The Golden Age, the ideal age of man
“The first age that was created was the golden age, in which loyalty and good prospered, without authorities, on its own initiative and without laws” (Ovid, Metamorphoses, I, 89-90).
The Golden Age is depicted on the east side next to Hercules and the Giants. She is personified as a woman dressed in gold, protected by an oak tree, symbol of Jupiter. She turns her face towards the Spanish royal coat-of-arms. Zephyrus, the gentle, beneficent east wind, accompanies her on the left with a group of figures that emphasises his significance: a little putto with a wind toy, Flora bearing the cornucopia of abundance, nymphs with ears of corn and fruit, an eagle, and a woman placing wings on the second child.