- The Collection
- In depth
- In Depth. Judith at the banquet of Holofernes, Rembrandt
- History of the painting
History of the painting
The first written reference to this painting is in the inventory of the possessions of the Marquis de la Ensenada (1754), in which it is described as Judith, half-length.
In the second inventory of the Marquis’ possessions of 1768 the painting is identified as Rembrandt, A noble matron and her maid. The painting was acquired by Charles III that year on the suggestion of Anton Rafael Mengs, together with a further twenty-nine paintings from the collection of the Marquis. In the inventory of the King’s possessions it is described as Ensenada – A painting that depicts Judith to whom some maids serve a cup and on a round table there is an open book, figure of more than half-length original by Rembrandt of seven quartas wide and a vara and a half high. This description is also used in the inventory of Charles IV of 1794.
Between 1843 and 1996 the catalogues of the Prado described the painting as Artemisa.