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Mariquiña de Valle-Inclán
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1928
Echevarría Zuricalday, Juan de
Mariquiña de Valle-Inclán
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1928
Echevarría Zuricalday, Juan de

This depiction of the fourth daughter of the famous Galician writer Ramón María del Valle-Inclán is a good example of the small-format portraits of close friends that so notably differ from Echevarría’s celebrated portrait gallery of representatives of the Generation of 98. The Gerstenmaier Collection still includes the portrait of Kukuru, Mariquiña’s dog, a canv

Masinissa Mourning Over the Death of Sophonisba (?)
Oil on canvas. XVII century
Finoglia, Paolo Domenico
Masinissa Mourning Over the Death of Sophonisba (?)
Oil on canvas. XVII century
Finoglia, Paolo Domenico

Within the large series of paintings dedicated to the history of Rome, this work and Meleager’s Hunt (P2320) belong to a small group of scenes from mythology and the history of Antiquity. This is undoubtedly the most mysterious group in the series -so much so, that the subject matter of some of its paintings has yet to be identified today. Moreover, neither the significance of this group as a whol

Master Ward
Oil on canvas. 1771 - 1773
Romney, George
Master Ward
Oil on canvas. 1771 - 1773
Romney, George

The young gentleman is depicted seated on a stone with his dog beside him and a landscape with a river behind. Romney offers a pleasing image of childhood, captured with a simple, humane touch characteristic of this painter. The portrait has a Neo-classical air with a refined elegance much appreciated by the British aristocracy. The identity of the sitter is uncertain but he may be a member of the

The rustic Offering
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1786
Bayeu y Subías, Ramón
The rustic Offering
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1786
Bayeu y Subías, Ramón

A handsome dandy gallantly offers fruit to a seated lady accompanied by her maid. This seductive, erotic gesture arouses the young woman’s emotions while in the background a cloaked majo jealously observes the aristocratic delicacy of the amorous encounter. This canvas is a close copy of a preparatory sketch by Francisco Bayeu, Ramón’s brother, which was subsequently included in the work Th

Saint John the Evangelist in Patmos
Oil on canvas. 1612 - 1614
Maíno, Fray Juan Bautista
Saint John the Evangelist in Patmos
Oil on canvas. 1612 - 1614
Maíno, Fray Juan Bautista

On 14 February 1612 Juan Bautista Maíno signed the contract to execute the paintings for the monastery church of San Pedro Mártir in Toledo. Maíno agreed to a period of eight months to make the paintings, which had to portray the scenes and episodes specified by the prior of the monastery. Despite the agreement reached in the contract, the paintings were not completed until De

Saint Joseph with the Christ Child
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1650
Martínez, Sebastián
Saint Joseph with the Christ Child
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1650
Martínez, Sebastián

Saint Joseph grasps Jesus’s arm to prevent him from taking fruit from the basket. This action is loaded with meaning, given the sacrificial and Eucharistic significance of both the Child’s violet tunic and the grapes and pomegranates that predominate in the fruit basket. The painter, who is now getting better known, worked in Jaen and at Court in Madrid in the mid-seventeenth century.

The Foundation of Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome. The Patrician's Dream
Oil on canvas. 1664 - 1665
Murillo, Bartolomé Esteban
The Foundation of Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome. The Patrician's Dream
Oil on canvas. 1664 - 1665
Murillo, Bartolomé Esteban

This painting and its companion, The Patrician Reveals his Dream to the Pope (P995), are among Murillo’s most renowned works. The two arched works were intended to hang beneath a small dome in the recently remodeled Sevillian church of Santa María la Blanca in 1665, and they narrate the story of the founding of the Roman basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore as succinctly set out in the Roman Br

Landscape with Hermit bound in Chains
Oil on canvas. 1634 - 1639
Swanevelt, Herman Van
Landscape with Hermit bound in Chains
Oil on canvas. 1634 - 1639
Swanevelt, Herman Van

This painting entered the Museum`s holdings as a copy of a work by Jan Both, described as Saint Francis in Penitence and listed as the companion piece to Landscape with Saint Francis in Meditation. It was later catalogued as an anonymous work of the Germanic schools and from 1910 onwards as an anonymous Flemish work. However, this landscape can be identified with one of the pictures described in t

Queen Mariana of Austria
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1670
Carreño de Miranda, Juan
Queen Mariana of Austria
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1670
Carreño de Miranda, Juan

After the death of Philip IV in 1665, his widow Mariana (1634-1696) became regent. She is depicted here as both widow and regent in the Hall of Mirrors in the Alcázar in Madrid. The writing implements on the desk allude to her responsibilities as ruler. The overt inclusion of the royal palace into the royal portrait is one of the features that characterises the court portrait after Vel&aacu

Chicken Coop
Oil on canvas. 1869
Fortuny, Mariano
Chicken Coop
Oil on canvas. 1869
Fortuny, Mariano

Fortuny featured groups of hens in a number of his compositions, as their dynamism, texture and luxuriant colours enriched and enlivened his works. This painting, however, is a study in its own right -a free exercise designed to capture the birds’ light, fast movements rather than intended as a detail of a larger composition.

Agnus Dei
Oil on canvas. 1635 - 1640
Zurbarán, Francisco de
Agnus Dei
Oil on canvas. 1635 - 1640
Zurbarán, Francisco de

A dark background and a gray table are the setting for this painting’s only motive: a merino lamb between eight and twelve months old. Still alive, it lies with bound feet in an unmistakably sacrificial posture curiously reminiscent of famous images of martyred saints like Stefano Maderno’s moving sculpture of Saint Cecilia at the basilica of Santa Cecilia in Rome. The painter draws on Zurbar&aacu

Philip V of Spain
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1739
Loo, Louis-Michel Van
Philip V of Spain
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1739
Loo, Louis-Michel Van

El retrato de Felipe V, primer Borbón que ocupó el trono español, muestra al monarca en la última fase de su vida -comenzó a reinar en 1700 y falleció en 1746-. Aparece caracterizado con armadura completa, sosteniendo en la mano izquierda el bastón de mando que, a manera de cetro, lleva grabados los castillos y leones heráldicos así como la flor de lis de la dinastía Borbón. Apoya en la cadera la

View of the Gardens of the Villa Medici, Rome
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1630
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y
View of the Gardens of the Villa Medici, Rome
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1630
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y

A masterpiece in the history of Western landscape painting, in which Velázquez set out his idea of landscape without any narrative excuse to justify it, this Roman scene and its companion work (P01211) are two of his most singular works. Both combine architecture, plant life and sculpture with living figures and integrate them into a landscaped setting in a very natural way. Critics have re

Doctor Francisco Rodríguez de Sandoval
Oil on canvas. 1906
Sorolla y Bastida, Joaquín
Doctor Francisco Rodríguez de Sandoval
Oil on canvas. 1906
Sorolla y Bastida, Joaquín

The doctor poses in an armchair, crossing his legs and turning to look forward with a lively expression concentrated in his intelligent gaze. He looks about forty years old and wears a gray suit with a vest and gloves of the same color. His brightly lit figure stands out against a neutral gray background that darkens considerably at his back and appears to reflect the light from a gilded frame.Doc

Philip IV
Oil on canvas. 1623
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y
Philip IV
Oil on canvas. 1623
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y

We see King Philip IV of Spain (r. 1621-1665) when he was around twenty years old in an austere image filled with references to his status and responsibilities and to the reformist intentions with which he began his reign. The sword on whose hilt his left hand rests and the desk bearing a top allude to the administration of justice and the defense of his kingdoms. The Golden Fleece hanging at his

Perspective of a Gymnasium
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1638
Gargiulo, Domenico, Called Micco Spadaro; Codazzi, Viviano
Perspective of a Gymnasium
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1638
Gargiulo, Domenico, Called Micco Spadaro; Codazzi, Viviano

This is one of four depictions of spectacles from ancient Rome that Domenico Gargiulo and Viviano Codazzi painted for the large History of Rome series at the Buen Retiro Palace. Of those four, in which Gargiulo painted the figures and Codazzi the architecture, two more have survived: Perspective of a Roman Amphitheater (P2632) and Perspective of a Gymnasium (P6210). The fourth, now lost, is listed

The Wine of Saint Martin's Day
Glue-size on twill / twill weave canvas. 1566 - 1567
Bruegel The Elder, Pieter
The Wine of Saint Martin's Day
Glue-size on twill / twill weave canvas. 1566 - 1567
Bruegel The Elder, Pieter

Practically unknown until now, the present canvas has only been mentioned and reproduced in an article by Matías Díaz Padrón, former curator at the Prado, that was published in Archivo Español de Arte in 1980. The author, who had not seen the painting at first hand, attributed it to Pieter Brueghel the Younger.The canvas depicts the Saint Martin`s Day wine festival. The

Ferdinand VII at an Encampment
Oil on canvas. After 1815
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Ferdinand VII at an Encampment
Oil on canvas. After 1815
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

Several portraits of Ferdinand VII are attributed to Goya, though only a few have sufficient quality to be considered fully his own work. Furthermore, there is no accurate documentation of the portraits of a monarch who chose Vicente López to be the official portraitist over Goya. It is, however, clearly documented that Goya, as first court painter, did an equestrian portrait that was one o

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