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Christ Crucified
Oil on canvas. 1780
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Christ Crucified
Oil on canvas. 1780
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

The figure of Christ is depicted following the tradition of seventeenth-century Spanish religious painting, although the classical concept of beauty disseminated in Spain by Mengs and Bayeu is also evident. In addition, Goya softened the more cruel and dramatic aspects of this subject, emphasising the beauty of the nude body. The canvas was presented by the artist at the Real Academia de Bellas Ar

View of the Bridge at Martorell
Oil on canvas. 1787
Sánchez, Mariano Ramón
View of the Bridge at Martorell
Oil on canvas. 1787
Sánchez, Mariano Ramón

Trained from childhood at the Academy of San Fernando in Madrid, Mariano Sánchez specialized in landscapes and views. Contemporary documents reveal also a talent for miniatures and portraits, which took him to Lisbon in the service of the King of Portugal. In 1781, King Charles III commissioned him to paint a series of 118 vistas of ports, bays, islands, and arsenals in Spain. In 1803, for

The Battle of Clavijo
Oil on canvas. 1755 - 1756
Giaquinto, Corrado
The Battle of Clavijo
Oil on canvas. 1755 - 1756
Giaquinto, Corrado

Mounted on a white steed and flanked by an angel bearing a flag, Saint James gallops over a multitude of fallen Moors and horses. The battle scene occupies a rocky landscape in the middle ground. This canvas is a sketch for the elliptical dome at the entrance to the Royal Palace’s chapel and was painted by Giaquinto between 1756 and 1757. The canvas and its corresponding fresco are clearly derived

Passage from the Life of Saint Francis
Oil on canvas. Second half of the XVII century
Cabezalero, Juan Martín
Passage from the Life of Saint Francis
Oil on canvas. Second half of the XVII century
Cabezalero, Juan Martín

On the shore, Saint Francis receives a young man dressed in a black habit, ruff collar and hat, whom Christ carries over the water. In the background: a boat and an embankment with two figures.This canvas is from the Carmelite convent of San Hermenegildo in Madrid, where, without describing it, Ponz lists it as a work by Cabezalero paired with another, now at the Alte Pinakothek in Munich, that i

Self-portrait
Oil on canvas. 1810 - 1813
González Velázquez, Zacarías
Self-portrait
Oil on canvas. 1810 - 1813
González Velázquez, Zacarías

A member of a dynasty of artists that began with his grandfather, the sculptor Pablo González Velázquez (1664-1727), Zacarías González Velázquez initially trained with his father, the painter Antonio González Velázquez (1723-94). In 1777, he joined the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando, an institution to which he remained tied for the rest

The Foundation of Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome. The Patrician's Dream
Oil on canvas. 1664 - 1665
Murillo, Bartolomé Esteban
The Foundation of Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome. The Patrician's Dream
Oil on canvas. 1664 - 1665
Murillo, Bartolomé Esteban

This painting and its companion, The Patrician Reveals his Dream to the Pope (P995), are among Murillo’s most renowned works. The two arched works were intended to hang beneath a small dome in the recently remodeled Sevillian church of Santa María la Blanca in 1665, and they narrate the story of the founding of the Roman basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore as succinctly set out in the Roman Br

View of the Port of Santa María
Oil on canvas. 1781 - 1785
Sánchez, Mariano Ramón
View of the Port of Santa María
Oil on canvas. 1781 - 1785
Sánchez, Mariano Ramón

Trained from childhood at the Academy of San Fernando in Madrid, Mariano Sánchez specialized in landscapes and views. Contemporary documents reveal also a talent for miniatures and portraits, which took him to Lisbon in the service of the King of Portugal. In 1781, King Charles III commissioned him to paint a series of 118 vistas of ports, bays, islands, and arsenals in Spain. In 1803, for

Charles II in armour
Oil on canvas. 1681
Carreño de Miranda, Juan
Charles II in armour
Oil on canvas. 1681
Carreño de Miranda, Juan

Charles II was born in 1661, the only son of Philip IV and his second wife (and niece), Mariana of Austria, to survive to adulthood. Charles succeeded his father in 1665 and died without an heir in 1700 at the age of 39, thus bringing to an end the Spanish Habsburg dynasty. According to the date on this portrait, the king would have been 20 years old at the time. His long hair is worn in a similar

Saint Anne teaching the Virgin to read
Oil on canvas. 1674
Carreño de Miranda, Juan
Saint Anne teaching the Virgin to read
Oil on canvas. 1674
Carreño de Miranda, Juan

The scene takes place on a set of richly carpeted steps. A dark curtain in the background opens on the right to show a Solomonic column and some sketchy architectural elements that suggest an indoor setting. The subject was quite common in Counterreformation iconography, and was painted by Rubens, Roelas and even Murillo, among others. It presents the moment when Saint Anne teaches the young Virgi

Feliciana Bayeu, the Painter's Daughter
Oil on canvas. 1787
Bayeu, Francisco
Feliciana Bayeu, the Painter's Daughter
Oil on canvas. 1787
Bayeu, Francisco

Francisco Bayeu worked as a court painter to Charles III from 1767; by 1787 -the date of this small portrait- he had produced a considerable number of decorations for the royal palaces and important churches. He reached the zenith of his brilliant career as an official painter and academician around this time, being named Director of Painting at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando in 17

Sancho Panza recovers his lost donkey
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1894
Moreno Carbonero, José
Sancho Panza recovers his lost donkey
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1894
Moreno Carbonero, José

In the last quarter of the nineteenth century, a significant number of Spanish writers and artists viewed themselves as heirs to the rich heritage of the Golden Age realist tradition, particularly the work of Miguel de Cervantes and Diego Velázquez. Their interpretation and imitation of those models lent nineteenth-century Spanish naturalism its particular character within the larger contex

Snow-covered Banks of Lake Trasimeno
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1875
Morera y Galicia, Jaime
Snow-covered Banks of Lake Trasimeno
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1875
Morera y Galicia, Jaime

Morera painted various views of this lake in the region of Umbria. This canvas was sent back to Spain during his first study year at the Spanish Academy in Rome. It reveals his interest in the winter landscape, which he reaffirmed years later in his views of the snow-covered peaks of the Sierra de Guadarrama.

Mars
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1638
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y
Mars
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1638
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y

The first documentation of Diego Velazquez´s Mars is from 1701-03, when it appeared in the inventory of paintings at the Torre de la Parada, the royal hunting pavilion on the outskirts of Madrid. The painting is cited along with Velázquez´s Aesop c.1638 (P01206) and Menippus 1639-40 (P01207). The three paintings have similar dimensions, and each are as tall as the Heraclitus, Democritus and

The Mancorbo Pass in Picos de Europa
Oil on canvas. 1876
Haes, Carlos de
The Mancorbo Pass in Picos de Europa
Oil on canvas. 1876
Haes, Carlos de

Universally considered the most emblematic painting of Spanish 19th-century realist landscape, this spectacular panorama of Picos de Europa is also Carlos de Haes absolute masterpiece. He painted it at the height of his career, with the confidence and ease of his most refined style. It is thus the maximum example of the powerful transformation that this great master of Belgian origin effected in l

Saint Joseph with the Christ Child Sleeping in his Arms
Oil on canvas. 1652
Camilo, Francisco
Saint Joseph with the Christ Child Sleeping in his Arms
Oil on canvas. 1652
Camilo, Francisco

Until now, this canvas was thought to come from San Felipe el Real in Madrid, as Cruzada Villaamil (1865, no. 544, p. 38) mistakenly registered it. He believed it was one of the canvases mentioned by Palomino at that Augustine convent: "in a chapel beside the door to the cloisters there is a painting by him of Saint Joachim leading Our Lady as a girl by the hand; and another painting coupled with

Portrait of King Charles IV
Oil on canvas. 1790
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de (Copy)
Portrait of King Charles IV
Oil on canvas. 1790
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de (Copy)

Upon the death of Charles III, Goya was asked to paint portraits of the new monarchs, Charles Bourbon IV and his wife, María Luisa of Parma. As a recently named Royal Painter, the artist was responsible for supplying portraits of the Royal Family; aided by several painters in his workshop, he was required to fulfill the commissions of numerous different institutions and private citizens thr

Portrait of Queen María Luisa
Oil on unlined canvas. 1790
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de (Copy)
Portrait of Queen María Luisa
Oil on unlined canvas. 1790
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de (Copy)

Upon the death of Charles III, Goya was asked to paint portraits of the new monarchs, Charles Bourbon IV and his wife, María Luisa of Parma. As a recently named Royal Painter, the artist was responsible for supplying portraits of the Royal Family; aided by several painters in his workshop, he was required to fulfill the commissions of numerous different institutions and private citizens thr

The Martyrdom of Saint Apollonia
Oil on copperplate. 1600 - 1603
Reni, Guido
The Martyrdom of Saint Apollonia
Oil on copperplate. 1600 - 1603
Reni, Guido

Saint Apollonia was one of the virgins martyred in Alexandria (Egypt) in the third century, A.D. during the religious persecution of Christians. In this small plate on copper, the Bolognese painter captures the moment when two henchmen torture the saint, who is tied to a post, by extracting her teeth with large pliers. That explains why this tool (sometimes including teeth) is her customary attrib

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