Inventory number
P02354
Author
Watteau, Jean Antoine (French)
Title
Gathering in a Park
Chronology
1712-1713
Technique
Óleo
Support
Lienzo
Dimensions
47,2 cm x 56,9 cm
School
Francesa
Theme
Género y sociedad
On display
Yes
Provenance
Colección Real (colección Isabel Farnesio, Palacio de La Granja de San Ildefonso, Segovia, callejón del retrete, 1746, nº 52; La Granja, pieza cuadrada inmediata al dormitorio, 1766, nº 52; Palacio de Aranjuez, Madrid, gabinete contiguo a los retretes, 1794, nº 52; Palacio Real, Madrid, cuarto del infante don Francisco-primera pieza, 1814-1818, nº 52).

This work is typical of Watteau's “Fêtes Galantes,” small scenes for the beginning of the Rococo that represent agreeable parites in the midst of trees and exuberant nature, filled with exquisite sensuality, delicacy and lyricism. In these pieces, Watteau offers a scrupulous study of the society of that moment, including a few unavoidable touches of cynicism that came from the knowledge of theater set design he gained at the Commedia dell' Arte.

Here, he presents a series of couples and groups of people in a clearing in the woods, with fountains dedicated to Neptune, the god of the seas, and Ceres, goddess of fecundity and marriage. This is a clear example of his technique, with rapid and savory brushstrokes and a very sensitive use of light. These characteristics are drawn from the Baroque paintings of Peter Paul Rubens and from Venetian painting.

This work was listed in the 1746 inventory of Queen Isabel de Farnesio's (1692-1766) collection at the Palace of la Granja de San Ildefonso, and in 1794 at Aranjuez Palace. In 1814, it was at Madrid's Royal Palace.

 
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