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Charles III in Hunting Dress
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1786
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de
Charles III in Hunting Dress
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1786
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de

A portrait of King Charles III (1716-1788), son of Philip V and Elizabeth of Farnesio, shortly before he died in Madrid on December 14, 1788. The king appears in a royal hunting preserve, either around El Escorial, or between the El Pardo Palace and the mountains of Madrid. He is dressed as a hunter, with the sashes of the Orders of Carlos III, Saint Januarius and the Holy Ghost, as well as the Go

Sketch for Allegory of the Institution of the Order of Charles III
Oil on canvas. 1827 - 1828
López Portaña, Vicente
Sketch for Allegory of the Institution of the Order of Charles III
Oil on canvas. 1827 - 1828
López Portaña, Vicente

This preparatory sketch for the ceiling of Charles III’s former bedroom at the Royal Palace in Madrid depicts the Institution of the Order of Charles III following the birth of the King’s first male grandchild. A personification of Monarchy holds the newborn Infante in its arms, and the Virgin of the Immaculate Conception, patroness of the Order, is depicted at the centre of the composition.

Charles III
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1765
Mengs, Anton Raphael
Charles III
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1765
Mengs, Anton Raphael

This image of King Charles III was paired with a portrait of his wife, Maria Amalia of Saxony (P2201), although the image of the queen was not painted in her presence. Instead, it was invented on the basis of other likenesses, as she died before the artist was able to paint her.Mengs’s effigie of Charles III became the monarch’s official image and was therefore the object of various replicas. One

Charles III
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1774
Mengs, Anton Raphael
Charles III
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1774
Mengs, Anton Raphael

A solemn prototype of the effigy of Charles III, who stands in armour in front of a purple hanging and a column, traditional symbols of royal power. Replica of P02200, on the occasion of the foundation of the Royal Order of Carlos III.

Charles III dining before the Court
Oil on panel. 1771 - 1772
Paret y Alcázar, Luis
Charles III dining before the Court
Oil on panel. 1771 - 1772
Paret y Alcázar, Luis

In this painting, Paret invites us to attend a daily ritual at the Royal Palace in Madrid. Spain’s King Charles III (1716-1788) sits at the table in presence of his ministers, ambassadors, servants and his favorite hunting dogs. Paret captures the moment when he is about to drink from a goblet offered by a servant on bended knee. The walls are sumptuously decorated with striking tapestries whose m

Charles III as a Boy in his Study
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1724
Ranc, Jean
Charles III as a Boy in his Study
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1724
Ranc, Jean

Dressed in blue, a Bourbon colour, Charles wears the Golden Fleece and the Order of the Saint-Esprit. The lily is a dynastic emblem while the jasmine, anemones, narcissi, pinks and roses are attributes of virtues and pleasures. Together with the book containing verses by Lucian, Columella and Virgil (his Eclogue IV on a new Golden Age), these objects are used to present Charles in his transition f

Portrait of Charles III as Infante
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1725
Ranc, Jean
Portrait of Charles III as Infante
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1725
Ranc, Jean

This portrait of a young Charles III is typical of Ranc´s portraits of children. It shows the future monarch as an Infante, years before his departure for Parma and Naples to occupy thrones his mother had assiduously arranged for him. Four other examples of this portrait are found in the Prado, Palace of El Pardo, Royal Palace of Madrid and the Royal Palace of La Granja. They demonstrate the syste

The Young Charles III with a Helmet and Sword
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1725
Ranc, Jean
The Young Charles III with a Helmet and Sword
Oil on canvas. Ca. 1725
Ranc, Jean

The young sitter, here slightly older than in the portrait of him in his study also painted by Ranc (Museo del Prado), is shown with the symbols of military power: a helmet, a sword resting on a large column base, and a red mantle. The Golden Fleece and the French Order of the Saint-Esprit, represented by the dove of the Holy Spirit, announce his historic destiny.

Abdication of Charles III
Oil on canvas. 1759
Joli, Antonio
Abdication of Charles III
Oil on canvas. 1759
Joli, Antonio

On August 10, 1759, Ferdinand VI died without a descendant. As a result, his stepbrother Charles, then King of Naples and Sicily, inherited the Spanish throne. The first of seven children of Philip V and his second wife Isabel Farnese, Charles VII had reigned for a period of almost 24 years in Naples. In 1738, he had married the Pricess María Amalia of Saxony, and their thirteen children we

Royal Couples
Oil on canvas. 1770
Paret y Alcázar, Luis
Royal Couples
Oil on canvas. 1770
Paret y Alcázar, Luis

This canvas depicts an equestrian event that took place at the Palace of Aranjuez in 1770. It was attended by Charles III and Princess María Luisa, his daughter-in-law, who are to be seen in the second box adjoining the palace façade, and by a crowd of subtly individualised figures. On horseback at the forefront of the pairs of riders are Prince Carlos and the Infantes Gabriel and Lu

The Family of Philip V
Oil on canvas. 1743
Loo, Louis-Michel Van
The Family of Philip V
Oil on canvas. 1743
Loo, Louis-Michel Van

The King is depicted with his second wife, Isabella Farnese, forming the centre of the composition and surrounded by their descendents, the future Ferdinand VI, son of the King’s first marriage, and Charles III, both with their respective wives and all the other members of the royal family alive at that date. In this family and dynastic gathering, in which the various members are presented to thei

Allegory of Charles III
Black chalk, Pencil, Grey-brown wash on white paper. Ca. 1760
Tiepolo, Giovanni Battista
Allegory of Charles III
Black chalk, Pencil, Grey-brown wash on white paper. Ca. 1760
Tiepolo, Giovanni Battista

A preparatory sketch for the frontispiece of Paolo Antonio Paoli’s book on the classical ruins of Paestum, which was dedicated to Charles III. Although it was published in 1784, the texts and prints had been prepared some time before by count Felice Gazzola, an amateur archaeologist. The bust of Charles III, shown in the guise of a Roman emperor, is placed by the genius of Fame on a pedestal surro

Charles VII of Naples, the future Charles III of Spain
Italian marble. Ca. 1744
Anonymous
Charles VII of Naples, the future Charles III of Spain
Italian marble. Ca. 1744
Anonymous

A medallion portraying the young Charles of Bourbon (1716-1788), recently proclaimed King of Naples and Sicily, who would become King Charles III of Spain in 1759. Shown in profile with a large wig and dressed all’antica, his breastplate bears a head of Medusa, an allusion to the mythological heroes, and the golden fleece, the symbol of the Order of the same name.

Allegory of the Foundation of the Order of Charles III
Taille douce: etching and engraving on wove paper. 1778
Salvador Carmona, Manuel
Allegory of the Foundation of the Order of Charles III
Taille douce: etching and engraving on wove paper. 1778
Salvador Carmona, Manuel

The print is based on a painting by Antonio González Velázquez. Charles III wears the habit of a master of his own Order, and is accompanied by the allegories of Merit and Virtue. Devout and family-minded, the monarch created the Order to give thanks to the Immaculate Conception for the birth of his grandson.

Charles III
Taille douce: etching and engraving on continuous paper. 1783
Salvador Carmona, Manuel
Charles III
Taille douce: etching and engraving on continuous paper. 1783
Salvador Carmona, Manuel

Estampa grabada por Manuel Salvador Carmona que reproduce el óleo pintado por Antón Raphael Mengs, conservado en el Museo Nacional del Prado (P02200). La lámina de cobre se la encargó a Carmona la Secretaría de Estado en 1782. Fue adquirida en 1875 por la Calcografía Nacional de Madrid, donde se conserva en la actualidad (R. 3796). El Museo conserva otros ejemplares de esta estampa (G02889, G02990

Statue of Charles III
Taille douce: etching and engraving on wove paper. 1784
Salvador Carmona, Manuel
Statue of Charles III
Taille douce: etching and engraving on wove paper. 1784
Salvador Carmona, Manuel

This print reproduces Alfonso Bergaz’s sculpture of Charles III, which was installed on a large pedestal in the main square in Burgos in 1784 on the initiative of Antonio Tomé, a wealthy merchant and the city’s consul. In addition to the monarch’s regal, military presentation, which evokes classical art, the face is notably realistic and has a liveliness singled out at the time as the sculp

Charles III, King of Spain
Taille douce: etching and engraving on ivory laid paper. 1788
Ximeno y Planes, Rafael; Selma, Fernando
Charles III, King of Spain
Taille douce: etching and engraving on ivory laid paper. 1788
Ximeno y Planes, Rafael; Selma, Fernando

This portrait is closely based on Charles III in hunting Dress by Francisco de Goya. The monarch, wearing a dress coat, has the same pose as in the painting, leaning forward slightly and with sloping shoulders. The modelling of the face is also the same. The print was published in 1788 in the revised edition of the Bibliotheca hispana vetus (1672) by Nicolás Antonio.

Charles III (as Charles VII of Naples and Sicily)
Taille douce: etching and engraving on ivory laid paper. Ca. 1745
Cepparuli, Francesco
Charles III (as Charles VII of Naples and Sicily)
Taille douce: etching and engraving on ivory laid paper. Ca. 1745
Cepparuli, Francesco

Derived from a portrait by Giuseppe Bonito, this print presents the most emblematic image of the King of Naples and Sicily. It shows the sovereign in military attire, perhaps in reference to his victory over the Austrians in the Battle of Velletri of 1744, which definitively secured the Italian territories he was to reign over.

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