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The Eucharistic Christ
Oil on panel. 1520 - 1530
Yáñez de la Almedina, Fernando
The Eucharistic Christ
Oil on panel. 1520 - 1530
Yáñez de la Almedina, Fernando

The composition derives from a lost work by Leonardo repeated by Yáñez on two other occasions with some variants. Here he includes a chalice and a consecrated Host, a Eucharistic reference that enjoyed a lengthy tradition in Spanish and particularly Valencian art. The emphasis on anatomical definition, subtle colour and a unifying light are characteristic of the artist at this period

Hercules defeats King Geryon
Oil on canvas. 1634
Zurbarán, Francisco de
Hercules defeats King Geryon
Oil on canvas. 1634
Zurbarán, Francisco de

This painting depicts the moment after Hercules has killed King Geryon, identified by the crown on his head. The monarch had come to defend his herd of oxen and cows after the god Eurystheus had ordered Hercules to steal them.This work is part of a series of ten paintings that Francisco de Zurbarán was commissioned to paint in 1634 as decoration for the Hall of Realms in the Buen Retiro Pal

Landscape with Carmelites
Oil on canvas. 1634 - 1639
Both, Jan
Landscape with Carmelites
Oil on canvas. 1634 - 1639
Both, Jan

This painting entered the Museum as an original work by Jan Both, attribution that has been maintained in the catalogues until the present day. In 1973 Valdivieso identifies it as the picture listed in the 1701 inventory of the Palace of the Buen Retiro and retains the ascription to Jan Both, which is supported by Luna (1984) and Capitelli (2005). Burke (1976) refers to it without an attribution.B

Still Life with Animals
Oil on canvas. 1680 - 1690
Hondecoeter, Melchior D´
Still Life with Animals
Oil on canvas. 1680 - 1690
Hondecoeter, Melchior D´

The painting featured here is an example of the characteristic compositions with poultry in which D`Hondecoeter specialised. This type of painting was brought to Utrecht in 1619 by Roeland Savery (1576-1639), who had, in turn, been introduced to this genre -of which the most prominent and influential practitioner was Frans Snyders (1592-1667)- while at the court of Rudolf II of Prague.D`Hondecoete

The Death of Hercules
Oil on canvas. 1634
Zurbarán, Francisco de
The Death of Hercules
Oil on canvas. 1634
Zurbarán, Francisco de

This episode, which illustrates Hercules’s death, was narrated in great detail by Baltasar de Victoria, who tells how the hero killed Nessus the centaur for having attempted to rape Hercules’s bride, Deianira. After the wedding, when it came time to cross the Evinos River that runs through Aetolia, it could not be forded as the water was quite deep. Nessus the Centaur happed to be there and offere

Anthony Morris Storer
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1790
Shee, Sir Martin Archer
Anthony Morris Storer
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1790
Shee, Sir Martin Archer

This portrait shows the diplomat, collector and bibliophile Anthony Morris Storer (1746–1799) studying various items of interest that he donated upon his death to Eton College, where he had been educated. The sitter was a successful socialite who concentrated after his political career on his facet as a collector.

The Burial of Christ
Oil on canvas. 1572
Titian (Tiziano Vecellio)
The Burial of Christ
Oil on canvas. 1572
Titian (Tiziano Vecellio)

Titian represented the Gospel account of the burial of Christ (Matthew 27: 57-61; Mark 15: 44-47; Luke 23: 50-54; John 19: 38-42) on several occasions. There is a notable difference between his first version (Paris, Louvre) of around 1526 which is clearly indebted to Raphael´s painting of that subject (Rome, Galleria Borghese), and his other versions painted between 1559 and 1572. The main differe

El Cid
Oil on canvas. 1879
Bonheur, Rosa
El Cid
Oil on canvas. 1879
Bonheur, Rosa

During the Franco-Prussian War, Rosa Bonheur developed a singular fondness for lions. According to Anna Klumpke, her partner in the final years of her life, Bonheur was always attracted to the primeval energy of animals. She began studying them at fairs, which she visited in trousers to observe horses and cattle. Her choice of clothing required a “transvestite permit” from the authorities, as only

The Penintent Saint Jerome
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1650
Murillo, Bartolomé Esteban
The Penintent Saint Jerome
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1650
Murillo, Bartolomé Esteban

Jerome meditates before a crucifix in the solitude of his retreat. The numerous objects depicted around him refer to different aspects of his life. The books, papers and writing equipment allude to his celebrated intellectual activities, the skull to his acts of penitence, and the red hat to his status as a cardinal.

The Assumption of the Virgin
Oil on canvas. Mid-XVIIcentury
Cabezalero, Juan Martín
The Assumption of the Virgin
Oil on canvas. Mid-XVIIcentury
Cabezalero, Juan Martín

The rather monumental conception of this composition was customary for this painter, but here it is due to the fact that he was drawing on a well-known print by Schelte a Boswert that had also been used by his teacher, Carreño de Miranda. Indeed, Cabezalero may have first seen this print in Carreño´s studio. That would justify this painting´s early dating in his catalog. The group of

The Annunciation
Oil on canvas. 1597 - 1600
el Greco (Domenikos Theotokopoulos)
The Annunciation
Oil on canvas. 1597 - 1600
el Greco (Domenikos Theotokopoulos)

A passage from the New Testament (Luke I, 26-38) that tells of the annunciation of the Virgin´s motherhood by the Archangel Gabriel and the incarnation of Christ in Mary by the Holy Ghost in the form of a dove. The burning bush, which appeared to A passage from the New Testament (Luke I, 26-38) that tells of the annunciation of the Virgin´s motherhood by the Archangel Gabriel and the incarnation o

Tityus
Oil on canvas. 1632
Ribera, Jusepe de, lo Spagnoletto
Tityus
Oil on canvas. 1632
Ribera, Jusepe de, lo Spagnoletto

Tityus, the son of Jupiter and Elara, appears chained to the boulder in Tartarus while an eagle eternally devours his liver. The Giant received that punishment for attempting to rape one of his father’s lovers with the encouragement of Juno. The subject of the Furies -Tityus, Ixion, Tantalus and Sisyphus- became quite popular in European art of the Modern Age, especially in palace decorations. The

The Sense of Taste
Oil on panel. 1618
Rubens, Peter Paul; Brueghel The Elder, Jan (Jan 'velvet' Brueghel)
The Sense of Taste
Oil on panel. 1618
Rubens, Peter Paul; Brueghel The Elder, Jan (Jan 'velvet' Brueghel)

This set of paintings on the five senses (Sight, Hearing, Smell, Taste, Touch) was one of the most successful collaborations of Peter Paul Rubens and Jan Brueghel “the Elder”. Rubens placed his figures in the magnificent courtly scenes created by Brueghel as settings for these allegories of the senses, resulting in a series of enormous quality and esthetic appeal. The subject was widely employed i

The Apparition of Saint Peter to Saint Peter Nolasco
Oil on canvas. 1629
Zurbarán, Francisco de
The Apparition of Saint Peter to Saint Peter Nolasco
Oil on canvas. 1629
Zurbarán, Francisco de

Saint Peter Nolasco, founded the order of Our Lady of Mercy, also known as the Mercederians, whose main objective was to rescue Christians held captive by the Muslims. The convent of la Merced Calzada for which this work was painted had been founded by Ferdinand III in 1249 -the year Pedro Nolasco died- but it was entirely reconstructed in the early 17th century. In August 1628, Zurbarán wa

A Blind Hurdy-Gurdy Player
Oil on canvas. 1620 - 1630
la Tour, Georges de
A Blind Hurdy-Gurdy Player
Oil on canvas. 1620 - 1630
la Tour, Georges de

The blind man appears in profile playing his hurdy-gurdy, a stringed instrument with which he earns his living. Despite his miserable state, La Tour depicts him with considerable dignity, dressed in a cape that hides a chestnut vest and salmon-colored trousers. His face shows the mark of time, with tanned skin, deep wrinkles and an unkempt beard. His strong hands seem out of place for a musician b

Hercules and the Erymanthian Boar
Oil on canvas. 1634
Zurbarán, Francisco de
Hercules and the Erymanthian Boar
Oil on canvas. 1634
Zurbarán, Francisco de

Hercules’s encounter with the Erimanthean bore is not the best known of his labors. At first glance, it would appear to be nothing more than a new demonstration of his capacity to vanquish evil and save humanity from its excesses. Zurbarán’s depiction places the hero in the foreground at the center of the composition. He is about to kill the colossal wild bore that was laying waste to the l

Exterior of Saint Peter’s, Rome
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1636
Codazzi, Viviano
Exterior of Saint Peter’s, Rome
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1636
Codazzi, Viviano

This painting depicts the façade of Saint Peter’s as it was designed by the architect Carlo Maderno and before the re-modelling undertaken by Gian Lorenzo Bernini, who had the clock tower on the right demolished and added the colonnade that exists today. The ceremony taking place in the foreground remains unidentified. The buildings in this canvas were painted by Codazzi, while Falcone was

The Rape of Hippodamia
Oil on canvas. 1636 - 1637
Rubens, Peter Paul (And Workshop)
The Rape of Hippodamia
Oil on canvas. 1636 - 1637
Rubens, Peter Paul (And Workshop)

Like Fortuna (P1674) and the Marriage of Peleus and Thetis (P1634), the Rape of Hippodamia was part of the massive cycle of mythologies designed by Peter Paul Rubens in 1636-37 for the Torre de la Parada, Philip IV´s newly constructed hunting lodge on the outskirts of Madrid. The oil sketch for this picture, now in Brussels (Musees Royaux des Beaux-Arts de Belgique), was largely replicated in the

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