Inventory number
E00120
Author
Attic workshop
Title
Sarcophagus with the story of Achilles and Polyxena (Fragment)
Chronology
Middle of the third century
Technique
Carved
Material
Marble
Dimensions
82 cm x 88 cm x 8 cm
School
Ancient Art
Theme
Mythology
On display
Yes
Provenance
Colección Real (Golfo de Nápoles antes de 1776; tal vez Madrid, Palacio Real. Col. Carlos III).

Fragment from an incomplete and fragmented Attic sarcophagus (E00118, E00180 and E00182) dating from around 250 A.D. with an especially interesting because it is the only example of its iconography.

The story, which is highly appropriate because of its tragic character, is divided into various scenes. The front shows the armistice celebrated between Aqueans and Trojans to celebrate the marriage of Achilles to the Trojan princess, Polyxena. Agamemnon can be clearly seen in the center, between Ulysses and Paris (the latter's head is restored). The right side shows how the treaty was broken when Achilles dies after being wounded in the heel by Paris.

Finally, the left side shows Polyxena marching to her own sacrifice in honor of the dead hero, accompanied by various Aqueans including Achilles' son, Neoptoloemus. The front of the sarcophagus is missing, except for a few fragments in the Louvre. It represented a combat between Aqueans and Trojans.

 
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