kneelevel, use the same architectural setting. The series is given visual unity by the use of a central niche and two more, barely visible ones at the sides, separated by masonry pillars and decorated with small lions’ heads in the centre.This use of shared elements is prob

The Mass of Saint Gregory
Oil on panel. 1515 - 1530
Isenbrandt, Adriaen
The Mass of Saint Gregory
Oil on panel. 1515 - 1530
Isenbrandt, Adriaen

Indebted to the Bruges tradition, the priest holding Saint Gregory’s tiara stems from Jan van Eyck’s Portrait of a Man with Carnation in Berlin and the composition accentuates the sfumato and the grace of Gerard David (c. 1460-1523). However, the architectures and the dynamic poses of the figures also echo Antwerp mannerism.

Village Kitchen
Oil on panel. Ca. 1632
Ostade, Adriaen Van
Village Kitchen
Oil on panel. Ca. 1632
Ostade, Adriaen Van

This work belongs to the so-called peasant interiors, one of the new genres of painting that emerged and developed in Flanders and Holland in the early seventeenth century. In Houbraken and in early inventories they are described as een boertje (a little peasant) or as toeback rookerchen (tobacco smokers). The consolidation and appreciation of this genre was fostered by the satirical and moralisin

Turkish Galley and Dutch Ship off the Coast
Oil on panel. Ca. 1663
Bellevois, Jacob Adriaensz
Turkish Galley and Dutch Ship off the Coast
Oil on panel. Ca. 1663
Bellevois, Jacob Adriaensz

This is one of Bellevois`s characteristic seascapes designed to capture the atmospheric effects of the North Sea. Accordingly, in the rendering of the various elements -figures, vessels and background buildings- the artist is more concerned with blending all the features into the atmosphere than with depicting detail. The composition is structured into three planes staggered spatially towards the

Ships in a Storm
Oil on panel. Second third of the XVII century
Wou, Claes Claesz
Ships in a Storm
Oil on panel. Second third of the XVII century
Wou, Claes Claesz

This painting was listed in the Museum`s inventories and catalogues as an anonymous work by the Dutch school, although in the 1889 catalogue it was noted that Bredius had suggested it should be attributed to Aert Anthonisz (1580-1620).On stylistic grounds the scene could be considered comparable with the output of Claes Claesz. Wou during the last stage in his career, by which time the rigid Manne

The Good Shepherd
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1660
Murillo, Bartolomé Esteban
The Good Shepherd
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1660
Murillo, Bartolomé Esteban

In a landscape with classical ruins that allude to the defeat of paganism, the Christ Child tends a lamb. Murillo based this image on a print by Stefano della Bella (1610-1664), while making use of his outstanding ability to depict children to create one of the most effective depictions of the parable of the Good Shepherd.

Saint Rosalia
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1697
Giordano, Luca
Saint Rosalia
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1697
Giordano, Luca

The saint holds a bunch of Madonna lilies in allusion to her purity and a garland of roses that recalls her name. Her attitude brings this depiction closer to the most characteristic models of Guido Reni. Born in Naples, Giordano painted in Spain between 1692 and 1702. He is notable for his mural paintings, such as those executed for the Casón del Buen Retiro.

The Apparition of Saint Peter to Saint Peter Nolasco
Oil on canvas. 1629
Zurbarán, Francisco de
The Apparition of Saint Peter to Saint Peter Nolasco
Oil on canvas. 1629
Zurbarán, Francisco de

Saint Peter Nolasco, founded the order of Our Lady of Mercy, also known as the Mercederians, whose main objective was to rescue Christians held captive by the Muslims. The convent of la Merced Calzada for which this work was painted had been founded by Ferdinand III in 1249 -the year Pedro Nolasco died- but it was entirely reconstructed in the early 17th century. In August 1628, Zurbarán wa

Winter Landscape with Skaters
Oil on canvas. 1629
Droochsloot, Joost Cornelisz.
Winter Landscape with Skaters
Oil on canvas. 1629
Droochsloot, Joost Cornelisz.

Droochsloot was the only artist in the Utrecht school who cultivated the painting of scenes featuring winter landscapes and pastimes, a favourite genre in sixteenth -and seventeenth- century Dutch painting.This scene is not painted from nature, but draws on Flemish compositions produced by the circle of Pieter Brueghel the Elder (1525-1569), featuring large numbers of people from different social

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