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In the Studio
Oil on panel. Ca. 1880
Palmaroli y González, Vicente
In the Studio
Oil on panel. Ca. 1880
Palmaroli y González, Vicente

A young woman seems to gaze dreamily at a canvas on an easel, over which a large cloth has been partially draped, and at a sheaf of prints on a stool. The Japanesestyle clothes, the bright colours and the cluttered scene - highly decorative in effect- clearly point to the influence of Fortuny’s orientalism on Palmorali’s work.

The Holy Family with Angels
Oil on panel. Ca. 1524
Parmigianino. Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola
The Holy Family with Angels
Oil on panel. Ca. 1524
Parmigianino. Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola

When Parmigianino left his native city of Parma to move to Rome in 1524 he took this painting with him and presented it to Pope Clement VII. This is the artist´s first mature work and one that already reveals the grace that Vasari considered the greatest aesthetic quality of any painting: a gift of nature impossible to learn, combining beauty, delicacy and sweetness.

Penitent Magdalen
Oil on canvas. 1579
Carvajal, Luis de
Penitent Magdalen
Oil on canvas. 1579
Carvajal, Luis de

Luis de Carvajal was a Toledan painter who trained in Rome and subsequently at El Escorial, a flourishing centre for Spanish painting in the first half of the seventeenth century. The manner in which the penitent Magdalen’s figure is bathed in light emphasises her sensual body. The visual potency of the Italian Renaissance formulas on which this work is based ensured their survival during the Baro

Samson and the Philistines
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1625
Procaccini, Giulio Cesare
Samson and the Philistines
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1625
Procaccini, Giulio Cesare

Samson freed himself from his chains and killed a thousand Philistines, enemies of the Israelites, using only the jawbone of an ass (Judges 15:15). Giulio Cesare was the son of the painter Ercole Procaccini and was first trained as a sculptor in Milan. This painting dates from his last period. The frame, which is modern, reproduces a Lombard seventeenth-century model.

Ignacio, the Artist's Son
Oil on canvas. 1885
Pinazo Camarlench, Ignacio
Ignacio, the Artist's Son
Oil on canvas. 1885
Pinazo Camarlench, Ignacio

Pinazo’s fascination with childhood led him to paint several pictures of his two children, in which he captured the freshness and spontaneity of the child’s world. Here, his son Ignacio, the artist’s favourite model, who would later become a sculptor.

The Crucifixion
Oil on panel. 1509 - 1519
Flandes, Juan de
The Crucifixion
Oil on panel. 1509 - 1519
Flandes, Juan de

Documents at Palencia Cathedral cast light on this Crucifixion’s original location -the central row of the main altarpiece at that cathedral- and its author: Juan de Flandes (doc. 1496-1519). They also offer information about this panel between 1509, when that Flemish painter was commissioned to paint it, and 1944, when the Cathedral management sold it. Those same documents indicate that Palencia

Philip II on Horseback
Oil on canvas. 1629 - 1640
Rubens, Peter Paul
Philip II on Horseback
Oil on canvas. 1629 - 1640
Rubens, Peter Paul

A posthumous portrait of Felipe II wearing full body armor, a cape and a hat and riding a horse. Victory crowns him with laurels. The background alludes to a battle, probably that of San Quentín in 1557.Inspired by the knightly ideas of the sixteenth century, this portrait is based on representations of Roman emperors that circulated on Flemish and Italian prints, as well as an image of Car

María Figueroa, dressed as a menina
Oil on canvas. 1901
Sorolla y Bastida, Joaquín
María Figueroa, dressed as a menina
Oil on canvas. 1901
Sorolla y Bastida, Joaquín

Sorolla was the most gifted Spanish painter of his generation, excelling in portraiture. In the early years of the twentieth century, and especially after the encouragement of winning the Grand Prize in the 1900 Exposition Universelle Paris, he demonstrated the influence of Velázquez through the use of long, confident brushstrokes. This portrait of María de Figueroa y Bermejillo -the

The Monkey Sculptor
Oil on panel. Ca. 1660
Teniers The Younger, David
The Monkey Sculptor
Oil on panel. Ca. 1660
Teniers The Younger, David

A monkey dressed as a sculptor works in his studio, making a statue of a satyr while another helps him and a third, dressed in elegant clothes, watches his work attentively. Other works by the artist are visible in the background, including the tomb of another simian. This work is paired with The Monkey Painter (P01805) and both offer Tenier´s critical vision of merely imitative artistic activity.

Susannah and the Elders
Oil on canvas. 1617
Guercino (Giovanni Francesco Barbieri)
Susannah and the Elders
Oil on canvas. 1617
Guercino (Giovanni Francesco Barbieri)

Historian Denis Mahon has masterfully shown that this painting and two other famous works by Guercino -Lot and his daughters (Monastery of El Escorial, Madrid) and The return of the Prodigal Son (Galleria Sabauda, Turin)- were painted for Cardinal Alessandro Ludovisi in 1617 and 1618, while the artist was in Bologna.According to the Old Testament (Daniel:13), Archian and Sedechia were two elderly

Juan Martínez Montañés
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1635
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y
Juan Martínez Montañés
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1635
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y

A sculptor is shown modeling (possibly in wax) a head of Philip IV, making this one of the most important 17th-century Spanish portraits of an artist. Besides its impeccable quality, this work is a veritable manifesto on the image art makers wanted to project of themselves. The sculptor looks fixedly at the viewer, making his expression and face (where the Idea resides) more important that his man

Pool in the Gardens of the Real Alcázar, Seville
Oil on panel. 1868
Madrazo y Garreta, Raimundo de
Pool in the Gardens of the Real Alcázar, Seville
Oil on panel. 1868
Madrazo y Garreta, Raimundo de

Two little girls play with one of the swans in the pool of the Jardín de las Damas at the Real Alcázar in Seville. Madrazo displays here his extraordinary skill with colours, particularly in the rich range of greens that dominate much of the composition, and in the marked contrast between the strongly-lit whitewashed wall and the shady area behind the arches.

The Monkey Painter
Oil on panel. Ca. 1660
Teniers The Younger, David
The Monkey Painter
Oil on panel. Ca. 1660
Teniers The Younger, David

The teacher at this money school punishes one of the students while another seems to be interceding on his behalf. Behind, the rest of the students look on in fear from their tables. This is a criticism of the bad social attitudes whose stupidity and lack of rational thought is symbolized here by monkeys. Teniers dealt with this matter on several occasions. In the present example, he is clearly cr

The Marchioness of Santa Cruz
Oil on unlined canvas. 1805
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
The Marchioness of Santa Cruz
Oil on unlined canvas. 1805
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

Joaquina Téllez-Girón y Pimentel (1784-1851) was the daughter of the Duke and Duchess of Osuna and Marchioness of Santa Cruz by her marriage to José Gabriel de Silva y Walstein in 1801. A friend of poets and literati, she was one of the most admired women of her time. Goya presents her wearing white crêpe and reposing on a canapé upholstered in red velvet. She is

The Sense of Touch
Oil on canvas. 1632
Ribera, Jusepe de, lo Spagnoletto
The Sense of Touch
Oil on canvas. 1632
Ribera, Jusepe de, lo Spagnoletto

A poorly dressed blind man stands out against a dark background. With his hands, he touches a sculpted bust on a table that also bears a painting of a face. The work was signed by Jusepe de Ribera in 1632, but even without that signature there would be no doubt as to its authorship, as both its style and its subject matter are typical of his work. The figure is quintessentially Riberesque, as are

A Square in Paris
Oil on canvas. 1887
Meifrén Roig, Eliseo
A Square in Paris
Oil on canvas. 1887
Meifrén Roig, Eliseo

This is one of Meifrén’s views of Paris, where he spent various periods from the late 1870s onwards. It depicts a café on the Place de Clichy near Montmartre. It predates the depictions of such subjects by other Catalan artists including Santiago Rusiñol and Ramón Casas, while the truncated, angled position of the table in the foreground reveals the influence of the rec

The Artist
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1887
Martínez del Rincón y Trives, Serafín
The Artist
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1887
Martínez del Rincón y Trives, Serafín

El palentino Martínez del Rincón desarrolló una carrera marcada por las reminiscencias de un romanticismo tardío. Combinó su interés por los asuntos orientalistas con la pintura de tipos femeninos, que abordó siempre desde arquetipos conservadores. Esta es una de sus pinturas más célebres en ese sentido, y una de las muchas imágenes de la feminidad que le adquirió el Estado a través de los premios

Woman Painting by the Sea
Oil on panel. Ca. 1882
Palmaroli y González, Vicente
Woman Painting by the Sea
Oil on panel. Ca. 1882
Palmaroli y González, Vicente

A woman paints energetically à plein air in a fashionable resort on the Normandy coast. Although it cannot be ruled out that this is a portrait of a real woman artist, the ambiguous characterisation would distance it from the conventions used to depict male painters by both Palmaroli and the artists of his closest circle.

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