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Aesop
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1638
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y
Aesop
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1638
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y

Aesop and Menippus are first listed in the inventory of the Torre de la Parada between 1701 and 1703. Among other works, this hunting lodge had a vast cycle of mythological paintings made by Rubens an [+]

Heraclitus, the Crying Philosopher
Oil on canvas. 1636 - 1638
Rubens, Peter Paul (Workshop Of)
Heraclitus, the Crying Philosopher
Oil on canvas. 1636 - 1638
Rubens, Peter Paul (Workshop Of)

The Greek philosopher, Heraclitus of Ephesus (540-470 B.C.), wears a black tunic and leans on a stone, weeping. He embodies the idea of a tragic sense of life, thinking about the future form a lonely [+]

Democritus, the Laughing Philosopher
Oil on canvas. 1636 - 1638
Rubens, Peter Paul (Workshop Of)
Democritus, the Laughing Philosopher
Oil on canvas. 1636 - 1638
Rubens, Peter Paul (Workshop Of)

Democritus of Abdera (460-370 B.C.) is the pictorial pendant of Heraclitus (P01680) as well as his philosophical counterpoint. Wearing bright colors, he laughs sarcastically while contemplating a glob [+]

Archimedes
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1630
Ribera, Jusepe de, lo Spagnoletto
Archimedes
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1630
Ribera, Jusepe de, lo Spagnoletto

The figure’s rough clothing, the activity in which he is engaged and his books indicate an intellectual from the classical world. His identity has been debated. Previously thought to be Aesop or Arist [+]

Menippus
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1638
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y
Menippus
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1638
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y

Aesop and Menippus are first listed in the inventory of the Torre de la Parada between 1701 and 1703. Among other works, this hunting lodge had a vast cycle of mythological paintings made by Rubens an [+]

Diogenes
Oil on canvas. 1750 - 1759
Petrini, Giuseppe Antonio
Diogenes
Oil on canvas. 1750 - 1759
Petrini, Giuseppe Antonio

Diogenes of Sinope (ca.412 - 323BC) was a Greek Cynic philosopher. He is depicted here with his lighted lantern, which he used during the day in his search for an “honest man” in the streets of Athens [+]

Old Man with Book
Oil on panel. XVII century
Anonymous (Workshop Of Dou, Gerard)
Old Man with Book
Oil on panel. XVII century
Anonymous (Workshop Of Dou, Gerard)

Traditionally this painting has been considered a copy of the original by Gerard Dou which, according to Somof (1901) and Martin (1913), was in the State Hermitage Museum in St Petersburg, but whose p [+]

Landscape with Buildings
Oil on canvas. 1648 - 1651
Poussin, Nicolas
Landscape with Buildings
Oil on canvas. 1648 - 1651
Poussin, Nicolas

A valley, crossed by a river on whose banks are several buildings, is framed by trees and mountains on the horizon. In the foreground are three seated figures and two more accompanied by horses. This [+]

Roman Landscape at Sunset
Oil on canvas. 1781 - 1782
Vernet, Claude-Joseph
Roman Landscape at Sunset
Oil on canvas. 1781 - 1782
Vernet, Claude-Joseph

Claude Joseph Vernet, the most renowned eighteenth-century French landscape painter and veduttista (view painter), was known for his landscapes, seascapes, and views of Rome and Naples. Characterised [+]

Heraclitus
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1615
Ribera, Jusepe de, lo Spagnoletto
Heraclitus
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1615
Ribera, Jusepe de, lo Spagnoletto

A man is writing in a book and looking towards the viewer. His tears identify him as the Greek philosopher Heraclitus (6th century BC). Attributed to various artists in the past, this canvas is now co [+]

A Philosopher
Oil on panel. 1635
Koninck, Salomon
A Philosopher
Oil on panel. 1635
Koninck, Salomon

This painting enters the Museum as the work of Salomon Koninck, an attribution which remains valid until the 1963 catalogue, when, according to Valdivieso (1973), a proposal by Clotilde Brière- [+]

Democritus
Oil on canvas. 1630
Ribera, Jusepe de, lo Spagnoletto
Democritus
Oil on canvas. 1630
Ribera, Jusepe de, lo Spagnoletto

The painting is one of the most celebrated of Jusepe de Ribera´s so-called ragged philosophers. Although born in Spain, the artist spent his entire professional life in Italy. He appears to have [+]

The Philosopher Epicurus
Pencil on paper. Mid-XVIIIcentury
Ajello, Eutichio
The Philosopher Epicurus
Pencil on paper. Mid-XVIIIcentury
Ajello, Eutichio

This drawing belongs to the Ajello Sketchbook, a group of fifty-nine unbound pencil drawings that were models for engraving to illustrate a descriptive calendar of sculptures that Philip V and his wif [+]

Menippus, detail (copy after Velázquez)
Watercolour, Gouache / tempera on paper. 1866 - 1868
Fortuny, Mariano (Copy After Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y)
Menippus, detail (copy after Velázquez)
Watercolour, Gouache / tempera on paper. 1866 - 1868
Fortuny, Mariano (Copy After Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y)

Fortuny made an ample number of copies of famous paintings, some as late as the end of the 1860s. They reveal his interest in deepening his knowledge of the painting of the great masters, especially V [+]

This is how useful men usually end up
Brush, Bistre, Wash on laid paper. 1814 - 1823
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
This is how useful men usually end up
Brush, Bistre, Wash on laid paper. 1814 - 1823
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

Many of the drawings from Album C depict people suffering the consequences of poverty. Beggars, the handicapped, alcoholics, the mentally ill and invalids appear throughout the first half of that albu [+]

Better to die
Brush, Bistre, Grey-brown ink, Iron gall ink, Wash on laid paper. 1814 - 1823
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Better to die
Brush, Bistre, Grey-brown ink, Iron gall ink, Wash on laid paper. 1814 - 1823
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

Goya’s Album C exemplifies the complexity of his work. Made during the Peninsular War and the posterior repression under the reign of Ferdinand VII, it addresses subjects linked to many facets of that [+]

Seneca
Italian marble, Alabaster. 1641 - 1644
Finelli, Giuliano (Attributed To)
Seneca
Italian marble, Alabaster. 1641 - 1644
Finelli, Giuliano (Attributed To)

This expressive head is executed with great technical virtuosity. Typologically, it can be related to the Pseudo-Seneca which derives from a classical Roman bust traditionally thought to depict this S [+]

Aristóteles
Marble. Second quarter of the XVI century
Grandi, Vincenzo
Aristóteles
Marble. Second quarter of the XVI century
Grandi, Vincenzo

This image of Aristotle was in the possession of Diego Hurtado de Mendoza (1504-1575), poet, bibliophile, antiquarian and imperial ambassador in Venice between 1539 and 1546, when he moved to Rome. Ar [+]

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