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The Port of Amsterdam in Winter
Oil on canvas. 1656 - 1660
Dubbels, Hendrick Jacobsz
The Port of Amsterdam in Winter
Oil on canvas. 1656 - 1660
Dubbels, Hendrick Jacobsz

This is one of the few winter scenes painted by Hendrick Dubbels still preserved today. In the Museum`s catalogues it is described as a scene with skaters, although only three of the many characters depicted here are actually skating, and one is putting on skates. The 1873 and 1878 editions state that, despite the signature, some consider this to be by Bonaventura Peeters; the 1885 publication men

Still Life with a silver beaker and a clock
Oil on panel. 1633
Heda, Willem Claesz
Still Life with a silver beaker and a clock
Oil on panel. 1633
Heda, Willem Claesz

In addition to the Roemer goblet, other glasses common in this kind of monochrome still life presented here include the Berkemeyer, in this case tipped over and broken, and the delicate Façon-de-Venise wineglass, in fashion at the time and likewise made in the Netherlands. Also featured is an exquisitely decorated silver goblet. Alongside them is a knife with a sheath and an open clock that

Still Life with Animals
Oil on canvas. 1680 - 1690
Hondecoeter, Melchior D´
Still Life with Animals
Oil on canvas. 1680 - 1690
Hondecoeter, Melchior D´

The painting featured here is an example of the characteristic compositions with poultry in which D`Hondecoeter specialised. This type of painting was brought to Utrecht in 1619 by Roeland Savery (1576-1639), who had, in turn, been introduced to this genre -of which the most prominent and influential practitioner was Frans Snyders (1592-1667)- while at the court of Rudolf II of Prague.D`Hondecoete

Landscape with a Carthusian (Saint Bruno?)
Oil on canvas. 1636 - 1638
Swanevelt, Herman Van
Landscape with a Carthusian (Saint Bruno?)
Oil on canvas. 1636 - 1638
Swanevelt, Herman Van

The painting entered the Museum holdings as an original work by Jan Both. In 1959 Blunt identifies it as the landscape listed in the 1701 inventory of the Palace of the Buen Retiro and maintains the attribution to Both, as does Roethlisberger (1961). However, Waddingham (1960) ascribes it to Herman van Swanevelt, an attribution backed by Luna (1984) and officially adopted by the Museum in 1985. Th

Landscape with Saint Jerome
Oil on panel. 1516 - 1517
Patinir, Joachim
Landscape with Saint Jerome
Oil on panel. 1516 - 1517
Patinir, Joachim

Patinir shows St Jerome sitting inside the wooden shack that leans against the rocks in the foreground. As with the Landscape with the Martyrdom of St Catherine in Vienna (Kunsthistorisches Museum), the painter here raises the line of the horizon, leading to an increase in the space devoted to the landscape and the consequent reduction of the sky (although this has been cut down still further, it

Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand of Austria, in Hunting Dress
Oil on canvas. 1632 - 1634
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y
Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand of Austria, in Hunting Dress
Oil on canvas. 1632 - 1634
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y

Born in El Escorial in 1609, don Fernando was the son of Philip III and Margarita de Austria, and thus Philip IV´s brother. As a result, he held very high posts. In 1619, he was appointed cardinal and between 1634 and his death in 1641, he was governor of Flanders, where he succeeded his aunt, the Archduchess Isabel Clara Eugenia. Generally dated around 1632-1634, in the years immediately followin

A Sybil
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1632
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y
A Sybil
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1632
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y

The first known reference to this work dates from 1746, when an inventory of paintings at the La Granja Palace was drawn up. There, it is attributed to Velázquez and identified as a likeness of his wife, Juana, whose father was the painter, Francisco Pacheco. It also specifies that she is holding a board. The linking of anonymous portraits to the lives of their authors was frequent in the 1

Ecce Homo
Oil on panel. 1560 - 1570
Morales, Luis de
Ecce Homo
Oil on panel. 1560 - 1570
Morales, Luis de

Jesus is shown half-length, crowned with thorns and with a haggard face, parted lips, prominent cheekbones, and moist eyes raised in an attitude of submission to the divine will. His hair, beard, moustache and eyelashes are minutely rendered in a light brown colour. Similarly detailed is the treatment of the tears and drops of blood. The latter, caused by the thorns piercing his forehead and the w

Cavalry Combat
Oil on canvas. 1650 - 1655
Wouwerman, Philips
Cavalry Combat
Oil on canvas. 1650 - 1655
Wouwerman, Philips

The main scene occupies the foreground, though it is no longer set in the plane closest to the viewer as in the previous period, but slightly further back. As a result, the figures are smaller in size. The horizon line is also lower, affording the sky greater prominence. Furthermore, although the composition is still partly enclosed in the background by a diagonal, it extends into the distance on

The Burial of Christ
Oil on canvas. 1572
Titian (Tiziano Vecellio)
The Burial of Christ
Oil on canvas. 1572
Titian (Tiziano Vecellio)

Titian represented the Gospel account of the burial of Christ (Matthew 27: 57-61; Mark 15: 44-47; Luke 23: 50-54; John 19: 38-42) on several occasions. There is a notable difference between his first version (Paris, Louvre) of around 1526 which is clearly indebted to Raphael´s painting of that subject (Rome, Galleria Borghese), and his other versions painted between 1559 and 1572. The main differe

Rustic Concert
Oil on panel. 1638
Ostade, Adriaen Van
Rustic Concert
Oil on panel. 1638
Ostade, Adriaen Van

This work belongs to the so-called peasant interiors, one of the new genres of painting that emerged and developed in Flanders and Holland in the early seventeenth century. In Houbraken and in early inventories they are described as een boertje, (a little peasant), or as toeback rookerchen, (tobacco smokers). The consolidation and appreciation of this genre was fostered by the satirical and morali

The penitent Saint Jerome
Oil on canvas. 1652
Ribera, Jusepe de, lo Spagnoletto
The penitent Saint Jerome
Oil on canvas. 1652
Ribera, Jusepe de, lo Spagnoletto

Emerging from a dark background, a half-length image of a man appears in the close foreground, his right shoulder and arm bare, his hair white and long, his features aged. He holds a wooden cross in his left hand and with his right he strikes his chest with a stone. The cross identifies him as a saint; his nakedness and dishevelled appearance indicate he is a hermit or a penitent; the stone with w

Queen Mariana of Austria
Oil on canvas. 1652 - 1653
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y
Queen Mariana of Austria
Oil on canvas. 1652 - 1653
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y

Mariana of Austria (1634-1696) was the daughter of the Emperor Ferdinand III and María of Hungary. It was intended that she marry her cousin, Prince Baltasar Carlos, but following his death she married Philip IV in 1649. Velázquez executed this portrait after his return from Italy. The elaborate clothing, chair and curtain emphasise the sitter`s rank while the table clock alludes to

Pedro Benítez and his Daughter María de la Cruz
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1820
Tegeo Díaz, Rafael
Pedro Benítez and his Daughter María de la Cruz
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1820
Tegeo Díaz, Rafael

In this portrait, Pedro Benítez sits informally on a chair, resting his left arm on its back while gazing frankly and directly at the viewer with whom he establishes an empathetic relationship. He is dressed in the fashion of the reign of Ferdinand VII, with a marvellous cravat emerging from his vest and a book in his right hand. Beside him, standing, is his daughter María de la Cruz

Tityus
Oil on canvas. 1632
Ribera, Jusepe de, lo Spagnoletto
Tityus
Oil on canvas. 1632
Ribera, Jusepe de, lo Spagnoletto

Tityus, the son of Jupiter and Elara, appears chained to the boulder in Tartarus while an eagle eternally devours his liver. The Giant received that punishment for attempting to rape one of his father’s lovers with the encouragement of Juno. The subject of the Furies -Tityus, Ixion, Tantalus and Sisyphus- became quite popular in European art of the Modern Age, especially in palace decorations. The

Diego del Corral y Arellano
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1632
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y
Diego del Corral y Arellano
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1632
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y

Of the people with whom Velázquez must have had contact on a daily basis at the palace, many would have been high functionaries or skilled servants of the court. His own social aspirations included becoming a member of that professional group, which he eventually joined, and he made portraits of some of them, including two now at the Museo del Prado: Diego del Corral, shown here, and his wi

Magdalena Parrella y Urbieta and her Daughter, Elisa Tapia y Parrella
Oil on canvas. 1850
Ribera y Fieve, Carlos Luis de
Magdalena Parrella y Urbieta and her Daughter, Elisa Tapia y Parrella
Oil on canvas. 1850
Ribera y Fieve, Carlos Luis de

Double portraits of this type, which were common in the mid-nineteenth century, were generally painted when the son or daughter was presented in society. The mother, depicted as seated, represented an example to the daughter, normally shown standing. In this case the richly furnished room and the sitter`s clothes and jewels indicate the wealthy status of this well-known family of bankers.

The penitent Saint Jerome
Oil on panel. 1525 - 1530
Anonymous
The penitent Saint Jerome
Oil on panel. 1525 - 1530
Anonymous

Located against a background landscape resembling those of Joachim Patinir (c. 1480-1524), Saint Jerome kneels in prayer before a crucifix and skull. In this case he is not depicted inside a cave or by its entrance. His red robe and hat identify him as a cardinal while the book refers to his role as a Father of the Church and the translator of the Bible into Latin. Behind him is the lion who accom

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