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The Pilgrimage to San Isidro
Mixed method on mural transferred to canvas. 1820 - 1823
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
The Pilgrimage to San Isidro
Mixed method on mural transferred to canvas. 1820 - 1823
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

The mural paintings that decorated the house known as “la Quinta del Sordo,” where Goya lived have come to be known as the Black Paintings, because he used so many dark pigments and blacks in them, and also because of their somber subject matter. The private and intimate character of that house allowed the artist to express himself with great liberty. He painted directly on the walls in what must

Portrait of Queen María Luisa
Oil on unlined canvas. 1790
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de (Copy)
Portrait of Queen María Luisa
Oil on unlined canvas. 1790
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de (Copy)

Upon the death of Charles III, Goya was asked to paint portraits of the new monarchs, Charles Bourbon IV and his wife, María Luisa of Parma. As a recently named Royal Painter, the artist was responsible for supplying portraits of the Royal Family; aided by several painters in his workshop, he was required to fulfill the commissions of numerous different institutions and private citizens thr

Portrait of King Charles IV
Oil on canvas. 1790
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de (Copy)
Portrait of King Charles IV
Oil on canvas. 1790
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de (Copy)

Upon the death of Charles III, Goya was asked to paint portraits of the new monarchs, Charles Bourbon IV and his wife, María Luisa of Parma. As a recently named Royal Painter, the artist was responsible for supplying portraits of the Royal Family; aided by several painters in his workshop, he was required to fulfill the commissions of numerous different institutions and private citizens thr

Portrait of King Charles IV as Prince of Asturias
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1765
Mengs, Anton Raphael (Replica)
Portrait of King Charles IV as Prince of Asturias
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1765
Mengs, Anton Raphael (Replica)

Mengs had a profound influence on the younger generation of Spanish painters, notably on the Bayeus, Maella, Inza, Goya and Vicente López Portaña. His Neoclassical style was diametrically opposed to Tiepolo´s, whose style and paintings were falling out of fashion. The Spanish Collections hold many of his portraits. He was a refined and skyfull court painter with exquisite technique,

Handcuffed by the roadside
Pencil on laid paper. 1824 - 1828
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Handcuffed by the roadside
Pencil on laid paper. 1824 - 1828
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

Here, Goya used a black crayon containing grease, thus providing greater plasticity. He began by gently sketching the background, and then added layers, as he did in paintings. Applying only the slightest pressure with the sharpened pencil, he created the contours and little by little intensified the volumes so as to strongly emphasize the expressive details. These grease pencils were similar to t

Monks in procession
Pencil on laid paper. 1824 - 1828
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Monks in procession
Pencil on laid paper. 1824 - 1828
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

Processions are a frequent element in Goya´s last works, and are always depicted with a noticeably dark tone, such as I the The San Isidro Pilgrimage, one of his Black Paintings. Here the monks hide their faces, while walking together forming a crowd; these are two common resources used by Goya to express lying, submission and the absence of critical thinking. The image shows his technical mastery

Time Devouring Men
Red chalk on laid paper. Ca. 1797
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Time Devouring Men
Red chalk on laid paper. Ca. 1797
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

Red chalk over a preliminary outline drawing in black chalk, on laid paper. The figure in this drawing has traditionally been identified as the god Saturn -in Greek mythology, Kronos, or Time-who devoured his newborn sons to prevent future challenges to his power. Here, however, the old man does not eat children but rather adult men whom he has stripped and disarmed, as indicated by the clothes an

Still life with Game: a hare and birds
Oil on canvas. 1786 - 1787
Nani, Mariano
Still life with Game: a hare and birds
Oil on canvas. 1786 - 1787
Nani, Mariano

According to Nani himself, this still life depicts: a “rest during the hunt with a hat on the ground” and the hunter’s bagged game. The dead animals are shown in different states: the hare still bleeding, the partridge already skinned and one of the three partridges plucked. Together, the birds present a realistic vision, albeit one subordinated to the decorative nature of the composition. This ca

Still life with Game: partridge, duck and other birds
Oil on canvas. 1786 - 1787
Nani, Mariano
Still life with Game: partridge, duck and other birds
Oil on canvas. 1786 - 1787
Nani, Mariano

Nani depicts a partridge and a female duck tied to a tree, a thrush and two quails, one of them already plucked and skinned in preparation for cooking. While the birds’ different states refer to various stages in the hunt, the decorative nature of the composition prevails over their realistic appearance. This canvas was commissioned by the heir to the throne, the future Charles IV, for the Royal P

Against the Common Weal
Etching, Burnisher on wove paper. 1814 - 1815
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Against the Common Weal
Etching, Burnisher on wove paper. 1814 - 1815
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

The interpretation of the Emphatic Caprices focuses on different aspects of the repression and the return to absolutism that followed King Ferdinand VII’s return to Spain. These are clearly set out in his Royal Decree of May 4, 1814: “In accordance with the decided and widespread demonstrations of my peoples’ will, inasmuch as they are just and well founded, We declare [...] that constitution and

María Teresa Moret
Oil on canvas. 1901
Sorolla y Bastida, Joaquín
María Teresa Moret
Oil on canvas. 1901
Sorolla y Bastida, Joaquín

Representative of Sorolla’s fully mature period, this work is also one of the finest female portraits he ever executed. The artist knew the sitter very well, as she was the wife of one of his closest friends, whose portrait he would, in turn, paint the following year. The amiable frankness with which they related to each other, expressed by the artist in his dedication, and his recognition of the

Kitchen Still Life
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1664
Cerezo, Mateo
Kitchen Still Life
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1664
Cerezo, Mateo

A profusion of cooking utensils and hearty meats -game birds fresh from the hunt and not yet dressed, a recently-killed lamb, a calf’s head, and other cuts- are laid out on a work surface, as if the painter had found them thus in a kitchen, awaiting the preparation of a meal. The apparent disorderly informality of the painting’s composition gives it an air of immediacy and lifelikeness, but is in

The Milkmaid of Bordeaux
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1827
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
The Milkmaid of Bordeaux
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1827
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

An image of a young milkmaid with an apron, a shawl on her shoulders and a scarf holding back her hair. There is a milk jug behind her, to the left. The bottom-to-top perspective seems intended to give the sensation that she is riding a mule. The light colors and straightforward subject matter contrast with Goya´s last works, both in Madrid and in Bordeaux, when darker color schemes brought out mo

Judith at the Banquet of Holofernes
Oil on canvas. 1634
Rembrandt (Rembrandt Harmensz. Van Rijn)
Judith at the Banquet of Holofernes
Oil on canvas. 1634
Rembrandt (Rembrandt Harmensz. Van Rijn)

In the past various authors have expressed their scepticism about the attribution of the painting to Rembrandt. However, the Rembrandt Research Project includes it in the Corpus of 1986 as an original work, and this is supported by the technical study conducted at the Museo del Prado that year. As for the signature, the unsteadiness of the stroke and, above all, the yellow colour make it dubious.

Francisco Pacheco
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1620
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y
Francisco Pacheco
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1620
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y

The second half of the 16th century and the first decades of the 17th saw the rise in Spain of male bust portraits in which the model normally appears against a neutral background with no elements to indicate his profession or identity. Often, the model wears a black suit with a ruff collar to indicate his bourgeois or noble social standing. Mostly, these portraits were made for private use as per

Still Life with Watermelon, Pastries, Bread and Wine
Oil on canvas. 1770
Meléndez, Luis Egidio
Still Life with Watermelon, Pastries, Bread and Wine
Oil on canvas. 1770
Meléndez, Luis Egidio

Luis Meléndez distinguished himself as the greatest bodegón, or still-life, painter in late eighteenth-century Spain. By this time, the popularity of the genre had declined in Spain and was not practiced by any of Meléndez’ contemporaries at court. Even so, Meléndez painted over one hundred bodegones in his lifetime, leading art historians to infer that he took a person

The Pottery Vendor
Oil on canvas. 1778 - 1779
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
The Pottery Vendor
Oil on canvas. 1778 - 1779
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

This canvas belongs to the series of 20 cartoons for tapestries commissioned from Goya by Anton Raphael Mengs in October 1777. They depict scenes from contemporary life and were designed for the bedchamber (and its anteroom) of the Prince and Princess of Asturias in the palace of El Pardo. The cartoon for The pottery vendor entered the Museo del Prado in 1870 from the repository of cartoons in the

The Drowning Dog
Mixed method on mural transferred to canvas. 1820 - 1823
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
The Drowning Dog
Mixed method on mural transferred to canvas. 1820 - 1823
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

The mural paintings that decorated the house known as “la Quinta del Sordo,” where Goya lived have come to be known as the Black Paintings, because he used so many dark pigments and blacks in them, and also because of their somber subject matter. The private and intimate character of that house allowed the artist to express himself with great liberty. He painted directly on the walls in what must

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