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Father Cabanillas
Oil on canvas. 1689 - 1693
Coello, Claudio
Father Cabanillas
Oil on canvas. 1689 - 1693
Coello, Claudio

This likeness of the Franciscan clergyman is a significant example of elongated bust portraits that are quiet customary in the Western figurative tradition. Such works allow a closer approach to the model’s essential features, reducing but not eliminating accessory elements such as his clothing and a summary depiction of the surrounding space. Rather than overly limiting information on the protago

Still Life with a Maid
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1633
Snyders, Frans
Still Life with a Maid
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1633
Snyders, Frans

This opulent still-life scene typical of the Baroque Flemish school includes a human figure and two animals, as was common in the period, in accordance with the tastes of the clients, whose wealth and prosperity was also reflected in this genre of paintings. Snyders´ clientele were members of the nobility and haute bourgeoisie who were interested in his paintings as testimonies to wealth as well a

Triptych of the Redemption: The Crucifixion
Oil on panel. Ca. 1450
Master Of The Prado Redemption
Triptych of the Redemption: The Crucifixion
Oil on panel. Ca. 1450
Master Of The Prado Redemption

This triptych is the principal creation and the work that has given the name to an anonymous follower of Rogier van der Weyden, previously identified as Vrancke van der Stockt. The triptych belonged to Leonor de Mascarenhas (1503-1584), a Portuguese lady who moved to Spain in 1526 and was aya to Philip II and afterwards to his son Don Carlos. When in 1564 she founded the convent of Franciscan nuns

Praying Hermit
Oil on canvas. 1637 - 1638
Lemaire, Jean
Praying Hermit
Oil on canvas. 1637 - 1638
Lemaire, Jean

This is the largest of the paintings that Lemaire, a French artist working in Rome, produced for the decoration of the Buen Retiro Palace in Madrid. The architectural ruins and sculptural fragments are real but their arrangement in the scene is imaginary. The identity of the hermit remains unclear.

Josefa Coello de Portugal
Oil on canvas. 1855
Madrazo y Kuntz, Federico de
Josefa Coello de Portugal
Oil on canvas. 1855
Madrazo y Kuntz, Federico de

In the mid-nineteenth century Federico de Madrazo produced some of the most successful portraits of the Spanish bourgeoisie during the reign of Isabel II (1833-68), presenting them with the opulence that their social status demanded. In addition to his remarkable artistic ability, his female portraits are outstanding for their depiction of the accessories and adornments. These details are emphasis

Hercules and the Erymanthian Boar
Oil on canvas. 1634
Zurbarán, Francisco de
Hercules and the Erymanthian Boar
Oil on canvas. 1634
Zurbarán, Francisco de

Hercules’s encounter with the Erimanthean bore is not the best known of his labors. At first glance, it would appear to be nothing more than a new demonstration of his capacity to vanquish evil and save humanity from its excesses. Zurbarán’s depiction places the hero in the foreground at the center of the composition. He is about to kill the colossal wild bore that was laying waste to the l

Water
Oil on canvas. 1675 - 1700
Anonymous
Water
Oil on canvas. 1675 - 1700
Anonymous

This canvas by a late 17th-century painter is part of a group of four works, all at the Museo del Prado (P191, P3196, P3197 and P3198), that express the idea of the Elements through motives drawn from classical mythology. According to R. López Torrijos (1985), Water is embodied here by Ocean’s sister and wife, Thetis, who was queen of the seas. A crown and scepter underline her royal charac

The Baptismal procession of Prince Juan, son of the Catholic Kings, through the streets of Seville
Oil on canvas. 1910
Pradilla y Ortiz, Francisco
The Baptismal procession of Prince Juan, son of the Catholic Kings, through the streets of Seville
Oil on canvas. 1910
Pradilla y Ortiz, Francisco

This painting depicts the baptism of Prince Juan. It is based on the description of that event from Historia de los Reyes Católicos (History of the Catholic Kings) by Andrés Bernáldez, published in 1856. The documentary rigor of this text is transferred to the canvas, so we can speak here of the archeological veracity with which Pradilla reconstructed that historical event. Th

Christ carrying the cross
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1697
Giordano, Luca
Christ carrying the cross
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1697
Giordano, Luca

The first known reference to this painting from the Spanish Royal Collection dates from 1700, when it was mentioned as being in the Alcázar, Madrid, along with another painting by Luca Giordano, Mater Dolorosa, now lost. It is in magnificent condition, and was restored in 2007.The powerful foreground shows Christ, rope around his neck, painfully carrying the cross. The general tone evokes t

Still Life with a Plate of Cherries, Plums a Pitcher and Cheese
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1760
Meléndez, Luis Egidio
Still Life with a Plate of Cherries, Plums a Pitcher and Cheese
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1760
Meléndez, Luis Egidio

The first thing to catch the viewer’s eye is a splendid earthenware pitcher with a typical 18th-century tin-oxide white glaze and a Solomonic braided handle. The bright reflections of light on its curved surface contrast with the play of straight and curved lines that define the cheese resting beside it, and with the wavy-edged rococo plate in the immediate foreground, which overflows with cherrie

Margaret of Austria, Queen of Spain
Oil on canvas. 1607
Pantoja de la Cruz, Juan
Margaret of Austria, Queen of Spain
Oil on canvas. 1607
Pantoja de la Cruz, Juan

Margaret of Austria married Philip III in 1599 after Philip II chose her from among the women of the Austria-Styria family. The marriage was planned to coincide with that of infanta Isabel Clara Eugenia and archduke Albert. Margaret was born in 1584 and when she arrived in Spain in April 1599, she had already been married by power of attorney in Ferrara. She was known for her discretion and virtue

Saint Francis comforted by an Angel
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1620
Ribalta, Francisco
Saint Francis comforted by an Angel
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1620
Ribalta, Francisco

Toward the end of the 17th century, Saint Francis’s iconography expanded as many of the classical biographic themes were replaced with more complex episodes -especially trance visions- mystical ecstasies that reflected the new Baroque esthetic and offered, in the case of Saint Francis, a new approach to the depiction of a figure whose life was being presented by his Order in terms of biographical

Margaret of Austria
Oil on canvas. 1606
Pantoja de la Cruz, Juan
Margaret of Austria
Oil on canvas. 1606
Pantoja de la Cruz, Juan

Margaret, who married Philip III in 1599, was the daughter of the Archduke of Bavaria. In this portrait by Pantoja de la Cruz -the most representative painter of the reign- she wears the so-called “Rich jewel”, a dynastic heirloom comprising the diamond known as “El estanque” (The Pool) and the famous large pearl known as “La peregrina” (The Pilgrim).

Hercules separates Mounts Calpe and Abylla
Oil on canvas. 1634
Zurbarán, Francisco de
Hercules separates Mounts Calpe and Abylla
Oil on canvas. 1634
Zurbarán, Francisco de

The Greek hero’s deeds that took place in the Iberian Peninsula, of which this is one, were interpreted as demonstrating his status as mythical forerunner of the Spanish monarchy.Hercules is shown making a great effort at the center of the composition. His legs are spread and gently flexed as he leans forward with bowed head and arms resting on two metal grips bolted to two enormous boulders to he

The Adoration of the Shepherds
Oil on canvas. 1612
Lanchares, Antonio de
The Adoration of the Shepherds
Oil on canvas. 1612
Lanchares, Antonio de

Few works are known by the short-lived Lanchares, an artist of the Madrid school. Notable among his surviving paintings is this nocturnal depiction in which the artist reveals an extensive and very early knowledge of contemporary Italian painting. The use of humble figure types, the meticulous brushstroke, angled composition and in particular the chiaroscuro all look to the Caravaggesque aesthetic

The Birth of the Virgin
Oil on canvas. 1650 - 1660
Quellinus, Erasmus
The Birth of the Virgin
Oil on canvas. 1650 - 1660
Quellinus, Erasmus

El pintor de Amberes Erasmus Quellinus II trabajó con Rubens en los inicios de su carrera en proyectos como la Pompa Introitus Ferdinandi (1635) y la decoración de la Torre de la Parada (1636-1638), desarrollando un estilo muy próximo al de su maestro. Desde 1640 aproximadamente, y más claramente a partir de 1650, su estilo se vuelve sin embargo más personal, más clásico en sus formas y en sus mod

The Holy Family or Trinity on Earth
Oil on canvas. XVII century
Camilo, Francisco
The Holy Family or Trinity on Earth
Oil on canvas. XVII century
Camilo, Francisco

The Christ Child looks out at the viewer. The halo behind his head is a cross-shaped prefiguration of his Passion, while the Virgin´s consists of twelve stars that allude to her sorrows. Saint Joseph holds his flowering rod. The dove of the Holy Ghost hovers above them, and further up, the figure of God the Father is accompanied by various angels and cherubs, thus completing the heavenly Tri

Manuela de Errazu
Oil on canvas. 1870 - 1871
Madrazo y Garreta, Raimundo de
Manuela de Errazu
Oil on canvas. 1870 - 1871
Madrazo y Garreta, Raimundo de

The eldest of six children born to Joaquín María de Errazu and Guadalupe Rubio de Tejada, Manuela was born in Querétaro (Mexico) in 1839. Her family, of Spanish origin, amassed a huge fortune through the industrial development of that Central-American country. When she was fifteen years old, her parents moved to the most exclusive neighborhood in Paris. There, despite some cri

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