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Joseph and the Wife of Putiphar
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1555
Tintoretto, Jacopo Robusti
Joseph and the Wife of Putiphar
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1555
Tintoretto, Jacopo Robusti

Joseph is a handsome and virtuous slave falsely accused of rape by his master´s wife, whose advances he has rejected. He is imprisoned, but eventually raised to the highest office by Pharaoh (Exodus: 39). Joseph and the Wife of Putiphar and Susannah and the Elders (P386) can be understood as parables of righteousness threatened and preserved, but here -as was usual for artists of the Renaissance a

The Battle of Clavijo
Oil on canvas. 1755 - 1756
Giaquinto, Corrado
The Battle of Clavijo
Oil on canvas. 1755 - 1756
Giaquinto, Corrado

Mounted on a white steed and flanked by an angel bearing a flag, Saint James gallops over a multitude of fallen Moors and horses. The battle scene occupies a rocky landscape in the middle ground. This canvas is a sketch for the elliptical dome at the entrance to the Royal Palace’s chapel and was painted by Giaquinto between 1756 and 1757. The canvas and its corresponding fresco are clearly derived

Saint Joseph with the Christ Child
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1650
Martínez, Sebastián
Saint Joseph with the Christ Child
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1650
Martínez, Sebastián

Saint Joseph grasps Jesus’s arm to prevent him from taking fruit from the basket. This action is loaded with meaning, given the sacrificial and Eucharistic significance of both the Child’s violet tunic and the grapes and pomegranates that predominate in the fruit basket. The painter, who is now getting better known, worked in Jaen and at Court in Madrid in the mid-seventeenth century.

The Surrender of Breda
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1635
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y
The Surrender of Breda
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1635
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y

On June 5, 1625 the Dutch governor of Breda, Justinus van Nassau, surrendered the keys of that city to Ambrosio Spínola, the Genoese general commanding the Spanish tercios (a group of soldiers that included pikemen, swordsmen and musketeers) of Flanders. Breda`s extraordinary strategic importance made it one of the most disputed cities in the Spanish monarchy`s prolonged war against the Uni

Roman Athletes
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1640
Falcone, Aniello
Roman Athletes
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1640
Falcone, Aniello

This work belongs to a group from the History of Rome series for the Buen Retiro Palace. Dedicated to depictions of Roman public pastimes, the group includes athletes, gladiators, chariots, animal fights, mock sea battles and so on. Following initial doubts, the Buen Retiro Palace was conceived as a place of leisure, where it would be possible to forget the worries associated with running the mona

Juan Francisco de Pimentel, Count of Benavente
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1648
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y (Attributed To)
Juan Francisco de Pimentel, Count of Benavente
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1648
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y (Attributed To)

Juan Francisco Alfonso de Pimentel Ponce de León, 10th Count and 7th Duke of Benavente (1584-1652), is portrayed more than half length with a whole host of attributes that confirm is supreme military rank in the Spanish army. In addition to gentleman-in-waiting to Phillip IV, he was appointed captain general in charge of frontier defense during the Portuguese uprising (1641) and participate

The Infanta Catalina Micaela
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1585
Pantoja de la Cruz, Juan (Attributed To)
The Infanta Catalina Micaela
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1585
Pantoja de la Cruz, Juan (Attributed To)

La infanta Catalina Micaela fue la menor de las dos hijas habidas en el matrimonio del rey Felipe II con su tercera esposa, Isabel de Valois. Nació en Madrid en 1567. Junto a su hermana mayor, Isabel Clara Eugenia, ocupó un lugar preferente en los sentimientos del rey, su padre, como denotan sus relaciones epistolares. Como Infanta de España, tenía reservado además un puesto preciso en la política

The Siesta, or Pompeian Scene
Oil on canvas. 1868
Alma-Tadema, Sir Lawrence
The Siesta, or Pompeian Scene
Oil on canvas. 1868
Alma-Tadema, Sir Lawrence

A domestic scene set in classical antiquity. An old man and a youth recline on divans while an attractive young woman plays music on a double flute. Both the clothing and the setting suggest the Greek world, and the motives and clothing are rigorously faithful to archeological discoveries made in the mid nineteenth century. Despite being Dutch by birth, Sir Lawrence Alma cultivated an eclectic per

The Apparition of Saint Peter to Saint Peter Nolasco
Oil on canvas. 1629
Zurbarán, Francisco de
The Apparition of Saint Peter to Saint Peter Nolasco
Oil on canvas. 1629
Zurbarán, Francisco de

Saint Peter Nolasco, founded the order of Our Lady of Mercy, also known as the Mercederians, whose main objective was to rescue Christians held captive by the Muslims. The convent of la Merced Calzada for which this work was painted had been founded by Ferdinand III in 1249 -the year Pedro Nolasco died- but it was entirely reconstructed in the early 17th century. In August 1628, Zurbarán wa

Still Life with Watermelon, Pastries, Bread and Wine
Oil on canvas. 1770
Meléndez, Luis Egidio
Still Life with Watermelon, Pastries, Bread and Wine
Oil on canvas. 1770
Meléndez, Luis Egidio

Luis Meléndez distinguished himself as the greatest bodegón, or still-life, painter in late eighteenth-century Spain. By this time, the popularity of the genre had declined in Spain and was not practiced by any of Meléndez’ contemporaries at court. Even so, Meléndez painted over one hundred bodegones in his lifetime, leading art historians to infer that he took a person

The Relief of Constance
Oil on canvas. 1634
Carducho, Vicente
The Relief of Constance
Oil on canvas. 1634
Carducho, Vicente

This painting celebrates the freeing of the Swiss town of Constance from its besiegement by Swedish troops under General Horn, who sought to cut off communication between imperial troops and Spanish soldiers at La Valtellina and the Duchy of Milan. Along with The Storming of Rheinfelden (P637) and The Capture of Breisach (P859), this is one of the three paintings at the Hall of Realms that commemo

Constantine’s Triumphal Entry in Rome
Oil on canvas. 1636 - 1638
Gargiulo, Domenico, Called Micco Spadaro; Codazzi, Viviano
Constantine’s Triumphal Entry in Rome
Oil on canvas. 1636 - 1638
Gargiulo, Domenico, Called Micco Spadaro; Codazzi, Viviano

This work and Vespasian’s Triumphal Entry in Rome (P237) are among the earliest examples of the collaboration between Domenico Gargiulo (also known as Micco Spadaro) and Viviano Codazzi, in which the former painted the figures and the latter, the architectural backgrounds. These two paintings were part of a group that also included Lanfranco’s depiction of an emperor’s triumphal entry into Rome: T

Landscape with Wayfarers, Boy and Dog
Oil on canvas. 1639 - 1641
Swanevelt, Herman Van
Landscape with Wayfarers, Boy and Dog
Oil on canvas. 1639 - 1641
Swanevelt, Herman Van

The painting entered the Museum`s holdings as an original work by Herman van Swanevelt, an attribution that has been maintained by subsequent catalogues. In 1973 Valdivieso identifies it as the landscape described in the inventory of 1701 and maintains the ascription to Van Swanevelt, which is also backed by Burke (1976), Luna (1984), Barghahn (1986), Galera Mendoza (2001) and Steland (forthcoming

The Victory at Fleurus
Oil on canvas. 1634
Carducho, Vicente
The Victory at Fleurus
Oil on canvas. 1634
Carducho, Vicente

This painting depicts the battle of Fleurus, near Brussels, which pitted troops from the Catholic League commanded by General Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba against Protestant Union soldiers led by Count Ernst von Mansfeld and Prince Christian of Brunswick. The Catholic League’s victory on August 29, 1622 freed Brussels—governed at that time by Isabel Clara Eugenia—from the threat pose

The Purification of the Midianite Virgins
Oil on canvas. Last quarter of the XVI century
Tintoretto, Jacopo Robusti (Workshop Of)
The Purification of the Midianite Virgins
Oil on canvas. Last quarter of the XVI century
Tintoretto, Jacopo Robusti (Workshop Of)

This is one of seven canvases (P00386, P00388, P00389, P00393, P00394, P00395, P00396) in a group linked by the same color scheme, a general accentuation of surface drawing and a rhythm of curved forms that link on painting to another. The scenes were designed to be seen together, at a certain height and laid out on canvases conceived as inclined planes that converged on a central painting. Clearl

Prior Boson Revives a Mason
Oil on canvas. 1626 - 1632
Carducho, Vicente
Prior Boson Revives a Mason
Oil on canvas. 1626 - 1632
Carducho, Vicente

On August 29, 1626, King Philip IV’s painter, Vicente Carducho (ca. 1576-1638), signed a contract for the creation of a cycle of paintings to celebrate the founding of the Carthusian Order by Saint Bruno and its leading members. This colossal undertaking sought to visually narrate numerous episodes from the Carthusians’ history and tradition. It was the most complete commission ever dedicated to t

Two Cows in a Meadow
Oil on panel. 1652
Potter, Paulus
Two Cows in a Meadow
Oil on panel. 1652
Potter, Paulus

Two Cows in a Meadow is one of Paulus Potter`s characteristic cabinet paintings featuring domestic animals, which were generally much more accomplished than his large compositions. They may be interpreted as a transposition to the Dutch countryside of the Roman rural landscapes with animals of Pieter van Laer, il Bamboccio (ca. 1592-1642). Hofstede de Groot does not mention this painting. Walsh (1

Landscape with Saint Rosalia of Palermo
Oil on canvas. 1634 - 1639
Swanevelt, Herman Van
Landscape with Saint Rosalia of Palermo
Oil on canvas. 1634 - 1639
Swanevelt, Herman Van

The painting entered the Museum as an original by Jan Both, and it is recorded as such in subsequent inventories and catalogues until the edition of 1976. Further, up until 1972 it is described in the Museum publications as the companion piece to Landscape with Carthusian (Saint Bruno?) (P02064) and Landscape with Saint Benedict of Nursia (P02065). In 1959 Blunt identifies it as the landscape desc

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