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The Glory of the Spirit
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1778
Bayeu, Francisco
The Glory of the Spirit
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1778
Bayeu, Francisco

Christ casting the Money Changers out of the Temple
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1725
Panini, Giovanni Paolo
Christ casting the Money Changers out of the Temple
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1725
Panini, Giovanni Paolo

Panini depicts the New Testament episode of Christ expelling the traders and money-changers from the Temple. The canvas may be a preliminary sketch for a larger composition. It was acquired by Charles IV, together with Panini’s Christ among the Doctors (P277).

Pietà
Oil on canvas. 1626
Crespi, Daniele
Pietà
Oil on canvas. 1626
Crespi, Daniele

Pieta, 1626, was acquired by Charles II in 1689 at the auction of Gaspar de Haro y Guzmán, seventh Marquis of Carpio, who was the Spanish King’s ambassador to Rome and subsequently his viceroy in Naples. In Italy, de Haro patronised numerous artists, becoming the leading private Spanish collector in the second half of the seventeenth century. After the King acquired this work, it was sent t

Fisherfolk
Oil on canvas. 1784
Maella, Mariano Salvador
Fisherfolk
Oil on canvas. 1784
Maella, Mariano Salvador

At a small Mediterranean harbour with a fortress in the background, a prosperous gentleman examines the fish a beautiful fisherwoman offers him, while an elderly woman seems to have greater expectations of this promising transaction. This is a sketch for the tapestry cartoon executed by Zacarías González Velázquez for the Pieza de Damas at the Palace of El Pardo.

The Attributes of the Virgin
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1778
Bayeu, Francisco
The Attributes of the Virgin
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1778
Bayeu, Francisco

These are sketches for the frescoes adorning the main altar of the chapel in the Palace of Aranjuez. The brilliant, highly detailed technique reveals the lingering influence of the Italian, Corrado Giaquinto. Angels bear symbols which allude to the purity of the Virgin: the mirror without blemish reflecting eternal light, and a bunch of white lilies and an open oyster with a pearl as symbols of th

Feliciana Bayeu, the Painter's Daughter
Oil on canvas. 1787
Bayeu, Francisco
Feliciana Bayeu, the Painter's Daughter
Oil on canvas. 1787
Bayeu, Francisco

Francisco Bayeu worked as a court painter to Charles III from 1767; by 1787 -the date of this small portrait- he had produced a considerable number of decorations for the royal palaces and important churches. He reached the zenith of his brilliant career as an official painter and academician around this time, being named Director of Painting at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando in 17

The Calling of the Prophet Isaiah
Oil on canvas. 1771
Bayeu, Francisco
The Calling of the Prophet Isaiah
Oil on canvas. 1771
Bayeu, Francisco

This is a preparatory oil sketch for one of the eight frescoes, now lost, by Bayeu for the dome of the collegiate church at La Granja de San Ildefonso, Segovia. They depicted the exaltation of the Trinity and the revelation of the existence of God. A seraphim with a live coal taken from the temple altar approaches Isaiah, kneeling before a vision of God, and touches him with it in order to leave h

The Death of Hyacinth
Oil on panel. 1636 - 1637
Rubens, Peter Paul
The Death of Hyacinth
Oil on panel. 1636 - 1637
Rubens, Peter Paul

Apollo helplessly contemplates the death throes of his beloved Hyacinth, who was hit by one of the discs the two were throwing in a display of their athletic skills. This is one of the preparatory sketches Rubens made for the painting Jan Cossiers carried out for use in the Torre de la Parada. Rubens based this work on a sketch by Michelangelo, revealing his interest in Renaissance artists.

Gladiators at a Banquet
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1638
Lanfranco, Giovanni Di Stefano
Gladiators at a Banquet
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1638
Lanfranco, Giovanni Di Stefano

Giovanni Lanfranco painted at least six works that can be related to the commission to decorate the Buen Retiro Palace. The first five are at the Museo del Prado -Auspices in Rome (P236); The Allocution of a Roman Emperor, (P2943); Funeral Rites for a Roman Emperor (P234); Gladiators at a Banquet and Roman Naumachia (P235)- while the sixth, Triumph of a Roman Emperor with two Captive Kings, belong

The Ascension of the Lord
Oil on canvas. 1769
Bayeu, Francisco
The Ascension of the Lord
Oil on canvas. 1769
Bayeu, Francisco

This composition with an arched top appears here in a preparatory sketch for the corresponding canvas of the Ascension that forms part, along with the Annunciation, the Nativity and Pentecost, of a series made in 1769 for the cloister of the convent of San Pascual in Aranjuez.

The Mancorbo Pass in Picos de Europa
Oil on canvas. 1876
Haes, Carlos de
The Mancorbo Pass in Picos de Europa
Oil on canvas. 1876
Haes, Carlos de

Universally considered the most emblematic painting of Spanish 19th-century realist landscape, this spectacular panorama of Picos de Europa is also Carlos de Haes absolute masterpiece. He painted it at the height of his career, with the confidence and ease of his most refined style. It is thus the maximum example of the powerful transformation that this great master of Belgian origin effected in l

The Surrender of Granada
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1763
Bayeu, Francisco
The Surrender of Granada
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1763
Bayeu, Francisco

Sketch for the fresco, The Surrender of Granada, at the old formal dining room in Madrid´s Royal Palace, from 1763.

Adam and Eve reprimanded for their Sin
Oil on canvas. 1771
Bayeu, Francisco
Adam and Eve reprimanded for their Sin
Oil on canvas. 1771
Bayeu, Francisco

Sketch for one of the eight segments of the dome of the collegiate church at La Granja, Segovia. These Old and New Testament scenes (destroyed in 1918) glorified the Holy Trinity. God reprimands Adam and Eve for disobeying him, while an angel announces to Abraham that his barren wife will bear a child.In this sketchs the noble simplicity of the poses and emotions evidences the influence of Anton R

Deucalion and Pyrrha
Oil on panel. 1636 - 1637
Rubens, Peter Paul
Deucalion and Pyrrha
Oil on panel. 1636 - 1637
Rubens, Peter Paul

Humanity´s rebirth after the flood is represented in Greek mythology through the story of Deucalion and Pyrrha. After surviving the disaster, they threw stones over their shoulders, each of which became a new being. This story is told by the classical poet, Ovid, in his Metamorphoses. This painting is a sketch by Rubens for a painting —now lost— by Jan Cossiers for the Torre de la Parada. Rubens w

Female Nude, or After the Bath
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1869
Rosales Gallinas, Eduardo
Female Nude, or After the Bath
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1869
Rosales Gallinas, Eduardo

Considered to be, with good reason, the most beautiful nude in nineteenth-century Spanish painting, this work provides eloquent testimony of the modernity that made Rosales stand out in the Spanish artistic panorama of his time. He would have earned himself a prominent place among the era´s artistic vanguard in Europe if his brilliant career had not been cut short by his premature death. Neither a

The Death of Viriatus, Chief of the Lusitanians (preparatory sketch)
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1807
Madrazo y Agudo, José de
The Death of Viriatus, Chief of the Lusitanians (preparatory sketch)
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1807
Madrazo y Agudo, José de

This preparatory sketch for the large-scale canvas painted by Madrazo in Rome (also on display in this room) reveals various differences with respect to the final composition. Madrazo gave more space to the tent in the upper part of the sketch, which he subsequently reduced. There are also differences in the figures and in the landscape with the camp on the far right, which he enlarged.

The Burial of the Count of Orgaz
Oil on canvas. 1734
Meléndez, Miguel Jacinto
The Burial of the Count of Orgaz
Oil on canvas. 1734
Meléndez, Miguel Jacinto

The Count of Orgaz died in 1323. According to legend, Saint Augustine and Saint Stephen appeared during his burial in the church of Santo Tomé in Toledo where, supporting the Count by the head and feet respectively, the saints deposited his body in his tomb. Quite different to El Greco´s famous interpretation, the horizontal format allowed Meléndez to present an impressive, theatrica

Wisdom
Oil on canvas. 1770
Castillo, José del
Wisdom
Oil on canvas. 1770
Castillo, José del

Paired with P07726, P07727 y P07729. These are sketches for cartoons for tapestries intended to adorn the King’s Antechamber known as the “Pieza de Conversación” in the Royal Palace of Madrid. Based on the allegories painted by Corrado Giaquinto for the equivalent room in the Palace at Aranjuez, they are notable for the apocalyptic symbols, such as the dove of the Holy Sprit conveying God´s

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