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Portrait of King Charles IV
Oil on canvas. 1790
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de (Copy)
Portrait of King Charles IV
Oil on canvas. 1790
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de (Copy)

Upon the death of Charles III, Goya was asked to paint portraits of the new monarchs, Charles Bourbon IV and his wife, María Luisa of Parma. As a recently named Royal Painter, the artist was responsible for supplying portraits of the Royal Family; aided by several painters in his workshop, he was required to fulfill the commissions of numerous different institutions and private citizens thr

Ferdinand IV, King of Naples
Oil on canvas. 1760
Mengs, Anton Raphael
Ferdinand IV, King of Naples
Oil on canvas. 1760
Mengs, Anton Raphael

Ferdinand IV (1751-1825) was the third son of Charles VII of Naples and his wife, Maria Amalia of Saxony. When his father acceded to the Spanish throne as Charles III in 1759, he became king of Naples. The sitter wears the Orders of the Golden Fleece and San Gennaro. His childish grace contrasts with the courtly pomp of the setting.

Carlos IV
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1789
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Carlos IV
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1789
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

A portrait of King Carlos IV (1784-1819) wearing red velvet and decorated with the Golden Fleece, on a background of curtains that partially hide a crown at the right edge of the composition. This work may have been made shortly after the Monarch took the throne, as he still wears the sash of Carlos III (1716-1788), whose design was specified on 24 October 1772. Its combination of colors was modif

Charles IV and his Family honoured by the University of Valencia
Oil on canvas. 1802
López Portaña, Vicente
Charles IV and his Family honoured by the University of Valencia
Oil on canvas. 1802
López Portaña, Vicente

During his visit to Valencia in 1802, the Literary University of the city gave the King this painting which shows the university, personified as a young matron, introducing the royal family to the various faculties: Theology, Law, Philosophy and Medicine. They are accompanied by the goddess Minerva, who points to Peace, Victory and Abundance, who fly over this symbolic reception.

Charles III
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1765
Mengs, Anton Raphael
Charles III
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1765
Mengs, Anton Raphael

This image of King Charles III was paired with a portrait of his wife, Maria Amalia of Saxony (P2201), although the image of the queen was not painted in her presence. Instead, it was invented on the basis of other likenesses, as she died before the artist was able to paint her.Mengs’s effigie of Charles III became the monarch’s official image and was therefore the object of various replicas. One

Charles III
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1774
Mengs, Anton Raphael
Charles III
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1774
Mengs, Anton Raphael

A solemn prototype of the effigy of Charles III, who stands in armour in front of a purple hanging and a column, traditional symbols of royal power. Replica of P02200, on the occasion of the foundation of the Royal Order of Carlos III.

Charles III in Hunting Dress
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1786
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Charles III in Hunting Dress
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1786
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

A portrait of King Charles III (1716-1788), son of Philip V and Elizabeth of Farnesio, shortly before he died in Madrid on December 14, 1788. The king appears in a royal hunting preserve, either around El Escorial, or between the El Pardo Palace and the mountains of Madrid. He is dressed as a hunter, with the sashes of the Orders of Carlos III, Saint Januarius and the Holy Ghost, as well as the Go

Infante Louis I, King of Etruria, Prince of Parma
Oil on canvas. 1800
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Infante Louis I, King of Etruria, Prince of Parma
Oil on canvas. 1800
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

This is a preparatory sketch for The Family of Charles IV. Son of Ferdinand, Duke of Parma, and the Archduchess Maria Amalia of Lorraine, the sitter was born in Piacenza in 1773. In 1795 he married the Spanish Infanta María Luisa Josefina. Proclaimed first King of Etruria by Napoleon in 1801, he died in Florence in 1803. Goya brilliantly defines the texture and movement of the hair, paintin

Charles IV
Oil on unlined canvas. 1789
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Charles IV
Oil on unlined canvas. 1789
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

In this full-length portrait, King Carlos IV (1748-1819) wears a red frock coat adorned with silver and carries a ruler´s staff. His decorations include the Golden Fleece and the sash of the order of Carlos III. The Royal crown rests on an ermine-lined purple robe on the table to his side. This painting is paired with Goya´s portrait of Queen María Luisa in a Dress with hooped (

Cardinal Luis María de Borbón y Vallabriga
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1802
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Cardinal Luis María de Borbón y Vallabriga
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1802
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

Cardinal Luis María de Borbón y Vallabriga (1777-1823) was the Countess of Chinchón’s brother and the son of the Infante Luis de Borbón and María Teresa de Vallabriga, whose morganatic marriage obliged them to live away from the court (María Teresa was from the minor nobility). It was only after Luis María’s appointment as archbishop of Seville in 1

The Prince of Asturias, the future Charles IV
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1765
Mengs, Anton Raphael
The Prince of Asturias, the future Charles IV
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1765
Mengs, Anton Raphael

This portrait of Charles IV as the Prince of Asturias has as its pendant a portrait of his wife, María Luisa of Parma, also in the Museo del Prado (P2189). Anton Raphael Mengs had come to Spain in 1761 at the invitation of Charles III in order to serve as pintor de camára, or court painter, the most prestigious appointment for an artist in the service of the king. He probably produce

1st Marquis of La Ensenada
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1750
Amigoni, Jacopo
1st Marquis of La Ensenada
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1750
Amigoni, Jacopo

Born in 1702, Zenón de Somodevilla y Bengoechea obtained a marquisate in 1736 following the conquest of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies for the Infante don Carlos. Quartermaster General of the Navy, in 1743 he became Secretary of State, the Treasury, and of the Army and Navy. As minister under Ferdinand VI he achieved unequalled power. In favour of friendly relations with France, the Marqui

Carlos IV on Horseback
Oil on canvas. 1799 - 1800
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Carlos IV on Horseback
Oil on canvas. 1799 - 1800
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

An equestrian portrait of the Spanish monarch wearing the uniform of a colonel of the Guardia de Corps, with other insignias, such as the Sash of the Order of Carlos III, that of Saint Genaro and the Golden Fleece. This painting was made as a pair to the equestrian portrait of his wife, Queen Maria Luisa de Parma (1751-1818), which is also at the Prado Museum (P720). The composition reveals Velasq

Infante Antonio Pascual
Oil on canvas. 1800
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Infante Antonio Pascual
Oil on canvas. 1800
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

This is a preparatory sketch for The Family of Charles IV. Brother of Charles IV, the sitter was born in Naples in 1755. In 1795 he married his niece, the Infanta María Amalia, who died without heir in 1798. In 1808 Ferdinand VII appointed him president of the Junta Suprema of the government while the monarch was obliged to attend Napoleon’s summons to France. During the War of Independence

Gabriel of Bourbon and Saxony, Infante of Spain
Oil on canvas. 1767
Mengs, Anton Raphael
Gabriel of Bourbon and Saxony, Infante of Spain
Oil on canvas. 1767
Mengs, Anton Raphael

Son of Charles III and Maria Amalia of Saxony, Gabriel (1752-1788) was a celebrated patron of art and a translator of the Roman historian Sallust. He wears the Cross of Malta together with the insignias of the Orders of the Golden Fleece, San Gennaro and the Saint-Esprit. Mengs introduced a sense of naturalness and dignified simplicity into royal portraiture.

Infante Carlos María Isidro
Oil on canvas. 1800
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Infante Carlos María Isidro
Oil on canvas. 1800
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

This is a preparatory sketch for The Family of Charles IV. Son of Charles IV and María Luisa, the sitter was born in 1788. In 1816 he married María Francisca of Portugal, daughter of his sister Carlota Joaquina. Second in line to the throne, on the death of Ferdinand VII in 1833 he pursued his claim against his niece Isabel II, resulting in the Carlist wars. He died in exile in Tries

The Family of Carlos IV
Oil on canvas. 1800
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
The Family of Carlos IV
Oil on canvas. 1800
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

This portrait of the family of King Carlos IV (1748-1819) was painted in Aranjuez and Madrid in the spring and summer of 1800, shortly after Goya was named First Chamber Painter. It clearly show´s the artist´s mastery at individualizing characters. The forerunners to this complex composition are Louis-Michel van Loo´s Portrait of Felipe V and his Family (P02283) and Velázquez´s Las Meninas

Portrait of Ferdinand, Duke of Parma
Oil on canvas. 1756 - 1757
Baldrighi, Giuseppe (?)
Portrait of Ferdinand, Duke of Parma
Oil on canvas. 1756 - 1757
Baldrighi, Giuseppe (?)

El retratado es Fernando de Borbón Parma (1751-1802), hijo de Felipe de Borbón, duque de Parma e infante de España, y de Luisa Isabel de Francia, hija de Luis XV. Su condición de nieto del rey Felipe V explica la llegada de la pintura a las colecciones reales españolas, conservando el Museo del Prado otro retrato suyo de igual procedencia que le representa en una edad algo más avanzada, debido a G

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