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Saint Benedict destroying Idols
Oil on canvas. Before 1662
Rizi, Juan Andrés
Saint Benedict destroying Idols
Oil on canvas. Before 1662
Rizi, Juan Andrés

Cuadro de la serie con escenas de la vida de san Benito que adornaban el claustro del monasterio de San Martín. Felipe de Castro (ca. 1750/1764) se limitó a señalar que "las pinturas del claustro son de mano de Fray Juan Ricci" y Ponz (V, 1776, 5.a división, párrafo 15) que "las [pinturas] de la Vida del mismo Santo en el claustro son de Fr. Juan Rizi, Religioso de la Orden; y de su misma mano son

Adam and Eve reprimanded for their Sin
Oil on canvas. 1771
Bayeu, Francisco
Adam and Eve reprimanded for their Sin
Oil on canvas. 1771
Bayeu, Francisco

Sketch for one of the eight segments of the dome of the collegiate church at La Granja, Segovia. These Old and New Testament scenes (destroyed in 1918) glorified the Holy Trinity. God reprimands Adam and Eve for disobeying him, while an angel announces to Abraham that his barren wife will bear a child.In this sketchs the noble simplicity of the poses and emotions evidences the influence of Anton R

Saint Jerome in Penitence
Oil on canvas. 1546
Lotto, Lorenzo
Saint Jerome in Penitence
Oil on canvas. 1546
Lotto, Lorenzo

Lorenzo Lotto`s various depictions of the penitent Saint Jerome span early versions influenced by Albrecht Dürer and Giovanni Bellini (Musée du Louvre, Paris, 1506) and by young Raphael (Museo Nazionale di Castel Sant`Angelo, Rome, c.1509), to his most personal interpretations from the 1540s. Lotto`s Libro dei Conti (Book of Accounts) lists four paintings between 1544 and 1546 with thi

Tityus
Oil on canvas. 1632
Ribera, Jusepe de, lo Spagnoletto
Tityus
Oil on canvas. 1632
Ribera, Jusepe de, lo Spagnoletto

Tityus, the son of Jupiter and Elara, appears chained to the boulder in Tartarus while an eagle eternally devours his liver. The Giant received that punishment for attempting to rape one of his father’s lovers with the encouragement of Juno. The subject of the Furies -Tityus, Ixion, Tantalus and Sisyphus- became quite popular in European art of the Modern Age, especially in palace decorations. The

The Virgin with the Child, Saint John and Three Angels
Oil on panel. 1536
Cranach The Elder, Lucas
The Virgin with the Child, Saint John and Three Angels
Oil on panel. 1536
Cranach The Elder, Lucas

One of Cranach´s customary compositions with the Virgin Mary holding the Christ Child on her lap. Jesus takes some grapes from the hands of young Saint John while three angels hold a finely wrinkled red cloth behind them, forming a sort of canopy. A landscape at the upper left of the painting recalls the artist´s training in the Danube school. This work is outstanding for its firm drawing, the pre

The Spanish Monarchy
Grisaille, Oil on canvas. 1794
Bayeu, Francisco
The Spanish Monarchy
Grisaille, Oil on canvas. 1794
Bayeu, Francisco

A sketch for a ceiling at Madrid´s Royal Palace, painted in 1794. Bayeu used grisaille technique: a monochrome depiction in shades of gray and chestnut brown. The Spanish Monarchy is represented by an imposing matron wearing a helmet and surrounded by allegorical figures that constitute a group of considerable iconographic interest for which Bayeu had to conscientiously study the treatises then cu

The Brazen Serpent
Oil on canvas. 1743 - 1744
Giaquinto, Corrado
The Brazen Serpent
Oil on canvas. 1743 - 1744
Giaquinto, Corrado

Moses Striking Water from the Rock and The Bronze Serpent are related to frescos on the same subjects in the apse of the basilica of Santa Croce in Gerusalemme in Rome. Those decorations commissioned in 1743 by the procurer general of the Cistercians and abbot of Santa Croce, Raimondo Besozzi, were paid by Pope Benedict XIV. As was his custom, Giaquinto painted various versions of the compositions

Christ Crucified
Oil on canvas. 1792
Bayeu, Francisco
Christ Crucified
Oil on canvas. 1792
Bayeu, Francisco

The crucifixion of Christ is depicted by the artist in a barren, desolate landscape, a setting essentially undefined thanks to an enormous neutral background intended to heighten its dramatic effect. The painting´s great size -it was probably intended for a chapel altar- endows the divine figure with a monumental appearance further reinforced by its detailed anatomical study. The cross sunk

The Triumph of Bacchus
Oil on canvas. 1636 - 1638
Vos, Cornelis de
The Triumph of Bacchus
Oil on canvas. 1636 - 1638
Vos, Cornelis de

El carro triunfal de Baco con todo su cortejo en relación con la hostilidad del rey Penteo aparece en libro III de las Metamorfosis de Ovidio (528 seq.): "(...) Ha llegado Líber; los campos resuenan con gritos de alborozo; corre el gentío; matronas y muchachas mezcladas con hombres, la chusma y los grandes señores acuden al nuevo culto. "¿Qué locura, hijos de la serpiente, prole de Marte, ha aturd

Cleopatra
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1640
Reni, Guido
Cleopatra
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1640
Reni, Guido

Cleopatra VII (r. 51-30 BCE) was the sovereign of Egypt and the last representative of its final royal family, the Ptolemaic dynasty. Feeling that all was lost after her armies and those of her Roman lover and consort, Mark Antony (83-30 BCE), were successively defeated and the latter was killed, she chose to end her own life to avoid being captured by their mutual enemy, Octavian, the future Empe

The Haywain Triptych
Oil on panel. 1512 - 1515
Bosch, Hieronymus
The Haywain Triptych
Oil on panel. 1512 - 1515
Bosch, Hieronymus

Bosch thus shows how man, irrespective of his social class or place of origin, is so possessed by the desire to enjoy and acquire material possessions that he allows himself to be deceived or seduced by the Devil. Thus the artist proposes that we should renounce earthly goods and the delights of the senses in order to avoid eternal damnation. The painting offers an exemplum of a different type to

The Immaculate Conception
Oil on canvas. 1767 - 1769
Tiepolo, Giovanni Battista
The Immaculate Conception
Oil on canvas. 1767 - 1769
Tiepolo, Giovanni Battista

This majestic image was part of a cycle of seven altarpieces commissioned in 1767 for the new royal church of San Pascual Bailón at Aranjuez, founded by Charles III in the same year. The altarpieces comprised the entire pictorial decoration of this Alcantarine Franciscan church, which was built in an austere classical style. The subjects of the altarpieces reflected some of the most importa

The Immaculate Conception
Oil on canvas. 1683
Arco, Alonso del
The Immaculate Conception
Oil on canvas. 1683
Arco, Alonso del

Drawn from the Apocalypse of Saint john, The Immaculate Conception is a frequent iconic subject in Spanish painting. In Madrid, especially during the second half of the 17th century, it was so frequently depicted that a specific and characteristic approach was developed. Years before he painted the present work, Alonso del Arco made a canvas on the same subject for the Jesuit Church of Alcal&aacut

Jason and the Golden Fleece
Oil on canvas. 1636 - 1638
Quellinus, Erasmus
Jason and the Golden Fleece
Oil on canvas. 1636 - 1638
Quellinus, Erasmus

En este caso, como en otros de la Torre de la Parada, Rubens no ha seguido las Metamorfosis de Ovidio sino las Fábulas de Higinio (Capítulo III): "(...) Frixo llegó a la Cólquide. Allí, según órdenes de su madre, sacrificó al carnero y colocó en el templo de Marte su piel de oro. Se dice que Jasón, hijo de Esón y de Alcímede, había ido a buscar esta piel que guardaba una serpiente".La historia de

Coffered Ceiling
Polychromed, Carved. Ca. 1400
Anonymous
Coffered Ceiling
Polychromed, Carved. Ca. 1400
Anonymous

The principal beams are decorated with secular scenes, including dances, jousts or men fighting monsters, and with the coats-of-arms of Castile and León and those of the Luna and Rojas families. Other decoration includes sacred scenes (the Last Supper and the Last Judgement, for example). Between the transversal beams are panels with alternating castles and lions and elongated hexagonal pan

The Death of Eurydice
Oil on canvas. 1636 - 1638
Quellinus, Erasmus
The Death of Eurydice
Oil on canvas. 1636 - 1638
Quellinus, Erasmus

La historia de Eurídice aparece en dos ocasiones en el ciclo de la Torre de la Parada; su muerte y su truncada salida de los infiernos. Su muerte es narrada por Ovidio en el libro X (5-10) de las Metamorfosis: "(...) Pues cuando paseaba la novia por un prado acompañada de un grupo de Náyades, murió al sufrir en un tobillo la mordedura de una serpiente". El lienzo es obra de E. Quellinus, discípulo

Pietro Manna, Physician from Cremona
Oil on canvas. 1557
Anguissola, Lucia
Pietro Manna, Physician from Cremona
Oil on canvas. 1557
Anguissola, Lucia

This portrait signed by Lucia Anguissola is acknowledged as the most important of the few works produced by Sofonisba’s younger sister. In keeping with Lombard painting of the period, she depicts this bald, bearded, ageing gentleman in the immediate foreground, seated in an armchair and turning slightly to gaze inquisitively at the spectator. He is dressed in a roomy gown with puffed sleeves taper

Apollo and Daphne
Oil on canvas. 1636 - 1638
Thulden, Theodoor Van
Apollo and Daphne
Oil on canvas. 1636 - 1638
Thulden, Theodoor Van

Ovidio cuenta la transformación de Dafne en árbol en el libro I de las Metamorfosis (452-552): "(...) El primer amor de Febo fue Dafne, la hija de Peneo, un amor que no produjo el ignorante azar, sino la cruel ira de Cupido. (...) Apolo se disponía a seguir hablando cuando huye en temerosa carrera la hija de Peneo y lo dejó con la palabra en la boca(...). Agotadas sus fuerzas, palideció ella y ven

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