Inventory number
P02546
Author
Goya y Lucientes, Francisco de (Spanish)
Title
Commerce
Chronology
1804-1806
Technique
Temple
Support
Lienzo
Diameter
227 cm
School
Española
Theme
Alegoría
On display
Yes
Provenance
Palacio de Godoy, Madrid. Quedó en el edificio, como parte de su decoración, cuando en 1807 pasó a ser sede del Consejo del Almirantazgo y, sucesivamente, de la Biblioteca Real, y de las Secretarías de Gracia y Justicia, Guerra, Marina y Hacienda. Ingresó en el Museo del Prado en 1932, depositado por el Ministerio de Marina, como intercambio con obras del Museo.

Two Eastern merchants go over their accounts, leaning over a table illuminated by light flooding through a window on the left of the composition. Under their plank table are two full sacks. Two women read a book in the background and in the foreground is a bird, the traditional symbol of trust and loyalty in commercial relations.

This work was commissioned by Manuel Godoy (1767-1851), prince of Peace and Prime Minister to King Carlos IV (1748-1851). It was designed to decorate the large monumental stairs at his recently restored palace. This is part of a group of four tondos with allegorical subject matter. the other three are Science (now lost), Agriculture (P2547) and Industry (P2548), which are also at the Prado Museum. The choice of these subjects has been interpreted as an effort on Godoy's part to present himself as the quintessential enlightened politician who fosters the development of the country he governs by favoring the development of science and its most important applications, according to the symbols of the economic societies of the Enlightenment.

This composition is distorted so that the pieces can be seen correctly from below when it is hung at some height. It's technique is surprising in its rapidity and its strong, rapid brushstrokes.

 
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