Inventory number
P01185
Author
Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y (Spanish)
Title
Felipe IV
Chronology
Ca. 1653
Technique
Óleo
Support
Lienzo
Material
Acero
Dimensions
69,3 cm x 56,5 cm
School
Española
Theme
Retrato
On display
Yes
Provenance
Colección Real (colección Felipe V, Quinta del duque del Arco, El Pardo-Madrid, pieza sexta que sirve de gabinete, 1745, [¿nº 105?]; Quinta del duque del Arco, pieza sexta del gabinete, 1794, nº 121; Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, Madrid, 1817-1826).

This bust portrait of Felipe IV on a dark background shows him wearing black clothing and a white ruff collar, which brings out the monarch's face.

Velázquez eschews the ostentation present in other portraits of the kings and offers a very close image, reflecting the king's most human condition without courtly artifice. The meticulous rendering of the facial features and the summary depiction of the suit stand out in this portrait that reveals Velázquez's capacity to capture the sitter's state of mind: the fatigue and melancholy of the last years of Felipe IV's reign.

It appeared in the collection of the Duke of el Arco in 1745 and became a part of the Royal Collection at that time.

 
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